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Install a Custom Signed Certificate

The NetQ UI ships with a self-signed certificate that is sufficient for non-production environments or cloud deployments. For on-premises deployments, however, you receive a warning from your browser that this default certificate is not trusted when you first log in to the NetQ UI. You can avoid this by installing your own signed certificate.

If you already have a certificate installed and want to change or update it, run the kubectl delete secret netq-gui-ingress-tls [name] --namespace default command.

You need the following items to perform the certificate installation:

  • A valid X509 certificate.

  • A private key file for the certificate.

  • A DNS record name configured to access the NetQ UI.

    The FQDN should match the common name of the certificate. If you use a wild card in the common name — for example, if the common name of the certificate is *.example.com — then the NetQ telemetry server should reside on a subdomain of that domain, accessible via a URL like netq.example.com.

  • A functioning and healthy NetQ instance.

    You can verify this by running the netq show opta-health command.

Install a Certificate using the NetQ CLI

  1. Log in to the NetQ On-premises Appliance or VM via SSH and copy your certificate and key file there.

  2. Generate a Kubernetes secret called netq-gui-ingress-tls.

    cumulus@netq-ts:~$ kubectl create secret tls netq-gui-ingress-tls \
        --namespace default \
        --key <name of your key file>.key \
        --cert <name of your cert file>.crt
  3. Verify that you created the secret successfully.

    cumulus@netq-ts:~$ kubectl get secret
    NAME                               TYPE                                  DATA   AGE
    netq-gui-ingress-tls               kubernetes.io/tls                     2      5s
  4. Update the ingress rule file to install self-signed certificates.

    1. Create a new file called ingress.yaml.

    2. Copy and add this content to the file.

      apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
      kind: Ingress
          kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "ingress-nginx"
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-redirect: "true"
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol: "HTTPS"
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/proxy-connect-timeout: "3600"
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/proxy-read-timeout: "3600"
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/proxy-send-timeout: "3600"
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/proxy-body-size: 10g
          nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/proxy-request-buffering: "off"
        name: netq-gui-ingress-external
        namespace: default
        - host: <your-hostname>
            - backend:
                serviceName: netq-gui
                servicePort: 80
        - hosts:
          - <your-hostname>
          secretName: netq-gui-ingress-tls
    3. Replace <your-hostname> with the FQDN of the NetQ On-premises Appliance or VM.

  5. Apply the new rule.

    cumulus@netq-ts:~$ kubectl apply -f ingress.yaml
    ingress.extensions/netq-gui-ingress-external configured

    A message like the one above appears if your ingress rule is successfully configured.

  6. Configure the NetQ API to use the new certificate.

    Edit the netq-swagger-ingress-external service:

    kubectl edit ingress netq-swagger-ingress-external

    Add the tls: section in the spec: stanza, referencing your configured hostname and the netq-gui-ingress-tls secretName:

    - host: <hostname>
      - backend:
        serviceName: swagger-ui
        servicePort: 8080
        path: /swagger(/|$)(.*)
    - hosts:
      - <hostname>
      secretName: netq-gui-ingress-tls

    After saving your changes, delete the current swagger-ui pod to restart the service:

    cumulus@netq-ts:~$ kubectl delete pod -l app=swagger-ui
    pod "swagger-ui-deploy-69cfff7b45-cj6r6" deleted

Your custom certificate should now be working. Verify this by opening the NetQ UI at https://<your-hostname-or-ipaddr> in your browser.