Using Tensorflow DALI plugin: using various readers

Overview

This example shows how different readers could be used to interact with Tensorflow. It shows how flexible DALI is.

The following readers are used in this example:

  • MXNetReader

  • CaffeReader

  • FileReader

  • TFRecordReader

For details on how to use them please see other examples.

Let us start with defining some global constants

DALI_EXTRA_PATH environment variable should point to the place where data from DALI extra repository is downloaded. Please make sure that the proper release tag is checked out.

[1]:
import os.path

test_data_root = os.environ['DALI_EXTRA_PATH']

# MXNet RecordIO
db_folder = os.path.join(test_data_root, 'db', 'recordio/')

# Caffe LMDB
lmdb_folder = os.path.join(test_data_root, 'db', 'lmdb')

# image dir with plain jpeg files
image_dir = "../../data/images"

# TFRecord
tfrecord = os.path.join(test_data_root, 'db', 'tfrecord', 'train')
tfrecord_idx = "idx_files/train.idx"
tfrecord2idx_script = "tfrecord2idx"

N = 8             # number of GPUs
BATCH_SIZE = 128  # batch size per GPU
ITERATIONS = 32
IMAGE_SIZE = 3

Create idx file by calling tfrecord2idx script

[2]:
from subprocess import call
import os.path

if not os.path.exists("idx_files"):
    os.mkdir("idx_files")

if not os.path.isfile(tfrecord_idx):
    call([tfrecord2idx_script, tfrecord, tfrecord_idx])

Let us define: - common part of pipeline, other pipelines will inherit it

[3]:
from nvidia.dali.pipeline import Pipeline
import nvidia.dali.ops as ops
import nvidia.dali.types as types

class CommonPipeline(Pipeline):
    def __init__(self, batch_size, num_threads, device_id):
        super(CommonPipeline, self).__init__(batch_size, num_threads, device_id)

        self.decode = ops.ImageDecoder(device = "mixed", output_type = types.RGB)
        self.resize = ops.Resize(device = "gpu",
                                 image_type = types.RGB,
                                 interp_type = types.INTERP_LINEAR)
        self.cmn = ops.CropMirrorNormalize(device = "gpu",
                                            dtype = types.FLOAT,
                                            crop = (227, 227),
                                            mean = [128., 128., 128.],
                                            std = [1., 1., 1.])
        self.uniform = ops.Uniform(range = (0.0, 1.0))
        self.resize_rng = ops.Uniform(range = (256, 480))

    def base_define_graph(self, inputs, labels):
        images = self.decode(inputs)
        images = self.resize(images, resize_shorter = self.resize_rng())
        output = self.cmn(images, crop_pos_x = self.uniform(),
                          crop_pos_y = self.uniform())
        return (output, labels.gpu())
  • MXNetReaderPipeline

[4]:
from nvidia.dali.pipeline import Pipeline
import nvidia.dali.ops as ops
import nvidia.dali.types as types

class MXNetReaderPipeline(CommonPipeline):
    def __init__(self, batch_size, num_threads, device_id, num_gpus):
        super(MXNetReaderPipeline, self).__init__(batch_size, num_threads, device_id)
        self.input = ops.MXNetReader(path = [db_folder+"train.rec"], index_path=[db_folder+"train.idx"],
                                     random_shuffle = True, shard_id = device_id, num_shards = num_gpus)

    def define_graph(self):
        images, labels = self.input(name="Reader")
        return self.base_define_graph(images, labels)
  • CaffeReadPipeline

[5]:
class CaffeReadPipeline(CommonPipeline):
    def __init__(self, batch_size, num_threads, device_id, num_gpus):
        super(CaffeReadPipeline, self).__init__(batch_size, num_threads, device_id)
        self.input = ops.CaffeReader(path = lmdb_folder,
                                     random_shuffle = True, shard_id = device_id, num_shards = num_gpus)

    def define_graph(self):
        images, labels = self.input()
        return self.base_define_graph(images, labels)
  • FileReadPipeline

[6]:
class FileReadPipeline(CommonPipeline):
        def __init__(self, batch_size, num_threads, device_id, num_gpus):
            super(FileReadPipeline, self).__init__(batch_size, num_threads, device_id)
            self.input = ops.FileReader(file_root = image_dir)

        def define_graph(self):
            images, labels = self.input()
            return self.base_define_graph(images, labels)
  • TFRecordPipeline

[7]:
import nvidia.dali.tfrecord as tfrec

class TFRecordPipeline(CommonPipeline):
    def __init__(self, batch_size, num_threads, device_id, num_gpus):
        super(TFRecordPipeline, self).__init__(batch_size, num_threads, device_id)
        self.input = ops.TFRecordReader(path = tfrecord,
                                        index_path = tfrecord_idx,
                                        features = {"image/encoded" : tfrec.FixedLenFeature((), tfrec.string, ""),
                                                    "image/class/label": tfrec.FixedLenFeature([1], tfrec.int64,  -1)
                                        })

    def define_graph(self):
        inputs = self.input()
        images = inputs["image/encoded"]
        labels = inputs["image/class/label"]
        return self.base_define_graph(images, labels)

Now let us create function which builds pipeline on demand:

[8]:
import tensorflow as tf
import nvidia.dali.plugin.tf as dali_tf

try:
    from tensorflow.compat.v1 import GPUOptions
    from tensorflow.compat.v1 import ConfigProto
    from tensorflow.compat.v1 import Session
    from tensorflow.compat.v1 import placeholder
except:
    # Older TF versions don't have compat.v1 layer
    from tensorflow import GPUOptions
    from tensorflow import ConfigProto
    from tensorflow import Session
    from tensorflow import placeholder

try:
    tf.compat.v1.disable_eager_execution()
except:
    pass

def get_batch_test_dali(batch_size, pipe_type):
    pipe_name, label_type, _ = pipe_type
    pipes = [pipe_name(batch_size=batch_size, num_threads=2, device_id = device_id, num_gpus = N) for device_id in range(N)]

    daliop = dali_tf.DALIIterator()
    images = []
    labels = []
    for d in range(N):
        with tf.device('/gpu:%i' % d):
            image, label = daliop(pipeline = pipes[d],
                shapes = [(BATCH_SIZE, 3, 227, 227), ()],
                dtypes = [tf.int32, label_type],
                device_id = d)
            images.append(image)
            labels.append(label)

    return [images, labels]

At the end let us test if all pipelines have been correctly built and run with TF session

[9]:
import numpy as np

pipe_types = [[MXNetReaderPipeline, tf.float32, (0, 999)],
              [CaffeReadPipeline, tf.int32, (0, 999)],
              [FileReadPipeline, tf.int32, (0, 1)],
              [TFRecordPipeline, tf.int64, (1, 1000)]]
for pipe_name in pipe_types:
    print ("RUN: "  + pipe_name[0].__name__)
    test_batch = get_batch_test_dali(BATCH_SIZE, pipe_name)
    x = placeholder(tf.float32, shape=[BATCH_SIZE, IMAGE_SIZE, IMAGE_SIZE, 3], name='x')
    gpu_options = GPUOptions(per_process_gpu_memory_fraction=0.8)
    config = ConfigProto(gpu_options=gpu_options)

    with Session(config=config) as sess:
        for i in range(ITERATIONS):
            imgs, labels = sess.run(test_batch)
            # Testing correctness of labels
            for label in labels:
                ## labels need to be integers
                assert(np.equal(np.mod(label, 1), 0).all())
                ## labels need to be in range pipe_name[2]
                assert((label >= pipe_name[2][0]).all())
                assert((label <= pipe_name[2][1]).all())
    print("OK : " + pipe_name[0].__name__)
RUN: MXNetReaderPipeline
OK : MXNetReaderPipeline
RUN: CaffeReadPipeline
OK : CaffeReadPipeline
RUN: FileReadPipeline
OK : FileReadPipeline
RUN: TFRecordPipeline
OK : TFRecordPipeline