# Message API Overview¶

Section | Message | Description |
---|---|---|

actuators | ActuatorGroupProto | A message used to send actuator commands to hardware (or simulated hardware) |

alice | LogMessageProto | Header for logging messages |

MessageChannelIndexProto | An index containing all message channels in a log | |

MessageHeaderProto | A message header which is sent together with the actual message. It allows the remote to forward the message to the correct receiver and it also provides timing information based on the transmitter clock. | |

PoseTreeEdgeProto | Information about the pose releation between two coordinate frames. | |

UdpPackageHeaderProto | A small header for every package we send over a UDP socket. It allows the remote to reassemble the message | |

audio | AudioDataProto | Message containing input to the audio playback module |

audio_file_playback | AudioFilePlaybackProto | Notifies the audio file loader module the file to play |

bodies | RigidBody3GroupProto | A list of rigid bodies in a certain coordinate frame |

RigidBody3Proto | A rigid body in 3D | |

camera | ColorCameraProto | An image published by a color (or greyscale) camera |

DepthCameraProto | Depth information for an image | |

DisparityCameraProto | Disparity information for an image | |

DistortionProto | Distortion parameters for a camera image | |

PinholeProto | Pinhole camera model parameters | |

SegmentationCameraProto | Pixel-wise class label and instance segmentations for an image | |

chat_message | ChatMessageProto | A chat message |

collision | CollisionProto | A collision event information |

detections | Detections2Proto | A message containing detections made by sensor(s) Each detection has a bounding box, label, and confidence |

Detections3Proto | A message containing detections made by sensor(s) Each detection has a 3D pose, label, and confidence | |

PredictionProto | A prediction gives a class name with a confidence level from 0 to 1 | |

dynamixel | DynamixelMotorsProto | Commands commands for a set of dynamixel motors running for example as a dasy chain. |

fiducials | FiducialListProto | A list of detected ficucials |

FiducialProto | A fiducial is an object placed in the field of view of an imaging system for use as a point of reference or a measure | |

geometry | PlaneProto | A plane in three-dimensional space |

RectangleProto | A rectangle using 64-bit doubles | |

heatmap | HeatmapProto | Describes the heatmap of probabilities for different units |

imu | ImuProto | Message published by an inertial measurement unit (IMU) |

joystick | JoystickStateProto | Messages published from a gamepad controller. |

json | JsonProto | A proto transporting a JSON string encoded as a string |

led_strip | LedStripProto | A message to describe a desired state of a LED display strip |

lidar | FlatscanProto | A 2D range scan which is essentially a flat version of the 3D RangeScanProto |

RangeScanProto | A message about laser range scans published for example from a LIDAR sensor The message does not have to capture a full 360 degree scan, as most sensors publish partial slices at high frequency instead of waiting to complete a full scan. | |

math | Pose2dProto | A pose for 2-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 64-bit doubles |

Pose2fProto | A pose for 2-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 32-bit floats | |

Pose3dProto | A pose for 3-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 64-bit doubles | |

Pose3fProto | A pose for 3-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 32-bit floats | |

QuaterniondProto | A quaternion using 64-bit doubles for example to represent rotations | |

QuaternionfProto | A quaternion using 32-bit floats for example to represent rotations | |

SO2dProto | A rotation in 2-dimensional Euclidean space using 64-bit doubles | |

SO2fProto | A rotation in 2-dimensional Euclidean space using 32-bit floats | |

SO3dProto | A rotation in 3-dimensional Euclidean space using 64-bit doubles | |

SO3fProto | A rotation in 3-dimensional Euclidean space using 32-bit floats | |

Vector2dProto | A 2-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles | |

Vector2fProto | A 2-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats | |

Vector2iProto | A 2-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers | |

Vector3dProto | A 3-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles | |

Vector3fProto | A 3-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats | |

Vector3iProto | A 3-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers | |

Vector3ubProto | A 3-dimensional vector using unsigned 8-bit integers | |

Vector4dProto | A 4-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles | |

Vector4fProto | A 4-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats | |

Vector4iProto | A 4-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers | |

Vector5dProto | A 5-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles | |

Vector5fProto | A 5-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats | |

Vector5iProto | A 5-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers | |

ml | SegmentationPredictionProto | Segmentation prediction proto stores the probability distribution over classes for each pixel in a three dimensional tensor. The probability will add up to one for each pixel. |

mocap | MarkerListProto | Representation of raw marker info tracked by a motion capture system |

navigation | BinaryMapProto | A binary occupancy grid map which indicates for every grid cell if the cell is free or occupied. |

DifferentialState | Describes how an entity is moving through space in a local diverging coordinate frame. | |

DifferentialTrajectoryPlanProto | A trajectory plan for a differential base consisting of a sequence of states | |

DistanceMapProto | A distance grid map which provides the distance to the nearest obstacle for every grid cell. | |

Goal2FeedbackProto | A status update which is sent continously as a reply to receiving a goal message. This can be used to keep track if the robot has arrived at the destination. | |

Goal2Proto | Describe a goal in a given referential frame | |

GoalWaypointProto | A desired target waypoint | |

GroundPlaneProto | A message describing the location of the ground. | |

OccupancyMapProto | An occupancy grid map which provides mean and standard deviation for every grid cell. This represents the average number of times a cell was observed as occupied. | |

Odometry2Proto | Describes how an entity is moving through space in a local diverging coordinate frame. | |

Plan2Proto | Describes a plan in a given referential frame. | |

obstacles | ObstaclesProto | A message containing all obstacles around the robot |

ping | PingProto | A generic message to ping another node with a private message. |

posetree | PoseTreeProto | Pose tree/kinematic tree: hierarchicial kinematic representation |

pwm_controller | PwmChannelSetDutyCycleProto | Set a duty cycle for a given PWM channel |

PwmChannelSetPulseLengthProto | Set a pulse length for a given PWM channel | |

robot_state | RobotStateProto | The robot state at that particular instance of time. The proto stores the current position and angle, as well as the difference between the previous values of the states (position and angle). Also contains the current linear and angular speed, obtained from odometry input |

state | StateProto | A message used to transport states of dynamic systems. This is used closely together with the state gem to be found in //engine/gems/state. For example you can define the robot state using the compile-time types defined in that gem, and then serialize that state into a message. The receiver of that message can deserialize the state back into the compile-time robot state type. |

superpixels | SuperpixelLabelsProto | Labels for superpixels. Assigns a label to every superpixel in a related SuperpixelsProto |

SuperpixelsProto | A superpixel oversegmentation for an image. This is useful for various image segmentation methods or perception algorithms in general. # Each pixel in the image is assigned to a superpixel. For each superpixel information like the pixel coordinate or the color are reported. Optionally also 3D data like point and normal are reported. | |

uuid | UuidProto | A unique identifier following the UUID specifications |

voice_command_detection | VoiceCommandDetectionProto | Message containing detected command id and list of timestamps of contributing keywords |

# Protobuffers¶

## actuators¶

```
# A message used to send actuator commands to hardware (or simulated hardware)
struct ActuatorGroupProto {
# The semantic meaning of the value
# Represents angular/linear values depending on the joint type
enum Semantics {
position @0;
speed @1;
acceleration @2;
force @3;
}
# A commanded property
struct Value {
semantics @0: Semantics;
# the actual control or state value
scalar @1: Float32;
}
# Just holds a list of commands per actuator
struct CommandList {
commands @0: List(Value);
}
# Desired commands per actuators
actuators @0: List(CommandList);
# (optional) names of actuators
names @1: List(Text);
}
```

## alice¶

```
# Header for logging messages
struct LogMessageProto {
acqtime @0: Int64;
pubtime @1: Int64;
contentsUuid @2: UuidProto;
}
```

```
# An index containing all message channels in a log
struct MessageChannelIndexProto {
struct MessageChannel {
# UUID of the app component
componentUuid @0: UuidProto;
# Tag of the message channel (as specified in ISAAC_PROTO_TX)
tag @1: Text;
# Series UUID under which messages are stored in the log
seriesUuid @2: UuidProto;
}
channels @0: List(MessageChannel);
}
```

```
# A message header which is sent together with the actual message.
# It allows the remote to forward the message to the correct receiver and it also provides timing
# information based on the transmitter clock.
struct MessageHeaderProto {
# Uniquely identifies a message across all systems
uuid @0: UuidProto;
# Uniquely identifies a proto type across all systems
proto @1: Int64;
# A channel identifier which is used to route messages
channel @2: Text;
# A (local) timestamp in nanoseconds which describes when data relevant for this message was
# aquired by the hardware.
acqtime @3: Int64;
# A (local) timestamp in nanoseconds which describes when the message was published.
pubtime @4: Int64;
# Total length (in bytes) of message header and message payload
messageLength @5: UInt32;
# Lengths (in bytes) of proto segments
segmentLengths @6: List(UInt32);
}
```

```
# Information about the pose releation between two coordinate frames.
struct PoseTreeEdgeProto {
# Name of "left" frame, i.e. `lhs` for a pose `lhs_T_rhs`
lhs @0: Text;
# Name of "right" frame, i.e. `rhs` for a pose `lhs_T_rhs`
rhs @1: Text;
# The pose between the two frames using the orientation `lhs_T_rhs`
pose @2: Pose3dProto;
}
```

```
# A small header for every package we send over a UDP socket.
# It allows the remote to reassemble the message
struct UdpPackageHeaderProto {
# Uniquely identifies a message across all systems
uuid @0: UuidProto;
# The total length of the message (header plus message payload) in bytes
messageLength @1: UInt32;
# The index of this package (assuming a fixed package size). The message header is always a
# single package which comes first.
packageIndex @2: UInt16;
}
```

## audio¶

```
# Message containing input to the audio playback module
struct AudioDataProto {
# Audio Sample Rate (eg. 44100, 48000, 96000, 192000)
sampleRate @0: UInt32;
# Number of channels in the Audio packet
numChannels @1: UInt8;
}
```

## audio_file_playback¶

```
# Notifies the audio file loader module the file to play
struct AudioFilePlaybackProto {
# File index
fileIndex @0: UInt8;
}
```

## bodies¶

```
# A list of rigid bodies in a certain coordinate frame
struct RigidBody3GroupProto {
# List of rigid bodies
bodies @0: List(RigidBody3Proto);
# Optional names for rigid bodies
names @1: List(Text);
# Name of coordinate system reference frame
referenceFrame @2: Text;
}
```

```
# A rigid body in 3D
struct RigidBody3Proto {
# The pose of the rigid body with respect to its reference coordinate frame
refTBody @0: Pose3dProto;
# The linear velocity in the reference coordinate frame
linearVelocity @1: Vector3dProto;
# The angular velocity as a Rodrigues vector in the reference coordinate frame. This means
# the vector's direction is the axis of rotation and its length is the angular speed around
# that axis.
angularVelocity @2: Vector3dProto;
# The linear acceleration
linearAcceleration @3: Vector3dProto;
# The angular acceleration
angularAcceleration @4: Vector3dProto;
# The relative scales in x, y, z axis in the body frame; (1.0, 1.0, 1.0) represents the original
# scale.
scales @5: Vector3dProto;
}
```

## camera¶

```
# An image published by a color (or greyscale) camera
struct ColorCameraProto {
# Actual image captured by the camera. The pixel type depends on the type of camera. Most commonly
# it could be a single 8-bit integer for a greyscale camera, or a three 8-bit integers for a
# color camera.
image @0: ImageProto;
# The choices available for color space
enum ColorSpace {
greyscale @0;
rgb @1;
bgr @2;
yuv @3;
}
# Color space used by the image
colorSpace @1: ColorSpace;
# Intrinsic camera parameters
pinhole @2: PinholeProto;
distortion @3: DistortionProto;
}
```

```
# Depth information for an image
struct DepthCameraProto {
# A depth value for every pixel in the image. The pixel type is a single 32-bit float.
depthImage @0: ImageProto;
# The minimum and maximum depth used
minDepth @1: Float32;
maxDepth @2: Float32;
# Intrinsic camera parameters
pinhole @3: PinholeProto;
}
```

```
# Disparity information for an image
struct DisparityCameraProto {
# A disparity value for every pixel in the image. The pixel type is a single 32-bit float.
disparityImage @0: ImageProto;
# The minimum value that a pixel could be in the disparityImage.
# This should be greater than zero so that a maximum depth can be computed.
minimumDisparity @1: Float32;
# The maximum value that a pixel could be in the disparityImage.
maximumDisparity @2: Float32;
# The distance between the two stereo cameras (in meters).
cameraBaseline @3: Float32;
# Intrinsic camera parameters
pinhole @4: PinholeProto;
}
```

```
# Distortion parameters for a camera image
struct DistortionProto {
# The choices available for the distortion model
enum DistortionModel {
# Brown distortion model with 3 radial and 2 tangential distortion
# coefficients: (r0 r1 r2 t0 t1)
brown @0;
# Fisheye (wide-angle) distortion. 4 radial (r0, r1, r2, r3) distortion coefficients
fisheye @1;
}
# Distortion model and coefficients
model @0: DistortionModel;
coefficients @1: Vector5fProto;
}
```

```
# Pinhole camera model parameters
struct PinholeProto {
# Resolution of the camera
rows @0: Int16;
cols @1: Int16;
# Focal length of the camera in pixel (0: row, 1: col)
focal @2: Vector2dProto;
# Optical center of the camera in pixel (0: row, 1: col)
center @3: Vector2dProto;
}
```

```
# Pixel-wise class label and instance segmentations for an image
struct SegmentationCameraProto {
# A image which stores a class label for every pixel. The pixel type is a single unsigned 8-bit
# integer.
labelImage @0: ImageProto;
# A label used to enumerate all labels in the `labels` field below
struct Label {
# The integer value stored in the `labelImage`
index @0: UInt8;
# The name of the label
name @1: Text;
}
# List of all labels used in labelImage
labels @1: List(Label);
# A image which stores an instance index for every pixel. Different objects with the same
# label will get different instance indices. The pixel type is a single unsigned 16-bit integer.
instanceImage @2: ImageProto;
# Intrinsic camera parameters
pinhole @3: PinholeProto;
}
```

## chat_message¶

```
# A chat message
struct ChatMessageProto {
# The user name of the sender
user @0: Text;
# A channel on which the message was posted
channel @1: Text;
# The text sent by the user
text @2: Text;
}
```

## collision¶

```
# A collision event information
struct CollisionProto {
# The name of this collider
thisName @0: Text;
# The name of the other collider
otherName @1: Text;
# The pose of this collider with respect to its reference coordinate frame
thisPose @2: Pose3dProto;
# The pose of the other collider with respect to the same reference coordinate frame
otherPose @3: Pose3dProto;
# contact point of the collision in the reference coordinate frame
contactPoint @4: Vector3dProto;
# normal of the contact point in the reference coordinate frame
contactNormal @5: Vector3dProto;
# The relative linear velocity between the two colliding objects in the reference coordinate frame
velocity @6: Vector3dProto;
}
```

## detections¶

```
# A message containing detections made by sensor(s)
# Each detection has a bounding box, label, and confidence
struct Detections2Proto {
# List of predictions made
predictions @0: List(PredictionProto);
# List of bounding boxes where we detected objects
boundingBoxes @1: List(RectangleProto);
}
```

```
# A message containing detections made by sensor(s)
# Each detection has a 3D pose, label, and confidence
struct Detections3Proto {
# List of predictions made
predictions @0: List(PredictionProto);
# List of poses of objects detected relative to the sensor frame
poses @1: List(Pose3dProto);
}
```

```
# A prediction gives a class name with a confidence level from 0 to 1
struct PredictionProto {
# Name or label for the detection
label @0: Text;
# A general value to indicate how confident we are about the detection.
# This could for example be provided by a perception algorithm like a
# neural network bounding box detector.
confidence @1: Float64;
}
```

## dynamixel¶

```
# Commands commands for a set of dynamixel motors running for example as a dasy chain.
struct DynamixelMotorsProto {
# Motor protos
struct MotorProto {
# Motor ID
id @0: Int64;
# Current position
position @1: Int16;
# Tick in milliseconds since startup
tick @2: Int64;
# Is the servo moving
moving @3: Bool;
}
# A single command per motor
motors @0: List(MotorProto);
}
```

## element_type¶

## fiducials¶

```
# A list of detected ficucials
struct FiducialListProto {
fiducialList @0: List(FiducialProto);
}
```

```
# A fiducial is an object placed in the field of view
# of an imaging system for use as a point of reference or a measure
struct FiducialProto {
# A fiducial can be of type (April Tag, QRCode, Barcode or ARTag)
enum Type {
apriltag @0;
qrcode @1;
barcode @2;
artag @3;
}
# Enum to identify the type of fiducial represented by the
# proto instance
type @0: Type;
# Text field that identifies the ID of the fiducial
# For April Tag, the id is of the format <TagFamily_ID>
# Ex. If the decoded tag ID is 14 and belongs to TagFamily tag36h11,
# The id is tag36h11_14
id @1: Text;
# 3D pose of the detected tag from the camera coordinates,
# consisting of orientation (quaternion) and translation
# Camera coordinate (X - right, Y - down, Z - outward)
# Tag coordinate (X - right, Y - down, Z - opposite to tag face direction)
# Tag coordinates are centered at tag's upper-left corner
# ie. Pose has identity quaternion and zero translation, when tag is facing the camera and it's
# upper-left corner is centered at the camera center
cameraTTag @2: Pose3dProto;
# Optional list of keypoints of the detected fiducial, in image space
keypoints @3: List(Vector2dProto);
}
```

## geometry¶

```
# A plane in three-dimensional space
struct PlaneProto {
normal @0: Vector3dProto;
offset @1: Float64;
}
```

```
# A rectangle using 64-bit doubles
struct RectangleProto {
# (x, y) values of the lower left corner of the rectangle
min @0: Vector2dProto;
# (x, y) values of the upper right corner of the rectangle
max @1: Vector2dProto;
}
```

## heatmap¶

```
# Describes the heatmap of probabilities for different units
struct HeatmapProto {
# Probability for each cell of the grid
heatmap @0: ImageProto;
# Name of the frame of the map (as registered in the PoseTree)
frameName @1: Text;
# Size of a pixel in meters
gridCellSize @2: Float32;
}
```

## image¶

## imu¶

```
# Message published by an inertial measurement unit (IMU)
struct ImuProto {
# The linear acceleration of the body frame along the primary axes
linearAccelerationX @0: Float32;
linearAccelerationY @1: Float32;
linearAccelerationZ @2: Float32;
# The angular velocity of the body frame around the primary axes
angularVelocityX @3: Float32;
angularVelocityY @4: Float32;
angularVelocityZ @5: Float32;
# Optional angles as integrated by a potential internal estimator
angleYaw @6: Float32;
anglePitch @7: Float32;
angleRoll @8: Float32;
}
```

## joystick¶

```
# Messages published from a gamepad controller.
struct JoystickStateProto {
# State of gamepad axes
axes @0: List(Vector2dProto);
# State of gamepad buttons
buttons @1: List(Bool);
}
```

## json¶

```
# A proto transporting a JSON string encoded as a string
struct JsonProto {
# The serialized JSON object
serialized @0: Text;
}
```

## led_strip¶

```
# A message to describe a desired state of a LED display strip
struct LedStripProto {
# Light strip status. If false, the LED strip is powered off.
# If true, the LED strip displays the pattern and color
# defined by the following parameters of this message.
enabled @0: Bool;
# Color to display, in RGB format
color @1: Vector3ubProto;
# Number of LEDs to skip when displaying this color. The remaining
# LEDs will be unchanged.
skip @2: Int32;
# If a skip value is defined, the offset is the index of LED to start
# the skip pattern. i.e. To set every other LED
# starting from the third LED use skip = 2, offset = 3
offset @3: Int32;
}
```

## lidar¶

```
# A 2D range scan which is essentially a flat version of the 3D RangeScanProto
struct FlatscanProto {
# Angles (in radians) under which rays are shot
angles @0: List(Float32);
# Return distance of the ray
ranges @1: List(Float32);
# Beams with a range smaller than or equal to this distance are considered to have returned an
# invalid measurement.
invalidRangeThreshold @2: Float64;
# Beams with a range larger than or equal to this distance are considered to not have hit an
# obstacle within the maximum possible range of the sensor.
outOfRangeThreshold @3: Float64;
}
```

```
# A message about laser range scans published for example from a LIDAR sensor
# The message does not have to capture a full 360 degree scan, as most sensors publish partial
# slices at high frequency instead of waiting to complete a full scan.
struct RangeScanProto {
struct Ray {
# Normalized distance to target (see rangeScale)
range @0: UInt16;
# Normalized ray return intensity (see intensityScale)
intensity @1: UInt8;
}
# The range and intensity of the scanned rays. For each angle theta there is a ray
# for every phi angle. So the total number of rays is length(theta) * length(size).
rays @0: List(Ray);
# table of theta (horizontal) angles
theta @1: List(Float32);
# table of phi (vertical) angles
phi @2: List(Float32);
# Scale factor which can be used to convert a range value from a 16-bit integer to meters. The
# conversion formula is: range[meters] = range[normalized] / 0xFFFF * rangeScale
rangeDenormalizer @3: Float32;
# Scale factor which can be used to convert an intensity value from an 8-bit integer to meters.
# The conversion formula is: intensity = intensity[normalized] / 0xFF * rangeScale
intensityDenormalizer @4: Float32;
# Delay in microseconds between firing
deltaTime @5: UInt16;
# Beams with a range smaller than or equal to this distance (in meters) are considered to have
# returned an invalid measurement.
invalidRangeThreshold @6: Float64;
# Beams with a range larger than or equal to this distance (in meters) are considered to not have
# hit an obstacle within the maximum possible range of the sensor.
outOfRangeThreshold @7: Float64;
}
```

## math¶

```
# A pose for 2-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 64-bit doubles
struct Pose2dProto {
rotation @0: SO2dProto;
translation @1: Vector2dProto;
}
```

```
# A pose for 2-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 32-bit floats
struct Pose2fProto {
rotation @0: SO2fProto;
translation @1: Vector2fProto;
}
```

```
# A pose for 3-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 64-bit doubles
struct Pose3dProto {
rotation @0: SO3dProto;
translation @1: Vector3dProto;
}
```

```
# A pose for 3-dimensional space with rotation and translation using 32-bit floats
struct Pose3fProto {
rotation @0: SO3fProto;
translation @1: Vector3fProto;
}
```

```
# A quaternion using 64-bit doubles for example to represent rotations
struct QuaterniondProto {
w @0: Float64;
x @1: Float64;
y @2: Float64;
z @3: Float64;
}
```

```
# A quaternion using 32-bit floats for example to represent rotations
struct QuaternionfProto {
w @0: Float32;
x @1: Float32;
y @2: Float32;
z @3: Float32;
}
```

```
# A rotation in 2-dimensional Euclidean space using 64-bit doubles
struct SO2dProto {
# unit complex number (cos(a), sin(a)) for rotation angle a
q @0: Vector2dProto;
}
```

```
# A rotation in 2-dimensional Euclidean space using 32-bit floats
struct SO2fProto {
# unit complex number (cos(a), sin(a)) for rotation angle a
q @0: Vector2fProto;
}
```

```
# A rotation in 3-dimensional Euclidean space using 64-bit doubles
struct SO3dProto {
# a normalized quaternion
q @0: QuaterniondProto;
}
```

```
# A rotation in 3-dimensional Euclidean space using 32-bit floats
struct SO3fProto {
# a normalized quaternion
q @0: QuaternionfProto;
}
```

```
# A 2-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles
struct Vector2dProto {
x @0: Float64;
y @1: Float64;
}
```

```
# A 2-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats
struct Vector2fProto {
x @0: Float32;
y @1: Float32;
}
```

```
# A 2-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers
struct Vector2iProto {
x @0: Int32;
y @1: Int32;
}
```

```
# A 3-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles
struct Vector3dProto {
x @0: Float64;
y @1: Float64;
z @2: Float64;
}
```

```
# A 3-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats
struct Vector3fProto {
x @0: Float32;
y @1: Float32;
z @2: Float32;
}
```

```
# A 3-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers
struct Vector3iProto {
x @0: Int32;
y @1: Int32;
z @2: Int32;
}
```

```
# A 3-dimensional vector using unsigned 8-bit integers
struct Vector3ubProto {
x @0: UInt8;
y @1: UInt8;
z @2: UInt8;
}
```

```
# A 4-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles
struct Vector4dProto {
x @0: Float64;
y @1: Float64;
z @2: Float64;
w @3: Float64;
}
```

```
# A 4-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats
struct Vector4fProto {
x @0: Float32;
y @1: Float32;
z @2: Float32;
w @3: Float32;
}
```

```
# A 4-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers
struct Vector4iProto {
x @0: Int32;
y @1: Int32;
z @2: Int32;
w @3: Int32;
}
```

```
# A 5-dimensional vector using 64-bit doubles
struct Vector5dProto {
x @0: Float64;
y @1: Float64;
z @2: Float64;
w @3: Float64;
v @4: Float64;
}
```

```
# A 5-dimensional vector using 32-bit floats
struct Vector5fProto {
x @0: Float32;
y @1: Float32;
z @2: Float32;
w @3: Float32;
v @4: Float32;
}
```

```
# A 5-dimensional vector using 32-bit integers
struct Vector5iProto {
x @0: Int32;
y @1: Int32;
z @2: Int32;
w @3: Int32;
v @4: Int32;
}
```

## ml¶

```
# Segmentation prediction proto stores the probability distribution over classes for each pixel in
# a three dimensional tensor. The probability will add up to one for each pixel.
struct SegmentationPredictionProto {
# List of all class names. The number of elements must match the third dimension of the tensor.
classNames @0: List(Text);
# Tensor with dimensions (rows * cols * classes)
prediction @1: TensorProto;
}
```

## mocap¶

```
# Representation of raw marker info tracked by a motion capture system
struct MarkerListProto {
# List of markers
markers @0: List(Marker);
# A motion captured marker
struct Marker {
# Marker name or label, if labeled in mocap system
name @0: Text;
# Name of node that this marker belongs to, if any
# If unlabeled, parent is scene root
parent @1: Text;
# Translation of marker relative to the global origin
worldTMarker @2: Vector3dProto;
# True if marker is occluded in current frame, false otherwise
occluded @3: Bool;
}
}
```

## obstacles¶

```
# A message containing all obstacles around the robot
struct ObstaclesProto {
# A message containing the information about a spherical obstacle
struct SphereObstacleProto {
# The positions of the center in a given frame (see frame below)
center @0: Vector3dProto;
# The radius of the obstacle (include the minimal distance we aim to stay away from)
radius @1: Float64;
# The coordinate frame the center is located (must match a frame in the PoseTree)
# deprecated: use robotFrame below instead.
frame @2: Text;
# Unique identifier the can be used to track the object
uuid @3: UuidProto;
# Time this obstacle was reported (used in the PoseTree)
time @4: Float64;
}
# A distance map describes the distance to the closest obstacle for every pixel.
struct DistanceMapProto {
# The distance map as a 1d image. Each pixel contains the metric distance to the closest
# obstacle
image @0: ImageProto;
# The pose of the gridmap relative to the robot
robotTGridmap @1: Pose2dProto;
# The size of a grid cell
gridCellSize @2: Float64;
# Time this obstacle was reported (used in the PoseTree)
time @3: Float64;
}
# List of spherical obstacles (see SphereObstacleProto for details)
obstacles @0: List(SphereObstacleProto);
# List of distance maps (see DistanceMapProto for details)
distanceMaps @1: List(DistanceMapProto);
# The coordinate frame the center is located (must match a frame in the PoseTree)
robotFrame @2: Text;
}
```

## ping¶

```
# A generic message to ping another node with a private message.
struct PingProto {
message @0: Text;
}
```

## point_cloud¶

## posetree¶

```
# Pose tree/kinematic tree: hierarchicial kinematic representation
struct PoseTreeProto {
# Pose tree name
name @0: Text;
# List of all nodes in tree
nodes @1: List(Node);
# List of all edges between nodes in the tree, i.e. adjacency list
edges @2: List(Edge);
# Each node in the tree holds its pose relative to its immediate parent and its pose relative to the root
struct Node {
# Node name
name @0: Text;
# This node's parent index in the nodes list
parentIndex @1: Int32;
# Transformation of node relative to its parent
parentTNode @2: Pose3dProto;
# Transformation of node relative to global origin
worldTNode @3: Pose3dProto;
}
# Each edge holds a parent name and child name
# Every node knows its parent's index but this is for human readability
struct Edge {
# Parent name
parentName @0: Text;
# Child name
childName @1: Text;
}
}
```

## pwm_controller¶

```
# Set a duty cycle for a given PWM channel
struct PwmChannelSetDutyCycleProto {
channel @0: Int32;
# PWM channel to set
dutyCycle @1: Float32;
# duty cycle, as a percentage (0.0 to 1.0)
disable @2: Bool;
# if set to true, duty cycle is ignored and power is set to 0
}
```

```
# Set a pulse length for a given PWM channel
struct PwmChannelSetPulseLengthProto {
channel @0: Int32;
# PWM channel to set
pulseLength @1: Float32;
# length of pulse, as a percentage (0.0 to 1.0)
}
```

## robot_state¶

```
# The robot state at that particular instance of time. The proto stores the current position and
# angle, as well as the difference between the previous values of the states (position and angle).
# Also contains the current linear and angular speed, obtained from odometry input
struct RobotStateProto {
# Current pose of robot in the world coordinate frame
worldTRobot @0: Pose2dProto;
# Current speed of body (x, y and angular)
currentSpeed @1: Vector3dProto;
# Distance travelled from last updated position
displacementSinceLastUpdate @2: Vector3dProto;
}
```

## sample_cloud¶

## state¶

```
# A message used to transport states of dynamic systems. This is used closely together with the
# state gem to be found in //engine/gems/state. For example you can define the robot state using the
# compile-time types defined in that gem, and then serialize that state into a message. The
# receiver of that message can deserialize the state back into the compile-time robot state type.
struct StateProto {
# A densely packed representation of the state data as floating point numbers. The lowest rank
# indicates state element dimension, the second rank is time for a potential timeseries, and
# the third rank is for the batch index.
pack @0: TensorProto;
# The schema describing the format of the state vector
schema @1: Text;
# Alternative way to pass the data (for python)
data @2: List(Float64);
}
```

## superpixels¶

```
# Labels for superpixels. Assigns a label to every superpixel in a related SuperpixelsProto
struct SuperpixelLabelsProto {
labels @0: List(Int32);
}
```

```
# A superpixel oversegmentation for an image. This is useful for various image segmentation methods
# or perception algorithms in general.
# # Each pixel in the image is assigned to a superpixel. For each superpixel information like the
# pixel coordinate or the color are reported. Optionally also 3D data like point and normal are
# reported.
struct SuperpixelsProto {
# 2D superpixel data based on the color image
struct Superpixel {
# The average pixel coordinate of the superpixel stored as (row, col)
pixel @0: Vector2fProto;
# The average color of the superpixel stored as RGB in the range [0,1]
color @1: Vector3fProto;
# The number of pixels in this superpixel. There might be superpixels with count = 0 which
# indicates that no pixels were assigned to them. This would also indicate that other superpixel
# and surflet data is invalid.
count @2: UInt32;
}
# Additional 3D surflet data for each superpixel defining the 3D shape of the superpixel
struct Surflet {
# 3D point coordinates of the surflet
point @0: Vector3fProto;
# 3D normal of the surflet
normal @1: Vector3fProto;
}
# An image which assignes a superpixel image to every pixel using the superpixel index. This index
# is identical to the position of the superpixel in the superpixels or surflet lists. Indices are
# stored as an unsinged 16-bit integer. Pixels which are not assigned to any superpixel are marked
# with the index 0xffff.
indices @0: ImageProto;
# 2D superpixel data for every pixel cluster
superpixels @1: List(Superpixel);
# 3D surflet data for every pixel cluster (optional)
surflets @2: List(Surflet);
}
```

## tensor¶

## uuid¶

```
# A unique identifier following the UUID specifications
struct UuidProto {
# First 8 bytes out of 16
lower @0: UInt64;
# Second 8 bytes out of 16
upper @1: UInt64;
}
```

## voice_command_detection¶

```
# Message containing detected command id and list of timestamps of contributing keywords
struct VoiceCommandDetectionProto {
# Detected command id
commandId @0: UInt8;
# List of timestamps of contributing keywords to the detected command
timestamps @1: List(UInt64);
}
```