Introduction

NVIDIA MLNX-GW User Manual for NVIDIA Skyway Appliance v8.2.2200

ONIE is an open source initiative which enables automatic installation of user-defined OS whose function is to setup a network OS that provides the following services:

  • Re/installing an OS

  • Booting in "rescue" mode

  • Formatting the system

For more information please refer to the following website: https://github.com/opencomputeproject/onie.

The system provided has DHCP enabled by default, therefore, login may be performed through the management ports (using "root" username and no password) and/or the serial console as explained in the following steps:

  1. Connect the host PC to the CONSOLE (RJ-45) port of the switch system using the supplied cable. The CONSOLE ports are shown below as examples.

    ONIE_Console.png
    Warning

    Make sure to connect to the CONSOLE port of the switch and not to the MGT port.

  2. Configure a serial terminal program (for example, HyperTerminal, minicom, or Tera Term) on your host PC with the settings described in the table below.

    • Serial Terminal Program Configuration for 2016.11-5.2.0004-115200

      Parameter

      Setting

      Baud rate

      115200

      Data bits

      8

      Stop bits

      1

      Parity

      None

      Flow control

      None

    • Serial Terminal Program Configuration for 2016.11-5.2.0004-9600

      Parameter

      Setting

      Baud rate

      9600

      Data bits

      8

      Stop bits

      1

      Parity

      None

      Flow control

      None

  3. Activate the console by pressing Enter.

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    Please press Enter to activate this console. Info: eth0: Checking link... up. ** Installer Mode Enabled **

  4. (Optional) The system is configured to fetch an image using auto-discovery which is enabled by default. To disable auto discovery, run:

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    ONIE:/ # onie-stop Stopping: discover... done.

ONIE uses the following log facilities:

  • dmesg

  • /var/log/messages

  • /var/log/onie.log (ONIE OS only)

  • /var/log/syslog

The following is an example of cat /var/log/onie.log:

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Nov 25 12:47:42 sys-hostname local0.info onie: Starting: klogd... Nov 25 12:47:42 sys-hostname local0.info onie: done. Nov 25 12:47:42 sys-hostname local0.info onie: Starting: dropbear ssh daemon... Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: done. Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: Starting: telnetd... Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: done. Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: Starting: discover... Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: done. Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: Info: eth0: Checking link... Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: up. Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: Info: Trying DHCPv4 on interface: eth0 Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info onie: ONIE: Using DHCPv4 addr: eth0: 10.7.144.133 / 255.255.248.0 Nov 25 12:47:43 sys-hostname local0.info discover: ONIE: Starting ONIE Service Discovery Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: [truncated] onie_neighs = 10.7.150.250,10.7.144.1,10.7.150.251,10.7.150.252,[fe80::7efe:90ff:fe65:dca0-eth0],[fe80::e61d:2dff:fe5a:d72a-eth0],[fe80::fe15:b4ff:fe97:224c-eth0],[fe80::2e0:86ff:fe29:5f74-eth0],[fe80::7efe:90ff: Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: [truncated] 61d:2dff:fef7:d984-eth0],[fe80::f652:14ff:fed5:b3c4-eth0],[fe80::268a:7ff:fe47:b480-eth0],[fe80::7210:6fff:febb:9966-eth0],[fe80::202:c9ff:fe63:242e-eth0],[fe80::f652:14ff:fefb:9294-eth0],[fe80::7efe:90ff:fec5:72 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: [truncated] :2a8e-eth0],[fe80::202:c9ff:fe5e:da96-eth0],[fe80::7210:6fff:febb:99ea-eth0],[fe80::7210:6fff:febb:995e-eth0],[fe80::e61d:2dff:fe6a:cb70-eth0],[fe80::ee0d:9aff:fe9f:cade-eth0],[fe80::7210:6fff:feba:930c-eth0],[fe Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: ,[fe80::ee0d:9aff:feab:39bc-eth0],[fe80::da9d:67ff:fe65:e5e1-eth0],[fe80::7210:6fff:feba:9364-eth0],[fe80::e61d:2dff:feff:3830-eth0],[fe80::202:c9ff:fe62:1fd8-eth0],[fe80::202:c9ff:fe63:e88e-eth0],[fe80::7efe:90ff:fe57:3e34- Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_router = 10.7.144.1 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_subnet = 255.255.248.0 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_domain = mtl.labs.mlnx Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_interface = eth0 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_dns = 10.7.77.192 10.7.77.135 10.198.0.169 10.211.0.124 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_siaddr = 10.7.1.114 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_serverid = 10.7.77.135 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_boot_reason = install Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_broadcast = 10.7.151.255 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_boot_file = pxelinux.0 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_ip = 10.7.144.133 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_nmi_watchdog = 0 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_lease = 36000 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_ntpsrv = 10.7.77.134 10.7.77.135 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_mask = 21 Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_hostname = sys-hostname Nov 25 12:47:51 sys-hostname local0.info discover: onie_disco_opt53 = 05 Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100-r0 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100-r0.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-mlnx_msn2100 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-mlnx_msn2100.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer-x86_64.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.1.114/onie-installer.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100-r0 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100-r0.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx_msn2100.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-mlnx_msn2100 ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-mlnx_msn2100.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64-mlnx.bin ... Nov 25 12:48:00 sys-hostname local0.info onie-exec: Info: Attempting http://10.7.77.135/onie-installer-x86_64 ... ...

When loading an ONIE system, the system loads the following GRUB menu:

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GNU GRUB version 2.02   +---------------------------------------------+ |*ONIE: Install OS | | ONIE: Rescue | | ONIE: Uninstall OS | | ONIE: Update ONIE | | ONIE: Embed ONIE | | | | | +---------------------------------------------+

To learn more about each of the boot mode options please refer to ONIE official documentation at the following URL: https://opencomputeproject.github.io/onie/design-spec/x86_boot_loader.html?highlight=embed#onie-boot-commands-in-grub-prompt.

To uninstall or reinstall the OS image, power cycle the switch and select the ONIE menu.

Warning

The user has 5 seconds to select the ONIE menu and must enter his choice before ONIE attempts to initiate a network boot or NOS boot.

© Copyright 2023, NVIDIA. Last updated on May 23, 2023.