What are the advantages of running a model with Triton Inference Server compared to running directly using the model’s framework API?

When using Triton Inference Server the inference result will be the same as when using the model’s framework directly. However, with Triton we get benefits like concurrent model execution (the ability to run multiple models at the same time on the same GPU) and dynamic batching to get better throughput. We can also replace or upgrade models while Triton and client application are running. Another benefit is that Triton can be deployed as a Docker container, anywhere – on premises and on public clouds. Triton Inference Server also supports several frameworks such as TensorRT, TensorFlow, PyTorch, and ONNX on both GPUs and CPUs leading to a streamlined deployment.

Can Triton Inference Server run on systems that don’t have GPUs?

Yes, see Running Triton On A System Without A GPU.

Can Triton Inference Server be used in non-Docker environments?

Yes. Triton Inference Server has a CMake build that allows the server to be built from source making it more portable to non-Docker environments. For more details, see Building Triton with CMake. After building you can then run Triton outside of Docker as described in Running Triton Without Docker.

Do you provide client libraries for languages other than C++ and Python?

We provide C++ and Python client libraries to make it easy for users to write client applications that communicate with Triton. We chose those languages because they were likely to be popular and performant in the ML inference space, but in the future we can possibly add another language if there is a need.

We provide the GRPC API as a way to generate your own client library for a large number of languages. By following the official GRPC documentation and using src/core/grpc_service.proto you can generate language bindings for all the languages supported by GRPC. We provide two examples of this:

In general the client libraries (and client examples) are meant to be just that, examples. We feel the client libraries are well written and well tested, but they are not meant to serve every possible use case. In some cases you may want to develop your own customized library to suit your specific needs.

How would you use Triton Inference Server within the AWS environment?

In an AWS environment, the Triton Inference Server docker container can run on CPU-only instances or GPU compute instances. Triton can run directly on the compute instance or inside Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS). In addition, other AWS services such as Elastic Load Balancer (ELB) can be used for load balancing traffic among multiple Triton instances. Elastic Block Store (EBS) or S3 can be used for storing deep-learning models loaded by the inference server.

How do I measure the performance of my model running in the Triton Inference Server?

The Triton Inference Server exposes performance information in two ways: by Prometheus metrics and by the statistics endpoint.

A client application, perf_client, allows you to measure the performance of an individual model using a synthetic load. The perf_client application is designed to show you the tradeoff of latency vs. throughput.

How can I fully utilize the GPU with Triton Inference Server?

Triton Inference Server has several features designed to increase GPU utilization:

instances of the same model <section-concurrent-model-execution>` to handle multiple simultaneous inferences requests to that model. Triton chooses reasonable defaults but you can also control the exact level of concurrency on a model-by-model basis.

As a general rule, batching is the most beneficial way to increase GPU utilization. So you should alway try enabling the dynamic batcher with your models. Using multiple instances of a model can also provide some benefit but is typically most useful for models that have small compute requirements. Most models will benefit from using two instances but more than that is often not useful.

If I have a server with multiple GPUs should I use one Triton Inference Server to manage all GPUs or should I use multiple inference servers, one for each GPU?

Triton Inference Server will take advantage of all GPUs on the server that it has access to. You can limit the GPUs available to Triton by using the CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES environment variable (or with Docker you can also use NVIDIA_VISIBLE_DEVICES or –gpus flag when launching the container). When using multiple GPUs, Triton will distribute inference request across the GPUs to keep them all equally utilized. You can also control more explicitly which models are running on which GPUs.

In some deployment and orchestration environments (for example, Kubernetes) it may be more desirable to partition a single multi-GPU server into multiple nodes, each with one GPU. In this case the orchestration environment will run a different Triton for each GPU and an load balancer will be used to divide inference requests across the available Triton instances.