Source code for six

# Copyright (c) 2010-2017 Benjamin Peterson
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
# copies or substantial portions of the Software.

"""Utilities for writing code that runs on Python 2 and 3"""

from __future__ import absolute_import

import functools
import itertools
import operator
import sys
import types

__author__ = "Benjamin Peterson <>"
__version__ = "1.11.0"

# Useful for very coarse version differentiation.
PY2 = sys.version_info[0] == 2
PY3 = sys.version_info[0] == 3
PY34 = sys.version_info[0:2] >= (3, 4)

if PY3:
    string_types = str,
    integer_types = int,
    class_types = type,
    text_type = str
    binary_type = bytes

    MAXSIZE = sys.maxsize
    string_types = basestring,
    integer_types = (int, long)
    class_types = (type, types.ClassType)
    text_type = unicode
    binary_type = str

    if sys.platform.startswith("java"):
        # Jython always uses 32 bits.
        MAXSIZE = int((1 << 31) - 1)
        # It's possible to have sizeof(long) != sizeof(Py_ssize_t).
        class X(object):

            def __len__(self):
                return 1 << 31
        except OverflowError:
            # 32-bit
            MAXSIZE = int((1 << 31) - 1)
            # 64-bit
            MAXSIZE = int((1 << 63) - 1)
        del X

def _add_doc(func, doc):
    """Add documentation to a function."""
    func.__doc__ = doc

def _import_module(name):
    """Import module, returning the module after the last dot."""
    return sys.modules[name]

class _LazyDescr(object):

    def __init__(self, name): = name

    def __get__(self, obj, tp):
        result = self._resolve()
        setattr(obj,, result)  # Invokes __set__.
            # This is a bit ugly, but it avoids running this again by
            # removing this descriptor.
        except AttributeError:
        return result

[docs]class MovedModule(_LazyDescr): def __init__(self, name, old, new=None): super(MovedModule, self).__init__(name) if PY3: if new is None: new = name self.mod = new else: self.mod = old def _resolve(self): return _import_module(self.mod) def __getattr__(self, attr): _module = self._resolve() value = getattr(_module, attr) setattr(self, attr, value) return value

class _LazyModule(types.ModuleType): def __init__(self, name): super(_LazyModule, self).__init__(name) self.__doc__ = self.__class__.__doc__ def __dir__(self): attrs = ["__doc__", "__name__"] attrs += [ for attr in self._moved_attributes] return attrs # Subclasses should override this _moved_attributes = []

[docs]class MovedAttribute(_LazyDescr): def __init__(self, name, old_mod, new_mod, old_attr=None, new_attr=None): super(MovedAttribute, self).__init__(name) if PY3: if new_mod is None: new_mod = name self.mod = new_mod if new_attr is None: if old_attr is None: new_attr = name else: new_attr = old_attr self.attr = new_attr else: self.mod = old_mod if old_attr is None: old_attr = name self.attr = old_attr def _resolve(self): module = _import_module(self.mod) return getattr(module, self.attr)

class _SixMetaPathImporter(object): """ A meta path importer to import six.moves and its submodules. This class implements a PEP302 finder and loader. It should be compatible with Python 2.5 and all existing versions of Python3 """ def __init__(self, six_module_name): = six_module_name self.known_modules = {} def _add_module(self, mod, *fullnames): for fullname in fullnames: self.known_modules[ + "." + fullname] = mod def _get_module(self, fullname): return self.known_modules[ + "." + fullname] def find_module(self, fullname, path=None): if fullname in self.known_modules: return self return None def __get_module(self, fullname): try: return self.known_modules[fullname] except KeyError: raise ImportError("This loader does not know module " + fullname) def load_module(self, fullname): try: # in case of a reload return sys.modules[fullname] except KeyError: pass mod = self.__get_module(fullname) if isinstance(mod, MovedModule): mod = mod._resolve() else: mod.__loader__ = self sys.modules[fullname] = mod return mod def is_package(self, fullname): """ Return true, if the named module is a package. We need this method to get correct spec objects with Python 3.4 (see PEP451) """ return hasattr(self.__get_module(fullname), "__path__") def get_code(self, fullname): """Return None Required, if is_package is implemented""" self.__get_module(fullname) # eventually raises ImportError return None get_source = get_code # same as get_code _importer = _SixMetaPathImporter(__name__) class _MovedItems(_LazyModule): """Lazy loading of moved objects""" __path__ = [] # mark as package _moved_attributes = [ MovedAttribute("cStringIO", "cStringIO", "io", "StringIO"), MovedAttribute("filter", "itertools", "builtins", "ifilter", "filter"), MovedAttribute("filterfalse", "itertools", "itertools", "ifilterfalse", "filterfalse"), MovedAttribute("input", "__builtin__", "builtins", "raw_input", "input"), MovedAttribute("intern", "__builtin__", "sys"), MovedAttribute("map", "itertools", "builtins", "imap", "map"), MovedAttribute("getcwd", "os", "os", "getcwdu", "getcwd"), MovedAttribute("getcwdb", "os", "os", "getcwd", "getcwdb"), MovedAttribute("getoutput", "commands", "subprocess"), MovedAttribute("range", "__builtin__", "builtins", "xrange", "range"), MovedAttribute("reload_module", "__builtin__", "importlib" if PY34 else "imp", "reload"), MovedAttribute("reduce", "__builtin__", "functools"), MovedAttribute("shlex_quote", "pipes", "shlex", "quote"), MovedAttribute("StringIO", "StringIO", "io"), MovedAttribute("UserDict", "UserDict", "collections"), MovedAttribute("UserList", "UserList", "collections"), MovedAttribute("UserString", "UserString", "collections"), MovedAttribute("xrange", "__builtin__", "builtins", "xrange", "range"), MovedAttribute("zip", "itertools", "builtins", "izip", "zip"), MovedAttribute("zip_longest", "itertools", "itertools", "izip_longest", "zip_longest"), MovedModule("builtins", "__builtin__"), MovedModule("configparser", "ConfigParser"), MovedModule("copyreg", "copy_reg"), MovedModule("dbm_gnu", "gdbm", "dbm.gnu"), MovedModule("_dummy_thread", "dummy_thread", "_dummy_thread"), MovedModule("http_cookiejar", "cookielib", "http.cookiejar"), MovedModule("http_cookies", "Cookie", "http.cookies"), MovedModule("html_entities", "htmlentitydefs", "html.entities"), MovedModule("html_parser", "HTMLParser", "html.parser"), MovedModule("http_client", "httplib", "http.client"), MovedModule("email_mime_base", "email.MIMEBase", "email.mime.base"), MovedModule("email_mime_image", "email.MIMEImage", "email.mime.image"), MovedModule("email_mime_multipart", "email.MIMEMultipart", "email.mime.multipart"), MovedModule("email_mime_nonmultipart", "email.MIMENonMultipart", "email.mime.nonmultipart"), MovedModule("email_mime_text", "email.MIMEText", "email.mime.text"), MovedModule("BaseHTTPServer", "BaseHTTPServer", "http.server"), MovedModule("CGIHTTPServer", "CGIHTTPServer", "http.server"), MovedModule("SimpleHTTPServer", "SimpleHTTPServer", "http.server"), MovedModule("cPickle", "cPickle", "pickle"), MovedModule("queue", "Queue"), MovedModule("reprlib", "repr"), MovedModule("socketserver", "SocketServer"), MovedModule("_thread", "thread", "_thread"), MovedModule("tkinter", "Tkinter"), MovedModule("tkinter_dialog", "Dialog", "tkinter.dialog"), MovedModule("tkinter_filedialog", "FileDialog", "tkinter.filedialog"), MovedModule("tkinter_scrolledtext", "ScrolledText", "tkinter.scrolledtext"), MovedModule("tkinter_simpledialog", "SimpleDialog", "tkinter.simpledialog"), MovedModule("tkinter_tix", "Tix", "tkinter.tix"), MovedModule("tkinter_ttk", "ttk", "tkinter.ttk"), MovedModule("tkinter_constants", "Tkconstants", "tkinter.constants"), MovedModule("tkinter_dnd", "Tkdnd", "tkinter.dnd"), MovedModule("tkinter_colorchooser", "tkColorChooser", "tkinter.colorchooser"), MovedModule("tkinter_commondialog", "tkCommonDialog", "tkinter.commondialog"), MovedModule("tkinter_tkfiledialog", "tkFileDialog", "tkinter.filedialog"), MovedModule("tkinter_font", "tkFont", "tkinter.font"), MovedModule("tkinter_messagebox", "tkMessageBox", "tkinter.messagebox"), MovedModule("tkinter_tksimpledialog", "tkSimpleDialog", "tkinter.simpledialog"), MovedModule("urllib_parse", __name__ + ".moves.urllib_parse", "urllib.parse"), MovedModule("urllib_error", __name__ + ".moves.urllib_error", "urllib.error"), MovedModule("urllib", __name__ + ".moves.urllib", __name__ + ".moves.urllib"), MovedModule("urllib_robotparser", "robotparser", "urllib.robotparser"), MovedModule("xmlrpc_client", "xmlrpclib", "xmlrpc.client"), MovedModule("xmlrpc_server", "SimpleXMLRPCServer", "xmlrpc.server"), ] # Add windows specific modules. if sys.platform == "win32": _moved_attributes += [ MovedModule("winreg", "_winreg"), ] for attr in _moved_attributes: setattr(_MovedItems,, attr) if isinstance(attr, MovedModule): _importer._add_module(attr, "moves." + del attr _MovedItems._moved_attributes = _moved_attributes moves = _MovedItems(__name__ + ".moves") _importer._add_module(moves, "moves") class Module_six_moves_urllib_parse(_LazyModule): """Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_parse""" _urllib_parse_moved_attributes = [ MovedAttribute("ParseResult", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("SplitResult", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("parse_qs", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("parse_qsl", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("urldefrag", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("urljoin", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("urlparse", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("urlsplit", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("urlunparse", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("urlunsplit", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("quote", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("quote_plus", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("unquote", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("unquote_plus", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("unquote_to_bytes", "urllib", "urllib.parse", "unquote", "unquote_to_bytes"), MovedAttribute("urlencode", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("splitquery", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("splittag", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("splituser", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("splitvalue", "urllib", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("uses_fragment", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("uses_netloc", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("uses_params", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("uses_query", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), MovedAttribute("uses_relative", "urlparse", "urllib.parse"), ] for attr in _urllib_parse_moved_attributes: setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_parse,, attr) del attr Module_six_moves_urllib_parse._moved_attributes = _urllib_parse_moved_attributes _importer._add_module(Module_six_moves_urllib_parse(__name__ + ".moves.urllib_parse"), "moves.urllib_parse", "moves.urllib.parse") class Module_six_moves_urllib_error(_LazyModule): """Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_error""" _urllib_error_moved_attributes = [ MovedAttribute("URLError", "urllib2", "urllib.error"), MovedAttribute("HTTPError", "urllib2", "urllib.error"), MovedAttribute("ContentTooShortError", "urllib", "urllib.error"), ] for attr in _urllib_error_moved_attributes: setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_error,, attr) del attr Module_six_moves_urllib_error._moved_attributes = _urllib_error_moved_attributes _importer._add_module(Module_six_moves_urllib_error(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.error"), "moves.urllib_error", "moves.urllib.error") class Module_six_moves_urllib_request(_LazyModule): """Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_request""" _urllib_request_moved_attributes = [ MovedAttribute("urlopen", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("install_opener", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("build_opener", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("pathname2url", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("url2pathname", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("getproxies", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("Request", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("OpenerDirector", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPDefaultErrorHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPRedirectHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPCookieProcessor", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("ProxyHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("BaseHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPPasswordMgr", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("AbstractBasicAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPBasicAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("ProxyBasicAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("AbstractDigestAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPDigestAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("ProxyDigestAuthHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPSHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("FileHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("FTPHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("CacheFTPHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("UnknownHandler", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("HTTPErrorProcessor", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("urlretrieve", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("urlcleanup", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("URLopener", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("FancyURLopener", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("proxy_bypass", "urllib", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("parse_http_list", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), MovedAttribute("parse_keqv_list", "urllib2", "urllib.request"), ] for attr in _urllib_request_moved_attributes: setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_request,, attr) del attr Module_six_moves_urllib_request._moved_attributes = _urllib_request_moved_attributes _importer._add_module(Module_six_moves_urllib_request(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.request"), "moves.urllib_request", "moves.urllib.request") class Module_six_moves_urllib_response(_LazyModule): """Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_response""" _urllib_response_moved_attributes = [ MovedAttribute("addbase", "urllib", "urllib.response"), MovedAttribute("addclosehook", "urllib", "urllib.response"), MovedAttribute("addinfo", "urllib", "urllib.response"), MovedAttribute("addinfourl", "urllib", "urllib.response"), ] for attr in _urllib_response_moved_attributes: setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_response,, attr) del attr Module_six_moves_urllib_response._moved_attributes = _urllib_response_moved_attributes _importer._add_module(Module_six_moves_urllib_response(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.response"), "moves.urllib_response", "moves.urllib.response") class Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser(_LazyModule): """Lazy loading of moved objects in six.moves.urllib_robotparser""" _urllib_robotparser_moved_attributes = [ MovedAttribute("RobotFileParser", "robotparser", "urllib.robotparser"), ] for attr in _urllib_robotparser_moved_attributes: setattr(Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser,, attr) del attr Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser._moved_attributes = _urllib_robotparser_moved_attributes _importer._add_module(Module_six_moves_urllib_robotparser(__name__ + ".moves.urllib.robotparser"), "moves.urllib_robotparser", "moves.urllib.robotparser") class Module_six_moves_urllib(types.ModuleType): """Create a six.moves.urllib namespace that resembles the Python 3 namespace""" __path__ = [] # mark as package parse = _importer._get_module("moves.urllib_parse") error = _importer._get_module("moves.urllib_error") request = _importer._get_module("moves.urllib_request") response = _importer._get_module("moves.urllib_response") robotparser = _importer._get_module("moves.urllib_robotparser") def __dir__(self): return ['parse', 'error', 'request', 'response', 'robotparser'] _importer._add_module(Module_six_moves_urllib(__name__ + ".moves.urllib"), "moves.urllib")

[docs]def add_move(move): """Add an item to six.moves.""" setattr(_MovedItems,, move)
[docs]def remove_move(name): """Remove item from six.moves.""" try: delattr(_MovedItems, name) except AttributeError: try: del moves.__dict__[name] except KeyError: raise AttributeError("no such move, %r" % (name,))

if PY3: _meth_func = "__func__" _meth_self = "__self__" _func_closure = "__closure__" _func_code = "__code__" _func_defaults = "__defaults__" _func_globals = "__globals__" else: _meth_func = "im_func" _meth_self = "im_self" _func_closure = "func_closure" _func_code = "func_code" _func_defaults = "func_defaults" _func_globals = "func_globals" try: advance_iterator = next except NameError: def advance_iterator(it): return next = advance_iterator try: callable = callable except NameError: def callable(obj): return any("__call__" in klass.__dict__ for klass in type(obj).__mro__) if PY3: def get_unbound_function(unbound): return unbound create_bound_method = types.MethodType def create_unbound_method(func, cls): return func Iterator = object else:

[docs] def get_unbound_function(unbound): return unbound.im_func

def create_bound_method(func, obj): return types.MethodType(func, obj, obj.__class__)

[docs] def create_unbound_method(func, cls): return types.MethodType(func, None, cls)

class Iterator(object): def next(self): return type(self).__next__(self) callable = callable _add_doc(get_unbound_function, """Get the function out of a possibly unbound function""") get_method_function = operator.attrgetter(_meth_func) get_method_self = operator.attrgetter(_meth_self) get_function_closure = operator.attrgetter(_func_closure) get_function_code = operator.attrgetter(_func_code) get_function_defaults = operator.attrgetter(_func_defaults) get_function_globals = operator.attrgetter(_func_globals) if PY3: def iterkeys(d, **kw): return iter(d.keys(**kw)) def itervalues(d, **kw): return iter(d.values(**kw)) def iteritems(d, **kw): return iter(d.items(**kw)) def iterlists(d, **kw): return iter(d.lists(**kw)) viewkeys = operator.methodcaller("keys") viewvalues = operator.methodcaller("values") viewitems = operator.methodcaller("items") else:

[docs] def iterkeys(d, **kw): return d.iterkeys(**kw)
[docs] def itervalues(d, **kw): return d.itervalues(**kw)
[docs] def iteritems(d, **kw): return d.iteritems(**kw)
[docs] def iterlists(d, **kw): return d.iterlists(**kw)

viewkeys = operator.methodcaller("viewkeys") viewvalues = operator.methodcaller("viewvalues") viewitems = operator.methodcaller("viewitems") _add_doc(iterkeys, "Return an iterator over the keys of a dictionary.") _add_doc(itervalues, "Return an iterator over the values of a dictionary.") _add_doc(iteritems, "Return an iterator over the (key, value) pairs of a dictionary.") _add_doc(iterlists, "Return an iterator over the (key, [values]) pairs of a dictionary.") if PY3: def b(s): return s.encode("latin-1") def u(s): return s unichr = chr import struct int2byte = struct.Struct(">B").pack del struct byte2int = operator.itemgetter(0) indexbytes = operator.getitem iterbytes = iter import io StringIO = io.StringIO BytesIO = io.BytesIO _assertCountEqual = "assertCountEqual" if sys.version_info[1] <= 1: _assertRaisesRegex = "assertRaisesRegexp" _assertRegex = "assertRegexpMatches" else: _assertRaisesRegex = "assertRaisesRegex" _assertRegex = "assertRegex" else:

[docs] def b(s): return s

# Workaround for standalone backslash

[docs] def u(s): return unicode(s.replace(r'\\', r'\\\\'), "unicode_escape")

unichr = unichr int2byte = chr def byte2int(bs): return ord(bs[0]) def indexbytes(buf, i): return ord(buf[i]) iterbytes = functools.partial(itertools.imap, ord) import StringIO StringIO = BytesIO = StringIO.StringIO _assertCountEqual = "assertItemsEqual" _assertRaisesRegex = "assertRaisesRegexp" _assertRegex = "assertRegexpMatches" _add_doc(b, """Byte literal""") _add_doc(u, """Text literal""")

[docs]def assertCountEqual(self, *args, **kwargs): return getattr(self, _assertCountEqual)(*args, **kwargs)
[docs]def assertRaisesRegex(self, *args, **kwargs): return getattr(self, _assertRaisesRegex)(*args, **kwargs)
[docs]def assertRegex(self, *args, **kwargs): return getattr(self, _assertRegex)(*args, **kwargs)

if PY3: exec_ = getattr(moves.builtins, "exec")

[docs] def reraise(tp, value, tb=None): try: if value is None: value = tp() if value.__traceback__ is not tb: raise value.with_traceback(tb) raise value finally: value = None tb = None

else: def exec_(_code_, _globs_=None, _locs_=None): """Execute code in a namespace.""" if _globs_ is None: frame = sys._getframe(1) _globs_ = frame.f_globals if _locs_ is None: _locs_ = frame.f_locals del frame elif _locs_ is None: _locs_ = _globs_ exec("""exec _code_ in _globs_, _locs_""") exec_("""def reraise(tp, value, tb=None): try: raise tp, value, tb finally: tb = None """) if sys.version_info[:2] == (3, 2): exec_("""def raise_from(value, from_value): try: if from_value is None: raise value raise value from from_value finally: value = None """) elif sys.version_info[:2] > (3, 2): exec_("""def raise_from(value, from_value): try: raise value from from_value finally: value = None """) else:

[docs] def raise_from(value, from_value): raise value

print_ = getattr(moves.builtins, "print", None) if print_ is None: def print_(*args, **kwargs): """The new-style print function for Python 2.4 and 2.5.""" fp = kwargs.pop("file", sys.stdout) if fp is None: return def write(data): if not isinstance(data, basestring): data = str(data) # If the file has an encoding, encode unicode with it. if (isinstance(fp, file) and isinstance(data, unicode) and fp.encoding is not None): errors = getattr(fp, "errors", None) if errors is None: errors = "strict" data = data.encode(fp.encoding, errors) fp.write(data) want_unicode = False sep = kwargs.pop("sep", None) if sep is not None: if isinstance(sep, unicode): want_unicode = True elif not isinstance(sep, str): raise TypeError("sep must be None or a string") end = kwargs.pop("end", None) if end is not None: if isinstance(end, unicode): want_unicode = True elif not isinstance(end, str): raise TypeError("end must be None or a string") if kwargs: raise TypeError("invalid keyword arguments to print()") if not want_unicode: for arg in args: if isinstance(arg, unicode): want_unicode = True break if want_unicode: newline = unicode("\n") space = unicode(" ") else: newline = "\n" space = " " if sep is None: sep = space if end is None: end = newline for i, arg in enumerate(args): if i: write(sep) write(arg) write(end) if sys.version_info[:2] < (3, 3): _print = print_ def print_(*args, **kwargs): fp = kwargs.get("file", sys.stdout) flush = kwargs.pop("flush", False) _print(*args, **kwargs) if flush and fp is not None: fp.flush() _add_doc(reraise, """Reraise an exception.""") if sys.version_info[0:2] < (3, 4): def wraps(wrapped, assigned=functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS, updated=functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES): def wrapper(f): f = functools.wraps(wrapped, assigned, updated)(f) f.__wrapped__ = wrapped return f return wrapper else: wraps = functools.wraps

[docs]def with_metaclass(meta, *bases): """Create a base class with a metaclass.""" # This requires a bit of explanation: the basic idea is to make a dummy # metaclass for one level of class instantiation that replaces itself with # the actual metaclass. class metaclass(type): def __new__(cls, name, this_bases, d): return meta(name, bases, d) @classmethod def __prepare__(cls, name, this_bases): return meta.__prepare__(name, bases) return type.__new__(metaclass, 'temporary_class', (), {})
[docs]def add_metaclass(metaclass): """Class decorator for creating a class with a metaclass.""" def wrapper(cls): orig_vars = cls.__dict__.copy() slots = orig_vars.get('__slots__') if slots is not None: if isinstance(slots, str): slots = [slots] for slots_var in slots: orig_vars.pop(slots_var) orig_vars.pop('__dict__', None) orig_vars.pop('__weakref__', None) return metaclass(cls.__name__, cls.__bases__, orig_vars) return wrapper
[docs]def python_2_unicode_compatible(klass): """ A decorator that defines __unicode__ and __str__ methods under Python 2. Under Python 3 it does nothing. To support Python 2 and 3 with a single code base, define a __str__ method returning text and apply this decorator to the class. """ if PY2: if '__str__' not in klass.__dict__: raise ValueError("@python_2_unicode_compatible cannot be applied " "to %s because it doesn't define __str__()." % klass.__name__) klass.__unicode__ = klass.__str__ klass.__str__ = lambda self: self.__unicode__().encode('utf-8') return klass

# Complete the moves implementation. # This code is at the end of this module to speed up module loading. # Turn this module into a package. __path__ = [] # required for PEP 302 and PEP 451 __package__ = __name__ # see PEP 366 @ReservedAssignment if globals().get("__spec__") is not None: __spec__.submodule_search_locations = [] # PEP 451 @UndefinedVariable # Remove other six meta path importers, since they cause problems. This can # happen if six is removed from sys.modules and then reloaded. (Setuptools does # this for some reason.) if sys.meta_path: for i, importer in enumerate(sys.meta_path): # Here's some real nastiness: Another "instance" of the six module might # be floating around. Therefore, we can't use isinstance() to check for # the six meta path importer, since the other six instance will have # inserted an importer with different class. if (type(importer).__name__ == "_SixMetaPathImporter" and == __name__): del sys.meta_path[i] break del i, importer # Finally, add the importer to the meta path import hook. sys.meta_path.append(_importer)

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