Set Up Your VMware Virtual Machine for an On-premises Server Cluster
First configure the VM on the master node, and then configure the VM on each worker node.
Follow these steps to setup and configure your VM cluster for an on-premises deployment:
Verify that your master node meets the VM requirements.When using a VM, the following system resources must be allocated:
Resource Minimum Requirement Processor Eight (8) virtual CPUs Memory 64 GB RAM Local disk storage 256 GB (2 TB max) SSD with minimum disk IOPS of 1000 for a standard 4kb block size
(Note: This must be an SSD; use of other storage options can lead to system instability and are not supported.)
Network interface speed 1 Gb NIC Hypervisor VMware ESXi™ 6.5 or later (OVA image) for servers running Cumulus Linux, CentOS, Ubuntu and RedHat operating systems
Confirm that the needed ports are open for communications.You must open the following ports on your NetQ Platforms:
Additionally, for internal cluster communication, you must open these ports:
Port or Protocol Number Protocol Component Access 8443 TCP Admin UI 443 TCP NetQ UI 31980 TCP NetQ Agent communication 32708 TCP API Gateway 22 TCP SSH 179 TCP Calico networking (BGP) 4 IP Protocol Calico networking (IP-in-IP Protocol) 4789 UDP Calico networking (VxLAN) 6443 TCP kube-apiserver 2379 TCP etcd datastore Port Protocol Component Access 8080 TCP Admin API 5000 TCP Docker registry 8472 UDP Flannel port for VXLAN 6443 TCP Kubernetes API server 10250 TCP kubelet health probe 2379 TCP etcd 2380 TCP etcd 7072 TCP Kafka JMX monitoring 9092 TCP Kafka client 7071 TCP Cassandra JMX monitoring 7000 TCP Cassandra cluster communication 9042 TCP Cassandra client 7073 TCP Zookeeper JMX monitoring 2888 TCP Zookeeper cluster communication 3888 TCP Zookeeper cluster communication 2181 TCP Zookeeper client
Port 32666 is no longer used for the NetQ UI.
Download the NetQ Platform image.
Access to the software downloads depends on whether you were an existing customer before September 1, 2020 or whether you are a new customer. Please follow the instructions accordingly.Existing customer who has downloaded NVIDIA Cumulus Networks software before September 1, 2020:
- On the MyMellanox Downloads page, select NetQ from the Software -> Cumulus Software list.
- Click 3.3 from the Version list, and then select 3.3.1 from the submenu.
- Select VMware from the HyperVisor/Platform list.
- Scroll down to view the image, and click Download. This downloads the NetQ-3.3.1.tgz installation package.
- On the My Mellanox support page, log in to your account. If needed create a new account and then log in.
Your username is based on your Email address. For example, firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Open the Downloads menu.
- Click Software.
- Open the Cumulus Software option.
- Click All downloads next to Cumulus NetQ.
- Select 3.3.1 from the NetQ Version dropdown.
- Select VMware from the Hypervisor dropdown.
- Click Show Download.
- Verify this is the correct image, then click Download.
The Documentation option lets you download a copy of the user manual. Ignore the Firmware and More files options as these do not apply to NetQ.
Setup and configure your VM.
Open your hypervisor and set up your VM. You can use this example for reference or use your own hypervisor instructions.
VMware Example ConfigurationThis example shows the VM setup process using an OVA file with VMware ESXi.
Enter the address of the hardware in your browser.
Log in to VMware using credentials with root access.
Click Storage in the Navigator to verify you have an SSD installed.
Click Create/Register VM at the top of the right pane.
Select Deploy a virtual machine from an OVF or OVA file, and click Next.
Provide a name for the VM, for example NetQ.
Tip: Make note of the name used during install as this is needed in a later step.
Drag and drop the NetQ Platform image file you downloaded in Step 2 above.
Select the storage type and data store for the image to use, then click Next. In this example, only one is available.
Accept the default deployment options or modify them according to your network needs. Click Next when you are finished.
Review the configuration summary. Click Back to change any of the settings, or click Finish to continue with the creation of the VM.
The progress of the request is shown in the Recent Tasks window at the bottom of the application. This may take some time, so continue with your other work until the upload finishes.
Once completed, view the full details of the VM and hardware.
Log in to the VM and change the password.
Use the default credentials to log in the first time:
- Username: cumulus
- Password: cumulus
$ ssh cumulus@<ipaddr> Warning: Permanently added '<ipaddr>' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts. Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS cumulus@<ipaddr>'s password: You are required to change your password immediately (root enforced) System information as of Thu Dec 3 21:35:42 UTC 2020 System load: 0.09 Processes: 120 Usage of /: 8.1% of 61.86GB Users logged in: 0 Memory usage: 5% IP address for eth0: <ipaddr> Swap usage: 0% WARNING: Your password has expired. You must change your password now and login again! Changing password for cumulus. (current) UNIX password: cumulus Enter new UNIX password: Retype new UNIX password: passwd: password updated successfully Connection to <ipaddr> closed.
Log in again with your new password.
$ ssh cumulus@<ipaddr> Warning: Permanently added '<ipaddr>' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts. Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS cumulus@<ipaddr>'s password: System information as of Thu Dec 3 21:35:59 UTC 2020 System load: 0.07 Processes: 121 Usage of /: 8.1% of 61.86GB Users logged in: 0 Memory usage: 5% IP address for eth0: <ipaddr> Swap usage: 0% Last login: Thu Dec 3 21:35:43 2020 from <local-ipaddr> cumulus@ubuntu:~$
Verify the master node is ready for installation. Fix any errors indicated before installing the NetQ software.
cumulus@hostname:~$ sudo opta-check
Change the hostname for the VM from the default value.
The default hostname for the NetQ Virtual Machines is ubuntu. Change the hostname to fit your naming conventions while meeting Internet and Kubernetes naming standards.
Kubernetes requires that hostnames are composed of a sequence of labels concatenated with dots. For example, “en.wikipedia.org” is a hostname. Each label must be from 1 to 63 characters long. The entire hostname, including the delimiting dots, has a maximum of 253 ASCII characters.
The Internet standards (RFCs) for protocols specify that labels may contain only the ASCII letters a through z (in lower case), the digits 0 through 9, and the hyphen-minus character ('-').
Use the following command:
cumulus@hostname:~$ sudo hostnamectl set-hostname NEW_HOSTNAME
Add the same NEW_HOSTNAME value to /etc/hosts on your VM for the localhost entry. Example:
127.0.0.1 localhost NEW_HOSTNAME
Run the Bootstrap CLI. Be sure to replace the eth0 interface used in this example with the interface on the server used to listen for NetQ Agents.
:~$ netq bootstrap master interface eth0 tarball /mnt/installables/netq-bootstrap-3.3.1.tgz
Allow about five to ten minutes for this to complete, and only then continue to the next step.
If this step fails for any reason, you can run
netq bootstrap reset [purge-db|keep-db] and then try again.
If you have changed the IP address or hostname of the NetQ On-premises VM after this step, you need to re-register this address with NetQ as follows:
Reset the VM, indicating whether you want to purge any NetQ DB data or keep it.
cumulus@hostname:~$ netq bootstrap reset [purge-db|keep-db]
Re-run the Bootstrap CLI. This example uses interface eth0. Replace this with your updated IP address, hostname or interface using the
:~$ netq bootstrap master interface eth0 tarball /mnt/installables/netq-bootstrap-3.3.0.tgz
Consider the following for container environments, and make adjustments as needed.Flannel Virtual Networks
If you are using Flannel with a container environment on your network, you may need to change its default IP address ranges if they conflict with other addresses on your network. This can only be done one time during the first installation.
The address range is 10.244.0.0/16. NetQ overrides the original Flannel default, which is 10.1.0.0/16.
To change the default address range, use the CLI with the
pod-ip-range option. For example:
cumulus@hostname:~$ netq bootstrap master interface eth0 tarball /mnt/installables/netq-bootstrap-3.3.1.tgz pod-ip-range 10.255.0.0/16Docker Default Bridge Interface
The default Docker bridge interface is disabled in NetQ. If you need to reenable the interface, contact support.
Verify that your first worker node meets the VM requirements, as described in Step 1.
Confirm that the needed ports are open for communications, as described in Step 2.
Open your hypervisor and setup the VM in the same manner as for the master node.
Make a note of the private IP address you assign to the worker node. It is needed for later installation steps.
Verify the worker node is ready for installation. Fix any errors indicated before installing the NetQ software.
cumulus@hostname:~$ sudo opta-check-cloud
Run the Bootstrap CLI on the worker node.
:~$ netq bootstrap worker tarball /mnt/installables/netq-bootstrap-3.3.1.tgz master-ip <master-ip>
Provide a password using the
password option if required. Allow about five to ten minutes for this to complete, and only then continue to the next step.
If this step fails for any reason, you can run
netq bootstrap reset [purge-db|keep-db] on the new worker node and then try again.
Repeat Steps 10 through 14 for each additional worker node you want in your cluster.
The final step is to install and activate the NetQ software. You can do this using the Admin UI or the CLI.
Click the installation and activation method you want to use to complete installation: