Release Notes Change Log History

This section includes history of changes and new feature of three major (GA) releases back.For older versions' history, please refer to their dedicated release notes.





Bug fixes


Remove Dependency Between SR-IOV and eSwitch Mode

[All HCAs] Removed dependency between SR-IOV and eSwitch mode. Currently, there are three eSwitch modes: none, legacy, and switchdev (non of which are the default mode). When disabling SR-IOV, the current eSwitch mode will be changed to none. This feature removes eSwitch mode none and also removes dependency between SR-IOV and eSwitch mode.

DevLink Parallel Command

[All HCAs] Added support for running DevLink commands in parallel on different DevLink devices is possible. For example, burning firmware on a few cards on the same host in parallel using DevLink API is now possible.

Graceful Shutdown of Parent and Page Supplier

[All HCAs] Set default graceful period values for functions based on their type. ECPFs will get graceful period of 3 minutes, PFs get 1 minute, and VFs/SFs get 30 seconds.

N Pulses Per Second (NPPS)

[ConnectX-6 Dx and above] Enhanced NPPS to allow setting a pulse period higher than 1 pulse per second and to allow setting the pulse width.

If the width is unset, the driver implicitly sets it to half the given period (the width should be less than the pulse period). In this release, the pulse duration ranges between 65536 NS–524288 NS.

Remote Invalidate Option for MKeys

[All HCAs] Addded support for the option to enable remote invalidation when creating a new mkey. This way the rkey for a memory region can be changed frequently.

GPUDirect Over DMA-BUF

[All HCAs] Added support for GPUDirect support over dma-buf. As such, using the new mechanism nv_peer_mem is no longer required.

The following is required for dma-buf support:

  • Linux kernel version 5.12 or later

  • OpenRM version 515 or later

Perftest support was added as well:
Default option in perftest is without dmabuf. To run with this option, add --use_cuda_dmabuf in addition to use_cuda flag.


Bug fixes




Support Representor Metering Over SFs

[ConnectX-6 Dx and above and BlueField-2] Extended the support of representor metering from supporting only VFs representor to also supporting SFs representor.

Exposing Error Counters on a VPort Manager

[ConnectX-4 and above] Added support for exposing error counters on a VPort manager function for all other VPorts.
These counters can be used to detect malicious users who are exploiting flows that can slow the device.
The counters are exposed through debugfs under: /sys/kernel/debug/mlx5/esw/<func>/vnic_diag/

Memory Consumption Minimization

[ConnectX-4 and above] Added support for providing knobs which enable users to minimize memory consumption of mlx5 functions (PF/VF/SF).

XDP Support for Uplink Representors

[ConnectX-5 and ConnectX-6 Dx) Added XDP support for uplink representors in switchdev mode.

Resiliency to tx_port_ts

[ConnectX-6 Dx and above] Added resiliency to the tx_port_ts feature. private-flag may be enabled via ethtool tx_port_ts which provides a more accurate time-stamp. In very rare cases, the said time-stamp was lost, leading to losing the synchronization altogether. This feature allows for fast recovery and allows to quickly regain synchronization.

Database of Devlink Health Asserts

[ConnectX-4 and above] Health buffer now contains more debug information like the epoch time in sec of the error and the error's severity. The print to dmesg is done with the debug level corresponding to the error's severity. This allows the user to use dmesg attribute: dmesg --level to focus on different severity levels of firmware errors.

Expose FEC Counters via Ethtool

[ConnectX-5 and above] Exposed the following FEC (forward error detection) counters:


  • fc_fec_corrected_blocks_laneX

  • rs_fec_corrected_blocks


  • fc_fec_uncorrectable_blocks_laneX

  • rs_fec_uncorrectable_blocks


  • phy_corrected_bits

Command: ethtool -I show-fec <ifc>

Application Device Queues

[ConnectX-4 and above] Added driver-level support for Application Device Queues. This feature allows partition defining over the RX/TX queues into groups and isolates traffic of different applications. This mainly improves predictability and tail latency.

Reinjection of Packets Into Kernel

[All HCAs] Added support for a new software steering action, mlx5dv_dr_action_create_dest_root_table(). This action can be used to forward packets back into a level 0 table.
As a table with level 0 is the kernel owned table, this will result in injecting packets to the kernel steering pipeline.


[ConnectX-6 Dx and above] Added firmware support to allow explicit port selection based on steering and not QP affinity.


  1. Use LAG Hash Mode for the HCA with two ports, if supported.

  2. Keep port affinity function in LAG Hash Mode if it supports bypass select flow table in non-SwitchDev mode.


Added support for plaintext AES-XTS DEKs.


Bug fixes

Customer Affecting Change



Multi-Block Encryption

Multi-block encryption is currently unsupported, due to a hardware limitation.




Operating Systems

Added support for the following Operating Systems: RHEL8.6, RHEL9.0, SLES15-SP4.


Bug fixes





New Adapter Card Support

Added support for ConnectX-7 adapter cards. ConnectX-7 has the same feature set as the ConnectX-6 adapter card.

ASAP2 Features

Bridge Spoof Check

[All HCAs] Added support for spoof check with TC flower rules on representors attached to bridge to mirror spoof check SR-IOV functionality.

Setting VF Group Rate Limit

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for setting VF group rate limit using Devlink command.

TC Flows on Shared Block

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for creation of TC flows on shared block of VF representors.

Flow Metering

[ConnectX-6 Dx and above] Added support for offloading OpenFlow Meters in OVS-DPDK.

Please note the following:

  • Meter offload can be applied only on port 0 and it's VFs

  • Only one meter per flow is allowed

  • Only one meter band per meter is allowed

  • Only meter band type drop is supported

  • Meter-stats might not be accurate

Core Features

Firmware Reset

[BlueField-2] Added support of firmware reset in DPU NIC mode.

Increased Robustness of mlx5_core Driver Recovery

[All HCAs] Increased the firmware pre-initialization timeout from 2 minutes to 2 hours when waiting for firmware during driver health recovery, allowing the driver to passively recover from a firmware reset, even if the reset takes an unusually long time. Additionally, added an exit clause to the wait for firmware loop, allowing immediate response to a user initiated device removal.

NetDev Features

Ethtool CQE Mode Control

[ConnectX-4 and above] Replaced the vendor-specific Ethtool API (priv-flag) with a standard Ethtool API (replaced 'ethtool --set-priv-flags ethX rx_cqe_moder on/off tx_cqe_moder on/off' with 'ethtool -C ethX cqe-mode-rx on/off cqe-mode-tx on/off'). This decreases the amount of vendor-specific configurations and aligns mlx5 driver with the upstream Ethtool API.


[ConnectX-6 Dx] Added an indication in SyncE Daemon that states whether SyncE engine moved to holdover state due to failure (the reason for failure will be displayed). In addition, added indication whether SyncE engines collected enough frequency samples in order to move to holdover.


OVS-IPSec Full Offload

[BlueField-2] Added support for configuration of IPsec full offload using OVS by adding VXLAN tunnel to OVS with the PSK option.



New options were added to the script: --only-kernel and --only-user. Those can be used to uninstall only kernel packages or only user-space packages (the equivalent of kernel-only install or user-space-only install, respectively). This may be useful to keep different sets of kernel and user-space installations.
When running the uninstall script with a combination of --only-kernel and --only-user produced an undefined result.




ASAP2 Features

Bridge Offloads with VLAN

[ConnectX-4 and above] Added support for bridge offloads with VLAN support that works on top of mlx5 representors in switchdev mode.

Supporting OVS Groups in Fast-Failover Mode

[ConnectX-6 Dx] Improved OVS failover through support for OVS groups in fast-failover mode + VF_LAG configuration with OVS.

Exposing Hairpin Queues Information

[ConnectX-6 Dx and BlueField-2] Added support for exposing hairpin out of buffer drop counter per device. This feature shows buffer drops related only to hairpin queues which were opened on the queried device.

To enable this counting mode (this must be done before any hairpin rules are created), use the following: echo "on <peer_devname>" > /sys/class/net/<dev>/hp_oob_cnt_mode where <peer_devname> is the peer device to which traffic coming to the configured device will be forwarded to for transmission.

To read the drop counter, use the following: cat /sys/class/net/<dev>/hp_oob_cnt

Linux Bridge Offload

[ConnectX-6 Dx and BlueField-2] Added bridge offloads to support bonding (VF LAG), attaching bond device to bridge instead of uplink representors.

VLAN Pop/Push

[ConnectX-6 Dx] Added OOB support for VLAN push on Rx (wire to VF) and VLAN pop on Tx (wire to VF) in switchdev mode.

Offload Forwarding to Multiple Destinations

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for offloading packet replication to up to 32 destination through the use of TC rule.

Slow Path Metering

[ConnectX-4 and above] Expanding the RDMA statistic tool to support setting vendor-specific optional counters dynamically using netlink.
Added to mlx5_ib the following optional counters:

$ rdma statistic mode supported link rocep8s0f0/1
link rocep8s0f0/1 supported optional-counters cc_rx_ce_pkts,cc_rx_cnp_pkts,cc_tx_cnp_pkts

$ sudo rdma statistic set link rocep8s0f0/1 optional-counters cc_rx_ce_pkts,cc_rx_cnp_pkts

$ rdma statistic mode link rocep8s0f0/1
link rocep8s0f0/1 optional-counters cc_rx_ce_pkts,cc_rx_cnp_pkts

$ sudo rdma statistic set link rocep8s0f0/1 optional-counters cc_rx_ce_pkts

$ rdma statistic mode link rocep8s0f0/1
link rocep8s0f0/1 optional-counters cc_rx_ce_pkts

$ sudo rdma statistic unset link rocep8s0f0/1 optional-counters

Core Features

Subfunction Trust Configuration Enhancement

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support via mlxdevm to mark a given PCI subfunction (SF) or virtual function (VF) as a trusted function. The device/firmware decides how to define privileges and access to resources.

Prevent VF Memory Exhaustion

[All] Added support for preventing VF memory exhaustion. This feature exposes a sysfs (to the system admin) which can set a limit on each VF memory consumption.

Note: Currently only supported on Ethernet.

BlueField NIC Separate Reset

[BlueField-2] Added support for resetting the NIC domain of BlueField-2 while keeping ARM alive.

Multiple Steering Priorities for FDB Rules

[ConnectX-6 Dx and BlueField-2] Added support in multiple flow steering priorities for FDB rules.

NetDev Features

Traffic Engineering: Hierarchical QoS

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for offloading the HTB qdisc to the NIC, allowing it to scale better by eliminating a single locking point. The configuration is done with the TC commands.

Note: Kernel 5.15 or higher is required. Limited to 256 nodes.

TLS RX Resynchronization Resiliency Feature Description

[ConnectX-6 Dx and above] Added support for driver resiliency against high load of RX resync operations.

Simultaneous PTP and CQE Compression

Added support for the activation of PTP and CQE compression simultaneously. Since CQE compression might harm the accuracy of the PTP, the feature enables PTP packets to be moved to a dedicated queue where they are not subjected to compression. However, this configuration conflicts with setting aRFS. Turning off CQE compression, causes a hiccup in traffic which may cause a loss of synchronization. To overcome this, restart the synchronization.

Note: This combination is supported only for Ethernet drivers. Other driver profiles, like IPoIB and representors, do not support this combination.

Installation Features

Multiple Development Headers Packages

Allowed installing multiple mlnx-ofa_kernel development headers packages (for different kernel versions of the same mlnx-ofa_kernel package version) side by side on the same system.

Kernel Module Signature

Added signature of kernel modules of EulerOS 2.0 SP8-SP10 (x86_64 and aarch64) builds of MLNX_OFED.

Enable sf-cfg-drv by Default in EulerOS2.0

Enabled SF_CFG (SF config dummy driver, --with-sf-cfg-drv) on EulerOS2.0 SP8 and SP10.





Enlarge Switchdev Tables

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for allowing OVS kernel to support up to 128 matches (groups) per table and 16M entries per group.

Offloading Extended ct_state Flags

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support to offload ct_state flags rpl, inv, and rel.

  • For rpl, support was added for both set and not set matching offload (i.e., +rpl and -rpl).

  • For inv and rel, support was added only for the not set option (i.e., -rel and -inv).


Auxiliary Bus in mlx5 Driver

[ConnectX-4] Updated mlx5 driver to use auxiliary bus in order to integrate different driver components into driver core and optimize module load/unload sequences.


Script Removal from mlnx-ofa_kernel

[General] Moved all Python scripts and some other common scripts out of the mlnx-ofa_kernel packages. This removed the python dependency from that package when rebuilding it and avoided unnecessary errors when rebuilding them for custom kernels.


What-Just-Happened (WJH) in NICs

[ConnectX-4] Added support for WJH in NICs. WJH allows for visibility of dropped packets (i.e., receiving notice of drop counters increase, seeing content of the dropped packets, debugging, and more).
WJH is a service in devlink context and it is already implemented in the switch.
Note: processing dropped packets (even for visibility purposes) may cause a degradation in performance and leaves the driver vulnerable for malicious attacks. The feature is disabled by default.

Supported traps:

  • VLAN mismatch: existing generic trap DEVLINK_TRAP_GENERIC_ID_DMAC_MISMATCH
    Traps received packets with wrong VLAN tag

  • DMAC mismatch: new generic trap DEVLINK_TRAP_GENERIC_ID_DMAC_MISMATCH
    Traps received packets with wrong destination MAC

Support added in user-space (N/A or package name + version): Devlink infrastructure (

Devlink provides an infrastructure called devlink trap which allow a device to register/unregister and to enable/disable traps. Devlink traps also provide traps grouping and policing. The trapped packets are monitored and then forward to the drop monitor. Drop monitor is used to send notifications to user space about dropped packets.Note: For this release, NIC WJH will not implement the policy.

ethtool Extended Link State

[General] Added ethtool extended link state to mlx5e.
ethtool can be used to get more information to help troubleshoot the state.
For example, if there is no link due to missing cable, run the following:
$ ethtool eth1
Link detected: no (No cable)

Besides the general extended state, drivers can pass additional information about the link state using the sub-state field.
$ ethtool eth1
Link detected: no (Autoneg, No partner detected)

The extended state is available only for some cases of no link. In other cases, ethtool will print only "Link detected: no" as it did before.


DV "Signature API"

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for "Signature API" which, on supported devices, allows application-level data-integrity checks via a signature handover mechanism. Various signature types, including CRC32 and T10-DIF, can be automatically calculated and checked, stripped, or appended during the transfer at full wire speed.

ibv_query_qp_data_in_order() verb

[General] Added support for ibv_query_qp_data_in_order() API. This API enables an application to check if the given QP data is guaranteed to be in order, enabling poll for data instead of poll for completion.

Relaxed Ordering for Kernel ULPs

[ConnectX-4] Added support for enabling Relaxed Ordering for Kernel ULPs. Using relaxed ordering can improve performance in some setups. Since kernel ULPs are expected to support RO, it is enabled for them by default so they can benefit from it.

ah_to_qp Mapping

[ConnectX-6 Dx] Added support for mapping a QP to AH over DEVX API, which enables DC/UD QPs to use multiple CC algorithms in the same data center.

Steering UserSpace

Matching on RAW Tunnel Headers

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added DR support for matching on RAW tunnel headers using the misc5 parameters, This feature allows matching on each bit of the header, inducing reserved fields.

Software Steering Insertion Rate Optimizations

[ConnectX-6 Dx] Added support for better insertion rate in software steering. This includes multi-QP which skips areas in the code that may be for debug only.

Software Steering Rule Optimization

[ConnectX-6 Dx] Improved rate of updating steering rules, insertion, and deletion. The feature includes definers, multi-qp approach, and better memory usage.

Duplicate Rules Insertion

[ConnectX-5 and above] Added support for ability to allow or prevent insertion of duplicate rules, so the user can choose one of the following behaviors:
1. Prevent duplicate rules, so that already-existing rule and fail can be detected.
2. Allow duplicate rules, to enable updating the rule's action (this will only take effect once the previous rule is deleted).

By default, duplicate rules are allowed.

Improved Software Steering Rule Creation Stability

[ConnectX-6 Dx] Made it so that all rule's insertion occur in a defined time using defined (export) size of Htble and decreased use of dynamic allocation.



MLNX_EN 5.2-

Supported NICs: ConnectX-5 and above

Rx Multi-strides CQE Compression

Added CQE compression support for Rx multi-strides packets.

Multi-application QoS

Added support for configuring QoS on a single QP or on a group of QPs.

MPLS-over-UDP Hardware Offload Support

Added support for encap/decap hardware offload of IPv4 traffic over MPLS-over-UDP. This can be used in networks with MPLS routers to achieve more efficient routing.

Connection Tracking with Hairpin

Added support for adding connection tracking rules on VFs to forward traffic from one VF to the other.

sFlow Sampling Rules Offload

Added support for offloading sFlow sampling rules.
sFlow is an industry standard technology for monitoring high speed switched networks. Open vSwitch integrated sFlow to extend the visibility into virtual servers, ensuring data center visibility and control. Added support for offloading sFlow sampling rules.

Supported NICs: BlueField/BlueField-2, ConnectX-5 & ConnectX-6 Dx

mlx5dv_dr Software Steering Parallel Rules Insertion

Added support for a locking mechanism to enable parallel insertion of rules into the software steering using the mlx5dv_dr API. The parallel insertion improves the insertion rate and takes place when adding Rx and Tx rules via the FDB domain.

mlx5dv_dr API Matching on Geneve Tunnel

Added support for the option to match mlx5dv_dr API on Geneve tunnel using a dynamic flex parser. The option header consists of class, type, length and data. The parser should be configured using devx command, after which a rule can be created to match on parser ID and data.

OVS-DPDK Geneve Encap/Decap

Added support for Geneve tunneling offload, including matching on extension header.

OVS-DPDK Parallel Offloads

Added support for parallel insertion and deletion of offloaded rules using multiple OVS threads.

Supported NICs: BlueField-2 & ConnectX-6 Dx

GTP-U TEID Modification

[Beta] Added support to modify GTP-U TEID. This support requires flex parser configuration.

OVS-DPDK E2E Cache Support

[Beta] Improved performance of OVS Connection Tracking flows by enabling the merge of the multi-table flow matches and actions into one joint flow.

Supported NICs: ConnectX-6 Dx and above

Tx Port Time-Stamping

Transmitted packet timestamping accuracy can be improved when using a timestamp generated at the port level instead of a timestamp generated upon CQE creation. Tx port time-stamping better reflects the actual time of a packet's transmission.

This feature is disabled by default. The feature can be enabled or disabled using the following command.

ethtool --set-priv-flags <ifs-name> tx_port_ts on / off

For further information on this feature, please see Tx Port Time-Stamping.

Tunnel Rules Offload

Added support for offloading tunnel rules when the source interface is VF (in addition to uplink) in the Hypervisor.

Added support for offloading tunnel rules when the source interface is OpenvSwitch bridge (internal port).

Connection Tracking Mirroring Offload

Added support for using Mirroring Offload with Connection Tracking.

mlx5dv_dr API ASO Flow Meter

Added support for ASO flow meter using the mlx5dv_dr API, which allows for monitoring the packet rate for specific flows. When a packet hits a flow that is connected to a flow meter, the rate of packets through this meter is evaluated, and the packet is marked with a color copied into one of the C registers, according to the current rate compared to the reference rate.

mlx5dv_dr API ASO First Hit

Added support for ASO first hit using the mlx5dv_dr API, which allows for tracking rule hits by packets. When a packet hits a rule with the ASO first hit action, a flag is set indicating this event, and the original value of the flag is copied to one of the C registers.

mlx5dv_dr API GTP-U Extension Header

Added mlx5dv_dr API support for matching on a new field "gtpu_first_ext_dw_0". This field enables packet filtering based on the GTP-U first extension header (first dword only). To enable parsing of tunnel GTP-U extension header, run the following command.


Supported NICs: ConnectX-6 Lx and above

IPsec Offload

Added IPsec full offload support for extended sequence number, replay protection window and lifetime packet limit.

Supported NICs: All

Firmware Upgrade

Firmware upgrade during MLNX_EN installation is now done on all supported devices simultaneously rather than consecutively.

RDMA-CM Disassociate Support

Added support for connecting kernel and RDMA-CM in a reliable way based on device index.

New Query GID API

Added support for a new query GID API that allows for querying a single GID entry by its port and GID index, or querying for all GID tables of a specific device. This API works over ioctl instead of sysfs, which accelerates the querying process.

Multi-Host Firmware Reset

Added support for performing multi-host firmware reset in order to upgrade the device firmware.

Firmware reset loads the new firmware in case it was burnt on the flash and was pending activation, and reloads the current firmware image from the flash in case no new firmware was pending.

Firmware Live Patching

[Alpha] Added support for firmware live patching in the driver. Live patching updates the firmware without the need to perform firmware reset. However, it can only be applied in scenarios where the difference between the current and new firmware versions are minor, which is decided upon by the firmware itself.

Devlink Firmware Reset

Added support in the devlink tool for performing firmware reset in order to upgrade the device firmware.

Firmware reset loads the new firmware in case it was burnt on the flash and was pending activation, and reloads the current firmware image from the flash in case no new firmware was pending.

For further information, please refer to the the devlink man page.

Note: In order for the firmware reset to run successfully, the following conditions should be met.

  • Each function should have the driver up and active with a version that supports this feature

  • None of the functions has the devlink parameter enable_remote_dev_reset set to False.


The current MLNX_EN does not include the latest iproute2 version that provides support for this feature. Therefore, to be able to work with it, make sure to install the latest iproute2 version available on Github.

Command Interface Resiliency

Added a resiliency mechanism for the driver to manually poll the command event queue (EQ) in case of a command timeout. In case the resiliency mechanism finds unhandled event queue entry (EQE) due to a lost interrupt, the driver will handle it, after which the command interface returns to a healthy state.

Offloaded Traffic Sniffer

Setting a sniffer private flag is deprecated and no longer required. In order to capture offloaded/RoCE traffic, tcpdump can now be run on the RDMA device.

Devlink Port Health Reporters

Added per-port reporters to devlink health to manage per-port health activities. Users can now access the devlink port reporters by specifying the port index in addition to the device devlink name through the devlink health commands API. This update was first introduced in iproute2 v5.8. As part of this feature, mlx5e Tx and Rx reporters are now redefined as devlink port reporters. For examples, please see devlink-health manpage.

Memory Registration Optimization

Optimized memory consumption of memory registration in huge page systems. As an example, in a 2MB huge page system, 600 MB would be saved for 100 GB memory registration.

mlx5dv API

Added support for mlx5dv API to modify the configured UDP source port for RoCE packets of a given RC/UC QP when QP is in RTS state.

Enhanced Tx Multi-packet WQE (MPWQE)

Added support for accelerating Tx datapath by saving PCI bandwidth and CPU utilization. The savings are achieved by aggregating multiple packets into a single WQE. The feature is driven by xmit_more for certain traffic types, such as UDP.

Innova IPsec

Innova IPsec NIC Support

Removed support for the network adapter Innova IPsec (EN).

Supported NICs: All

Bug Fixes

See .Bug Fixes v5.3- section.



Rev 5.1-

Adapters: ConnectX-4 and above

IP-in-IP RSS Offload

Added support for receive side scaling (RSS) offload in IP-in-IP (IPv4 and IPv6).

Devlink Port Support in Non-representor Mode

Added support for viewing the mlx5e physical devlink ports using the 'devlink port' command. This also may affect network interface names, if predictable naming scheme is configured. Suffix indicating a port number will be added to interface name.

Devlink Health State Notifications

Added support for receiving notifications on devlink health state changes when an error is reported or recovered by one of the reporters. These notifications can be seen using the userspace ‘devlink monitor’ command.

Legacy SR-IOV VF LAG Load Balancing

When VF LAG is in use, round-robin the Tx affinity of channels among the different ports, if supported by the firmware, enables all SQs of a channel to share the same port affinity. This allows the distribution of traffic sent from a VF between two ports, as well as round-robin the starting port among VFs to distribute traffic originating from single-core VMs.

RDMA-CM DevX Support

Added support for DevX in RDMA-CM applications.

RoCEv2 Flow Label and UDP Source Port Definition

This feature provides flow label and UDP source port definition in RoCE v2. Those fields are used to create entropy for network routes (ECMP), load balancers and 802.3ad link aggregation switching that are not aware of RoCE headers.

RDMA Tx Steering

Enabled RDMA Tx steering flow table. Rules in this flow table will allow for steering transmitted RDMA traffic.

Custom Parent-Domain Allocators for CQ

Enabled specific custom allocations for CQs.

mlx5dv Helper APIs for Tx Affinity Port Selection

Added support for the following mlx5dv helper APIs which enable the user application to query or set a RAW QP's Tx affinity port number in a LAG configuration.

  • mlx5dv_query_qp_lag_port

  • mlx5dv_modify_qp_lag_port

RDMA-CM Path Alignment

Added support for RoCE network path alignment between RDMA-CM message and QP data. The drivers and network components in RoCE calculate the same hash results for egress port selection both on the NICs and the switches.

CQ and QP Context Exposure

Exposed QP, CQ and MR context in raw format via RDMA tool.

In-Driver xmit_more

Enabled xmit_more feature by default in kernels that lack Rx bulking support (v4.19 and above) to ensure optimized IP forwarding performance when stress from Rx to Tx flow is insufficient.

In kernels with Rx bulking support, xmit_more is disabled in the driver by default, but can be enabled to achieve enhanced IP forwarding performance.

Relaxed Ordering

Relaxed ordering is a PCIe feature which allows flexibility in the transaction order over the PCIe. This reduces the number of retransmissions on the lane, and increases performance up to 4 times.

By default, mlx5e buffers are created with Relaxed Ordering support when firmware capabilities are on and the PCI subsystem reports that CPU is not on the kernel's blocklist.

Note: Some CPUs which are not listed in the kernel's blocklist may suffer from buggy implementation of relaxed ordering, in which case the user may experience a degradation in performance and even unexpected behavior. To turn off relaxed ordering and restore previous behavior, run setpci command as instructed here. Example:

"RlxdOrd-“ : setpci -s82:00.0 CAP_EXP+8.w=294e

ODP Huge Pages Support

Enabled ODP Memory Region (MR) to work with huge pages by exposing IBV_ACCESS_HUGETLB access flag to indicate that the MR range is mapped by huge pages.

The flag is applicable only in conjunction with IBV_ACCESS_ON_DEMAND.

Offloaded Traffic Sniffer

Removed support for Offloaded Traffic Sniffer feature and replaced its function with Upstream solution tcpdump tool.

Adapters: ConnectX-5 and above

Connection Tracking Offload

Added support for offloading TC filters containing connection tracking matches and actions.

Dual-Port RoCE Support

Enabled simultaneous operation of dual-port RoCE and Ethernet in SwitchDev mode.

IP-in-IP Tunnel Offload for Checksum and TSO

Added support for the driver to offload checksum and TSO in IP-in-IP tunnels.

Packet Pacing DevX Support

Enabled RiverMax to work over DevX with packet pacing functionality by exposing a few DV APIs from rdma-core to enable allocating/destroying a packet pacing index. For further details on usage, see man page for: mlx5dv_pp_alloc() and mlx5dv_pp_free().

Software Steering Support for Memory Reclaiming

Added support for reclaiming device memory to the system when it is not in use. This feature is disabled by default and can be enabled using the command mlx5dv_dr_domain_set_reclaim_device_memory().

SR-IOV Live Migration

[Beta] Added support for performing a live migration for a VM with an SR-IOV NIC VF attached to it and with minimal to no traffic disruption. This feature is supported in SwitchDev mode; enabling users to fully leverage VF TC/OVS offloads, where the failover inbox driver is in the Guest VM, and the bonding driver is in the Hypervisor.

Note that you must use the latest QEMU and libvirt from the Upstream sources.

Uplink Representor Modes

Removed support for new_netdev mode in SwitchDev mode. The new default behaviour is to always keep the NIC netdev.

OVS-DPDK Offload Statistics

Added support for dumping connection tracking offloaded statistics.

OVS-DPDK Connection Tracking Labels Exact Matching

Added support for labels exact matching in OVS-DPDK CT openflow rules.

Kernel Software Managed Flow Steering (SMFS) Performance

Improved the performance of Kernel software steering by reducing its memory consumption.

Adapters: ConnectX-5 & ConnectX-6 Dx


Added support for LAG (modes 1,2,4) with OVS-DPDK.

Adapters: ConnectX-6 and above

Get FEC Status on PAM4/50G

Allowed configuration of Reed Solomon and Low Latency Reed Solomon over PAM4 link modes.

RDMA-CM Enhanced Connection Establishment (ECE)

Added support for allowing automatic enabling/disabling of vendor specific features during connection establishment between network nodes, which is performed over RDMA-CM messaging interface.

RoCE Selective Repeat

This feature introduces a new QP retransmission mode in RoCE in which dropped packet recovery is done by re-sending the packet instead of re-sending the PSN window only (Go-Back-N protocol). This feature is enabled by default when RDMA-CM is being used and both connection nodes support it.

Adapters: ConnectX-6 Dx & BlueField-2

IPsec Full Offload

[Beta] Added support for IPsec full offload (VxLAN over ESP transport).

Hardware vDPA on OVS-DPDK

Added support for configuring hardware vDPA on OVS-DPDK. This support includes the option to fall back to Software vDPA in case the NIC installed on the driver does not support hardware vDPA.

Adapters: ConnectX-6 Dx

IPsec Crypto Offloads

Support for IPsec Crypto Offloads feature over ConnectX-6 Dx devices and up is now at GA level.

TLS Tx Hardware Offload

Support for TLS Tx Hardware Offload feature over ConnectX-6 Dx devices and up is now at GA level.

TLS Rx Hardware Offload

[Alpha] Added support for hardware offload decryption of TLS Rx traffic over crypto-enabled ConnectX-6 Dx NICs and above.

Userspace Software Steering ConnectX-6 Dx Support

Support for software steering on ConnectX-6 Dx adapter cards in the user-space RDMA-Core library through the mlx5dv_dr API is now at GA level.

Kernel Software Steering ConnectX-6 Dx Support

[Beta] Added support for kernel software steering on ConnectX-6 Dx adapter cards.

Adapters: ConnectX-6 Lx


Added support for ConnectX-6 Lx adapter cards.

Adapters: All

RDMA-Core Migration

As of MLNX_EN v5.1, Legacy verbs libraries have been fully replaced by RDMA-Core library.

For the list of new APIs used for various MLNX_EN features, please refer to the Migration to RDMA-Core document.

Firmware Reactivation

Added support for safely inserting consecutive firmware images without the need to reset the NIC in between.

UCX-CUDA Support

UCX-CUDA is now supported on the following OSs and platforms.



RedHat 7.6 ALT


RedHat 7.7


RedHat 7.8


RedHat 7.9


RedHat 8.1


RedHat 8.2



The hcoll package includes a CUDA plugin ( As of MLNX_EN v5.1, it is built on various platforms as the package hcoll-cuda. It will be installed by default if the system has CUDA 10-2 installed.


  • If you install MLNX_EN from a package repository, you will need to install the package hcoll-cuda explicitly to be able to use it.

  • HCOLL-CUDA is supported on the same OSs that include support for UCX-CUDA (listed in the table above), except for RedHat 8.1 and 8.2.

GPUDirect Storage (GDS)

[Beta] Added support for the new technology of GDS (GPUDirect Storage) which enables a direct data path between local or remote storage, such as NFS, NVMe or NVMe over Fabric (NVMe-oF), and GPU memory. Both GPUDirect RDMA and GPUDirect Storage avoid extra copies through a bounce buffer in the CPU's memory. They enable the direct memory access (DMA) engine near the NIC or storage to move data on a direct path into or out of GPU memory, without burdening the CPU or GPU.

To enable the feature, run ./install --with-nfsrdma –-with-nvmf --enable-gds --add-kernel-support

To get access to GDS Beta, please reach out to the GDS team at

For the list of operating systems on which GDS is supported, see here.

Bug Fixes

See “.Bug Fixes v5.3-" section.



Rev 5.0-

Adapters: ConnectX-6 Dx


Added support for ConnectX-6 Dx adapter cards.

Userspace Software Steering ConnectX-6 Dx Support

[Beta] Added support for software steering on ConnectX-6 Dx adapter cards in the user-space RDMA-Core library through the mlx5dv_dr API.

Adapters: ConnectX-6 Dx and above

Virtual Output Queuing (VoQ) Counters

Exposed rx_prio[p]_buf_discard, rx_prio[p]_wred_discard and rx_prio[p]_marked firmware counters that count the number of packets that were dropped due to insufficient resources.

IPsec Crypto Offloads

[Beta] IPsec crypto offloads are now supported on ConnectX-6 Dx devices and up. The offload functions use the existing ip xfrm tool to activate offloads on the device. It supports transport/tunnel mode with AES-GCM IPsec scheme.

TLS TX Hardware Offload

[Alpha] Added support for hardware offload encryption of TLS traffic.

VirtIO Acceleration through Datapath I/O Processor (vDPA)

Added support to enable mapping the VirtIO access region (VAR) to be used for doorbells by vDPA applications. Specifically, the following DV APIs were introduced (see man page for more details):

  • mlx5dv_alloc_var()

  • mlx5dv_free_var()

Adapters: ConnectX-5 and above

Resource Allocation on External Memory

Added support to enable overriding mlx5 internal allocations in order to let applications allocate some resources on external memory, such as that of the GPU.

The above is achieved by extending the parent domain object with custom allocation callbacks. Currently supported verbs objects are: QP, DBR, RWQ, SRQ.

Hardware Clock Exposure

Added support for querying the adapter clock via mlx5dv_query_device.

ODP Diagnostic Counters

Added ODP diagnostics counters for the following items per MR (memory region) within IB/mlx5 driver:

  1. Page faults: Total number of faulted pages.

  2. Page invalidations: Total number of pages invalidated by the OS during all invalidation events. The translations can no longer be valid due to either non-present pages or mapping changes.

  3. Prefetched pages: When prefetching a page, a page fault is generated in order to bring the page to the main memory.

Devlink Health CR-Space Dump

Added the option to dump configuration space via the devlink tool in order to improve debug capabilities.

Multi-packet TX WQE Support for XDP Transmit Flows

The conventional TX descriptor (WQE or Work Queue Element) describes a single packet for transmission. Added driver support for the HW feature of multi-packet TX WQEs in XDP transmit flows. With this, the HW becomes capable of working with a new and improved WQE layout that describes several packets. In effect, this feature saves PCI bandwidth and transactions, and improves transmit packet rate.

OVS-Kernel ToS Rewrite

Added support for Type of Service (ToS) rewrite in the OVS-Kernel.

OVS-Kernel Mirroring

Added support for mirroring output in SwitchDev mode in the OVS-Kernel. The mirroring port may either be a local or a remote VF, using VxLAN or GRE encapsulations.

GENEVE Encap/Decap Rules Offload

Added support for GENEVE encapsulation/decapsulation rules offload.

GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) Header

[Beta] Added support for matching (filtering) GTP header-based packets using mlx5dv_dr API over user-space RDMA-Core library.

Multi Packet Tx WQE Support for XDP Transmit Flows

Added driver support for the hardware feature of multi-packet Tx to work with a new and improved WQE layout that describes several packets instead of a single packet for XDP transmission flows. This saves PCI bandwidth and transactions, and improves transmit packet rate.

Userspace Software Steering Debugging API

[Beta] Added support for software steering to dump flows for debugging purposes in the user-space RDMA-Core library through the mlx5dv_dr API.

Kernel Software Steering for Connection Tracking (CT)

[Beta] Added support for updating CT rules using the software steering mechanism.

Kernel Software Steering Remote Mirroring

[Beta] Added support for updating remote mirroring rules using the software steering mechanism.

Adapters: ConnectX-4 and above

Discard Counters

Exposed rx_prio[p]_discards discard counters per priority that count the number of received packets dropped due to lack of buffers on the physical port.

MPLS Traffic

Added support for reporting TSO and CSUM offload capabilities for MPLS tagged traffic and, allowed the kernel stack to use these offloads.

mlx5e Max Combined Channels

Increased the driver’s maximal combined channels value from 64 to 128 (however, note that OOB value will not cross 64).
128 is the upper bound. Lower maximal value can be seen on the host, depending on the number of cores and MSIX's configured by the firmware.

RoCE Accelerator Counters

Added the following RoCE accelerator counters:

  • roce_adp_retrans - counts the number of adaptive retransmissions for RoCE traffic

  • roce_adp_retrans_to - counts the number of times RoCE traffic reached timeout due to adaptive retransmission

  • roce_slow_restart - counts the number of times RoCE slow restart was used

  • roce_slow_restart_cnps - counts the number of times RoCE slow restart generated CNP packets

  • roce_slow_restart_trans - counts the number of times RoCE slow restart changed state to slow restart

All Adapters

Migration to RDMA-Core

The default installation of the userspace is now the RDMA-Core library instead of the legacy verbs. This achieves most of the legacy experimental verbs’ functionalities, and more.

For NVIDIA VMA or NVIDIA RiverMax, use experimental verbs (prefix “ibv_exp”).

For further information on the migration to RDMA-Core and the list of new APIs used for various MLNX_EN features, please refer to the Migration to RDMA-Core document.

ibdev2netdev Tool Output

ibdev2netdev tool output was changed such that the bonding device now points at the bond instead of the slave interface.

Memory Region

Added support for the user to register memory regions with a relaxed ordering access flag. This can enhance performance, depending on architecture and scenario.

Devlink Health Reporters

Added support for monitoring and recovering from errors that occur on the RX queue, such as cookie errors and timeout.

GSO Optimization

Improved GSO (Generic Segmentation Offload) workload performance by decreasing doorbells usage to the minimum required.

TX CQE Compression

Added support for TX CQE (Completion Queue Element) compression. Saves on outgoing PCIe bandwidth by compressing CQEs together. Disabled by default. Configurable via private flags of ethtool.

Firmware Versions Query via Devlink

Added the option to query for running and stored firmware versions using the devlink tool.

Firmware Flash Update via Devlink

Added the option to update the firmware image in the flash using the devlink tool.

Usage: devlink dev flash <dev> file <file_name>.mfa2

For further information on how to perform this update, see "Updating Firmware Using ethtool/devlink and .mfa2 File" section in MFT User Manual.

Devlink Health WQE Dump

Added support for WQE (Work Queue Element) dump, triggered by an error on Rx/Tx reporters. In addition, some dumps (not triggered by an error) can be retrieved by the user via devlink health reporters.

GENEVE Tunnel Stateless Offload

Added support for GENEVE tunneled hardware offloads of TSO, CSUM and RSS.

TCP Segmentation and Checksum Offload

Added TCP segmentation and checksum offload support for MPLS-tagged traffic.

Bug Fixes

See “.Bug Fixes v5.3-" section.



Rev 4.7-

Uplink Representor Modes

Added support for the following Uplink Representor modes:

  1. new_netdev: default mode - when found in this mode, the uplink representor is created as a new netdevice

  2. nic_netdev: when found in this mode, the NIC netdevice acts as an uplink representor device


echo nic_netdev > /sys/class/net/ens1f0/compat/devlink/uplink_rep_mode


  • The mode can only be changed when found in Legacy mode

  • The mode is not saved when reloading mlx5_core


Added new mlx5_core module parameter "num_of_groups", which controls the number of large groups in the FDB flow table.

Note: In MLNX_OFED v4.6-, the default value of num_of_groups was 15, while in the current MLNX_OFED v4.7-3, the default value is 4. In order to achieve the same OOB experience, make sure to set the num_of_groups module parameter to 15 prior to driver load.

For further information, please refer to Performance Tuning Based on Traffic Patterns section in MLNX_OFED User Manual.

VFs Groups Minimum Bandwidth Rate

Added support for setting a minimum bandwidth rate on a group of VFs (BW guarantee) to ensure this group is able to transmit at least the amount of bandwidth specified on the wire.

Direct Verbs Support for Batch Counters on Root Table

Added support for mlx5dv_dr API to set batch counters for root tables.

Modify Header

Added support for mlx5dv_dr_actions to support up to 32 modify actions.

mlx5dv_dr Memory Consumption

Reduced the mlx5dv_dr API memory consumption by improving the memory allocator.

mlx5dv_dr Memory Allocation

Reduced memory allocation time when using the mlx5dv_dr API. This is particularly significant for the first inserted rules on which memory is allocated.

Mediated Devices

Added support for mediated devices that allows the creation of accelerated devices without SR-IOV on the Bluefield® system.

For further information on mediated devices and how to configure them, please refer to Mediated Devices section in MLNX_EN User Manual.



Rev 4.7-

HCAs: ConnectX-4 and above

Counters Monitoring

Added support for monitoring selected counters and generating a notification event (Monitor_Counter_Change event) upon changes made to these counters.
The counters to be monitored are selected using the SET_MONITOR_COUNTER command.

EEPROM Device Thresholds via Ethtool

Added support to read additional EEPROM information from high pages of modules such as SFF-8436 and SFF-8636. Such information can be: 1. Application Select table 2. User writable EEPROM 3. Thresholds and alarms - Ethtool dump works on active cables only (e.g. optic), but thresholds and alarms can be read with “offset” and “length” parameters in any cable by running: ethtool -m <DEVNAME> offset X length Y

RDMA_RX RoCE Steering Support

Added the ability to create rules to steer RDMA traffic, with two destinations supported: DevX object and QP. Multiple priorities are also supported.

HCAs: ConnectX-5 and above


Incorporated the documentation of Accelerated Switching And Packet Processing (ASAP2): Hardware Offloading for vSwitches into MLNX_OFED Release Notes and User Manual.

HCAs: All

MLNX_OFED Installation via Repository

The repository providing legacy verbs has been moved from RPMS or DEBS folders to RPMS/MLNX_LIBS and DEBS/MLNX_LIBS.

In addition, a new repository providing RDMA-Core based userspace has been added to RPMS/UPSTREAM_LIBS and DEBS/UPSTREAM_LIBS.



Rev 4.6-

HCAs: ConnectX-3/ConnectX-3 Pro

Devlink Configuration Parameters Tool

Added support for a set of configuration parameters that can be changed by the user through the Devlink user interface.

HCAs: ConnectX-4 and above

ODP Pre-fetch

Added support for pre-fetching a range of an on-demand paging (ODP) memory region (MR), this way reducing latency by making pages present with RO/RW permissions before the actual IO is conducted.

DevX Privilege Enforcement

Enforced DevX privilege by firmware. This enables future device functionality without the need to make driver changes unless a new privilege type is introduced.

DevX Interoperability APIs

Added support for modifying and/or querying for a verb object (including CQ, QP, SRQ, WQ, and IND_TBL APIs) via the DevX interface.

This enables interoperability between verbs and DevX.

DevX Asynchronous Query Commands

Added support for running QUERY commands over the DevX interface in an asynchronous mode. This enables applications to issue many commands in parallel while firmware processes the commands.

DevX User-space PRM Handles Exposure

Exposed all PRM handles to user-space so DevX user application can mix verbs objects with DevX objects.

For example: Take the cqn from the created ibv_cq and use it on a devx)create(QP).

Indirect Mkey ODP

Added the ability to create indirect Mkeys with ODP support over DevX interface.

XDP Redirect

Added support for XDP_REDIRECT feature for both ingress and egress sides. Using this feature, incoming packets on one interface can be redirected very quickly into the transmission queue of another capable interface. Typically used for load balancing.

RoCE Disablement

Added the option to disable RoCE traffic handling. This enables forwarding of traffic over UDP port 4791 that is handled as RoCE traffic when RoCE is enabled.

When RoCE is disabled, there is no GID table, only Raw Ethernet QP type is supported and RoCE traffic is handled as regular Ethernet traffic.

Forward Error Correction (FEC) Encoding

Added the ability to query and modify Forward Error Correction (FEC) encoding, as well as disabling it via Ethtool.

RAW Per-Lane Counters Exposure

Exposed RAW error counters per cable-module lane via ethtool stats. The counters show the number of errors before FEC correction (if enabled).

For further information, please see phy_raw_errors_lane[i] under Physical Port Counters section in Understanding mlx5 ethtool Counters Community post.

HCAs: ConnectX-4 Lx and above


Added support for High Availability and load balancing for Virtual Functions of different physical ports in SwitchDev SR-IOV mode.

HCAs: ConnectX-5 and above

ASAP2 Offloading VXLAN Decapsulation with HW LRO

Added support for performing hardware Large Receive Offload (HW LRO) on VFs with HW-decapsulated VXLAN.
For further information on the VXLAN decapsulation feature, please refer to ASAP2 User Manual under → Products → Software → ASAP2.

PCI Atomic Operations

Added the ability to run atomic operations on local memory without involving verbs API or compromising the operation's atomicity.

HCAs: ConnectX-5

Virtual Ethernet Port Aggregator (VEPA)

Added support for activating/deactivating Virtual Ethernet Port Aggregator (VEPA) mode on a single virtual function (VF). To turn on VEPA on the second VF, run:
echo ON > /sys/class/net/enp59s0/device/sriov/1/vepa

VFs Rate Limit

Added support for setting a rate limit on groups of Virtual Functions rather on an individual Virtual Function.

HCAs: ConnectX-6

ConnectX-6 Support

[Beta] Added support for ConnectX-6 (VPI only) adapter cards.

NOTE: In HDR installations that are built with remotely managed Quantum-based switches, the switch’s firmware must be upgraded to version 27.2000.1142 prior to upgrading the HCA’s (ConnectX-6) firmware to version 20.25.1500. When using ConnectX-6 HCAs with firmware v20.25.1500 and connecting them to Quantum-based switches, make sure the Quantum firmware version is 27.2000.1142 in order to avoid any critical link issues.

Ethtool 200Gbps

ConnectX-6 hardware introduces support for 200Gbps and 50Gbps-per-lane link mode. MLNX_OFED supports full backward compatibility with previous configurations.

Note that in order to advertise newly added link-modes, the full bitmap related to the link modes must be advertised from ethtool man page. For the full bitmap list per link mode, please refer to MLNX_OFED User Manual.

NOTE: This feature is firmware-dependent. Currently, ConnectX-6 Ethernet firmware supports up to 100Gbps only. Thus, this capability may not function properly using the current driver and firmware versions.

PCIe Power State

Added support for the following PCIe power state indications to be printed to dmesg:

  1. Info message #1: PCIe slot power capability was not advertised.

  2. Warning message: Detected insufficient power on the PCIe slot (xxxW).

  3. Info message #2: PCIe slot advertised sufficient power (xxxW).
    When indication #1 or #2 appear in dmesg, user should make sure to use a PCIe slot that is capable of supplying the required power.

HCAs: mlx5 Driver

Message Signaled
Interrupts-X (MSI-X)

Added support for using a single MSI-X vector for all control event queues instead of one MSI-X vector per queue in a virtual function driver. This frees extra MSI-X vectors to be used for completion event queue, allowing for additional traffic channels in the network device.

Send APIs

Introduced a new set of QP Send operations (APIs) which allows extensibility for new Send opcodes.

HCAs: BlueField

BlueField Support

BlueField is now fully supported as part of the NVIDIA OFED mainstream version sharing the same code baseline with all the adapters product line.

Representor Name Change

In SwitchDev mode:

  • Uplink representors are now called p0/p1

  • Host PF representors are now called pf0hpf/pf1hpf

  • VF representors are now called pf0vfN/pf1vfN

ECPF Net Devices

In SwitchDev mode, net devices enp3s0f0 and enp3s0f1 are no longer created.

Setting Host MAC and Tx Rate Limit from ECPF

Expanded to support VFs as well as the host PFs.

HCAs: All

RDMA-CM Application Managed QP

Added support for the RDMA application to manage its own QPs and use RDMA-CM only for exchanging Address information.

RDMA-CM QP Timeout Control

Added a new option to rdma_set_option that allows applications to override the RDMA-CM's QP ACK timeout value.


As of MLNX_OFED v5.0 release (Q1 2020) onwards, MLNX_OFED Verbs API will be migrated from the legacy version of the user space verbs libraries (libibervs, libmlx5 ..) to the upstream version rdma-core.
More details are available in MLNX_OFED user manual under Installing Upstream rdma-core Libraries.




HCAs: ConnectX-5

VFs per PF

Increased the amount of maximum virtual functions (VF) that can be allocated to a physical function (PF) to 127 VF.

HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

SW-Defined UDP Source Port for RoCE v2

UDP source port for RoCE v2 packets is now calculated by the driver rather than the firmware, achieving better distribution and less congestion. This mechanism works for RDMA- CM QPs only, and ensures that RDMA connection messages and data messages have the same UDP source port value.

HCAs: mlx5 Driver

Local Loopback Disable

Added the ability to manually disable Local Loopback regardless of the number of open user-space transport domains.

HCAs: ConnectX-6

Adapter Cards

Added support for ConnectX-6 Ready. For further information, please contact NVIDIA Support.

HCAs: All

Bug Fixes

See “.Bug Fixes v5.3-" section.


HCAs: All

Operating Systems

Added support for additional OSs. See ".General Support in MLNX_EN v5.3-" section.


HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

Adaptive Interrupt Moderation

Added support for adaptive Tx, which optimizes the moderation values of the Tx CQs on runtime for maximum throughput with minimum CPU overhead.

This mode is enabled by default.

Updated Adaptive Rx to ignore ACK packets so that queues that only handle ACK packets remain with the default moderation.

Docker Containers [Beta]

Added support for Docker containers to run over Virtual RoCE and InfiniBand devices using SR-IOV mode.

Firmware Tracer

Added a new mechanism for the device’s FW/HW to log important events into the event tracing system (/sys/kernel/debug/tracing) without requiring any NVIDIA-specific tool.

Note: This feature is enabled by default.


Accelerated the original cr-dump by optimizing the reading process of the device’s CR-Space snapshot.

HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx

VST Q-in-Q

Added support for C-tag (0x8100) VLAN insertion to tagged packets in VST mode.

HCAs: ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

OVS Offload using ASAP2

Added support for NVIDIA Accelerated Switching And Packet Processing (ASAP2) technology, which allows OVS offloading by handling OVS data-plane, while maintaining OVS control-plane unmodified. OVS Offload using ASAP2 technology provides significantly higher OVS performance without the associated CPU load.

For further information, refer to ASAP2 Release Notes under → Products → Software → ASAP2.


HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

Adaptive Interrupt Moderation

Added support for adaptive Tx, which optimizes the moderation values of the Tx CQs on runtime for maximum throughput with minimum CPU overhead.

This mode is enabled by default.

Updated Adaptive Rx to ignore ACK packets so that queues that only handle ACK packets remain with the default moderation.

Docker Containers [Beta]

Added support for Docker containers to run over Virtual RoCE and InfiniBand devices using SR-IOV mode.

Firmware Tracer

Added a new mechanism for the device’s FW/HW to log important events into the event tracing system (/sys/kernel/debug/tracing) without requiring any NVIDIA-specific tool.

Note: This feature is enabled by default.


Accelerated the original cr-dump by optimizing the reading process of the device’s CR-Space snapshot.

HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx

VST Q-in-Q

Added support for C-tag (0x8100) VLAN insertion to tagged packets in VST mode.

HCAs: ConnectX-4

HCAs: ConnectX-5/ConnectX-4 Lx

OVS Offload using ASAP2

Added support for NVIDIA Accelerated Switching And Packet Processing (ASAP2) technology, which allows OVS offloading by handling OVS data-plane, while maintaining OVS control-plane unmodified. OVS Offload using ASAP2 technology provides significantly higher OVS performance without the associated CPU load.

For further information, refer to ASAP2 Release Notes under → Products → Software → ASAP2.

HCAs: All


HCAs: ConnectX-5

Erasure Coding
Offload verbs

Added support for erasure coding offload software verbs (encode/decode/update API) supporting a number of redundancy blocks (m) greater than 4.

HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

Virtual MAC

Removed support for Virtual MAC feature.


Added out of box RoCE LAG support for RHEL 7.2 and RHEL 6.9.

Dropped Counters

Added a new counter rx_steer_missed_packets which provides the number of packets that were received by the NIC, yet were discarded/dropped since they did not match any flow in the NIC steering flow table.

Added the ability for SR-IOV counter rx_dropped to count the number of packets that were dropped while vport was down.

HCAs: mlx5 Driver

Reset Flow

Added support for triggering software reset for firmware/driver recovery. When fatal errors occur, firmware can be reset and driver reloaded.

HCAs: ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

Striding RQ with HW Time-Stamping

Added the option to retrieve the HW timestamp when polling for completions from a completion queue that is attached to a multi-packet RQ (Striding RQ).


HCAs: mlx5 Driver

Physical Address Memory Allocation

Added support to register a specific physical address range.

HCAs: Innova IPsec EN

Innova IPsec Adapter Cards

Added support for NVIDIA Innova IPsec EN adapter card, that provides security acceleration for IPsec-enabled networks.

HCAs: ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx/ConnectX-5

Precision Time Protocol (PTP)

Added support for PTP feature over PKEY interfaces.

This feature allows for accurate synchronization between the distributed entities over the network. The synchronization is based on symmetric Round Trip Time (RTT) between the master and slave devices, and is enabled by default.

Virtual MAC

Added support for Virtual MAC feature, which allows users to add up to 4 virtual MACs (VMACs) per VF. All traffic that is destined to the VMAC will be forwarded to the relevant VF instead of PF. All traffic going out from the VF with source MAC equal to VMAC will go to the wire also when Spoof Check is enabled.

For further information, please refer to “Virtual MAC” section in MLNX_EN User Manual.

Receive Buffer

Added the option to change receive buffer size and cable length. Changing cable length will adjust the receive buffer's xon and xoff thresholds.

For further information, please refer to “Receive Buffer” section in MLNX_EN User Manual.

GRE Tunnel Offloads

Added support for the following GRE tunnel offloads:

  • TSO over GRE tunnels

  • Checksum offloads over GRE tunnels

  • RSS spread for GRE packets


Added support for the host side (RDMA initiator) in RedHat 7.2 and above.

Dropless Receive Queue (RQ)

Added support for the driver to notify the FW when SW receive queues are overloaded.

PFC Storm Prevention

Added support for configuring PFC stall prevention in cases where the device unexpectedly becomes unresponsive for a long period of time. PFC stall prevention disables flow control mechanisms when the device is stalled for a period longer than the default pre-configured timeout. Users now have the ability to change the default timeout by moving to auto mode.

For further information, please refer to “PFC Stall Prevention” section in MLNX_EN User Manual.

HCAs: ConnectX-5


Added support for Q-in-Q VST feature in ConnectX-5 adapter cards family.

Virtual Guest Tagging (VGT+)

Added support for VGT+ in ConnectX-4/ConnectX-5 HCAs. This feature is s an advanced mode of Virtual Guest Tagging (VGT), in which a VF is allowed to tag its own packets as in VGT, but is still subject to an administrative VLAN trunk policy. The policy determines which VLAN IDs are allowed to be transmitted or received. The policy does not determine the user priority, which is left unchanged.

For further information, please refer to “Virtual Guest Tagging (VGT+)” section in MLNX_EN User Manual.

Tag Matching Offload

Added support for hardware Tag Matching offload with Dynamically Connected Transport (DCT).

HCAs: ConnectX-3/ConnectX-3 Pro

HCAs: All


Added support for the driver to take an automatic snapshot of the device’s CR-Space in cases of critical failures.

For further information, please refer to “CRDUMP” section in MLNX_EN User Manual.


HCAs: mlx5 Driver

RoCE Diagnostics and ECN Counters

Added support for additional RoCE diagnostics and ECN congestion counters under /sys/class/infiniband/mlx5_0/ports/1/hw_counters/ directory.

For further information, refer to the Understanding mlx5 Linux Counters and Status Parameters Community post.

rx-fcs Offload (ethtool)

Added support for rx-fcs ethtool offload configuration. Normally, the FCS of the packet will be truncated by the ASIC hardware before sending it to the application socket buffer (skb). Ethtool allows to set the rx-fcs not to be truncated, but to pass it to the application for analysis.

For more information and usage, refer to Understanding ethtool rx-fcs for mlx5 Drivers Community post.

DSCP Trust Mode

Added the option to enable PFC based on the DSCP value. Using this solution, VLAN headers will no longer be mandatory for use.

For further information, refer to the HowTo Configure Trust Mode on NVIDIA Adapters Community post.

RoCE ECN Parameters

ECN parameters have been moved to the following directory: /sys/kernel/debug/mlx5/<PCI BUS>/cc_params/

For more information, refer to the HowTo Configure DCQCN (RoCE CC) for ConnectX-4 (Linux) Community post.

Flow Steering Dump Tool

Added support for mlx_fs_dump, which is a python tool that prints the steering rules in a readable manner.

Secure Firmware Updates

Firmware binaries embedded in MLNX_EN package now support Secure Firmware Updates. This feature provides devices with the ability to verify digital signatures of new firmware binaries, in order to ensure that only officially approved versions are installed on the devices.

For further information on this feature, refer to NVIDIA Firmware Tools (MFT) User Manual.


Added the ability to open a device and create a context while giving PCI peer attributes such as name and ID.

For further details, refer to the PeerDirect Programming Community post.

Probed VFs

Added the ability to disable probed VFs on the hypervisor. For further information, see HowTo Configure and Probe VFs on mlx5 Drivers Community post.

Local Loopback

Improved performance by rendering Local loopback (unicast and multicast) disabled by mlx5 driver by default while local loopback is not in use. The mlx5 driver keeps track of the number of transport domains that are opened by user-space applications. If there is more than one user-space transport domain open, local loopback will automatically be enabled.

1PPS Time Synchronization (at alpha level)

Added support for One Pulse Per Second (1PPS), which is a time synchronization feature that allows the adapter to send or receive 1 pulse per second on a dedicated pin on the adapter card.

For further information on this feature, refer to the HowTo Test 1PPS on NVIDIA Adapters Community post.

Fast Driver Unload

Added support for fast driver teardown in shutdown and kexec flows.

HCAs: ConnectX-5/ConnectX-5 Ex

NVMEoF Target Offload

Added support for NVMe over fabrics (NVMEoF) offload, an implementation of the new NVMEoF standard target (server) side in hardware.

For further information on NVMEoF Target Offload, refer to HowTo Configure NVMEoF Target Offload .

HCAs: All


Changed the default RoCE mode on which RDMA CM runs to RoCEv2 instead of RoCEv1.

RDMA_CM session requires both the client and server sides to support the same RoCE mode. Otherwise, the client will fail to connect to the server.

For further information, refer to RDMA CM and RoCE Version Defaults Community post.


Added support for Lustre file system open-source project.


PCIe Error Counting

[ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx] Added the ability to expose physical layer statistical counters to ethtool.

Standard ethtool

[ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx] Added support for flow steering and rx-all mode.

SR-IOV Bandwidth Share for Ethernet/RoCE (beta)

[ConnectX-4/ConnectX-4 Lx] Added the ability to guarantee the minimum rate of a certain VF in SR-IOV mode.

Adapter Cards

Added support for ConnectX-5 and ConnectX-5 Ex HCAs.


Removed support for NFSoRDMA drivers. These drivers are no longer provided along with the MLNX_EN package.

Customer Affecting Change


Customer Affecting Changes 5.6-

Interface Renaming, PF/VF, Udev

The OFED driver no longer performs Ethernet NetDev interface renaming for PFs and VFs.
The udev rules file which implemented renaming (82-net-setup-link.rules) and its supporting script are no longer installed by default.
Renaming is thus performed by underlying mechanisms -- in udev, in the kernel, and in the BIOS.

Users who wish to continue using the OFED driver renaming mechanism must add option —copy-ifnames-udev to the OFED install command.

To install these files at a later time, copy them from one of the following directories:

  • /usr/share/doc/mlnx-ofa_kernel (RHEL8 and newer)

  • /usr/share/doc/mlnx-ofa_kernel-[1-9]* (RHEL 7.X)

  • /usr/share/doc/packages/mlnx-ofa_kernel (SLES)

  • /usr/share/doc/mlnx-ofed-kernel-utils/examples (Debian-based releases)

  • File 82-net-setup-link.rules should be copied to directory /etc/udev/rules.d

  • File should be copied to directory /etc/infiniband (make sure that it has both read and execute permission)

  • After copying over the files, the driver should be restarted for the copied files to take effect

  • Customers who wish prevent renaming of NetDev names should add "net.ifnames=0 biosdevname=0" to the kernel boot command line, and then reboot the host

Community Operating Systems

Starting OFED 5.6, NVIDIA is introducing a new support model for OFED used on open source community operating systems. The goal of this new support model is to enable customers to use community-maintained variants of the Linux operating system, without being limited to major distributions that NVIDIA provides primary support for. For more information, see "Installation on Community Operating Systems" section in the user manual. For a list of supported Community OSs, please see "Supported Community Operating Systems" section in the release notes.

OVS-DPDK—Partial Offload

Starting OFED 5.6, OVS-DPDK does not support partial offload.

Customer Affecting Change



Disabling RoCE While Using sysfs

When using sysfs to enable/disable roce in kernel 5.5 and up, the "devlink reload" command (using iproute2 with devlink tool) will need to be used to activate the RoCE status change.

Disable RoCE example:
1. echo 0 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:08:00.0/roce_enable
2. devlink dev reload pci/0000:08:00.0

mlnx-ofa_kernel Installation

The source code for mlnx-ofa_kernel is no longer installed by default on RPM-based distributions (e.g., RHEL and SLES).

• mlnx-ofa_kernel is included in the <<package mlnx-ofa_kernel-devel-source>> in the MLNX_OFED distributions under RPMS/ and may be manually installed from there.
• There is no change for deb-based distributions (Debian and Ubuntu). The full source is included, as before, in the package mlnx-ofed-kernel-dkms.

Software Encapsulation Compatibility

There is an encapL2 compatibility issue with accelerated reformat action creation using mlx5dv_dr API.
Using OFED 5.4 with firmware xx.32.1xxx and above or using OFED 5.5 with firmware lower than xx.32.1xxx will not allow accelerated reformat action. (Using OFED 5.4 and 5.5 with bundle firmware works properly.)

xpmem in RHEL8

Added xpmem packages in RHEL8 builds.


Starting OVS DPDK 2.15, the Python minimum required version is 3 and OVS-DPDK will not be compiled using Python 2.

© Copyright 2023, NVIDIA. Last updated on May 24, 2023.