Compiling DALI from Source¶
Using Docker builder - recommended¶
Following these steps, it is possible to recreate Python wheels in a similar fashion as we provide as an official prebuild binary.
Follow installation guide and manual at the link (version 17.05 or later is required).
Follow installation guide and manual at the link.
Using NVIDIA Container Toolkit is recommended as nvidia-docker2 is deprecated but both are supported.
Required for building DALI TensorFlow Plugin.
Building Python Wheel¶
Change directory (
docker directory and run
./build.sh. If needed,
set the following environment variables:
- CUDA_VERSION - CUDA toolkit version (10.0, 11.0, 11.1, 11.2 and 11.3.The default is
11.3. Thanks to CUDA extended compatibility mode, CUDA 11.1, 11.2 and 11.3 wheels are named as CUDA 11.0 because it can work with the CUDA 11.0 R450.x driver family. Please update to the latest recommended driver version in that family.If the value of the CUDA_VERSION is prefixed with . then any value
.XX.Ycan be passed, the supported version check is suppressed, and the user needs to make sure that Dockerfile.cudaXXY.deps is present in the docker/ directory.
- NVIDIA_BUILD_ID - Custom ID of the build.The default is
- CREATE_WHL - Create a standalone wheel.The default is
- BUILD_TF_PLUGIN - Create a DALI TensorFlow plugin wheel as well.The default is
- PREBUILD_TF_PLUGINS - Whether to prebuild DALI TensorFlow plugin.It should be used together with BUILD_TF_PLUGIN option. If both options are set to
YESthen DALI TensorFlow plugin package is built with prebuilt plugin binaries inside. If PREBUILD_TF_PLUGINS is set to
NOthen the wheel is still built but without prebuilding binaries - no prebuilt binaries are placed inside and the user needs to make sure that he has proper compiler version present (aligned with the one used to build present TensorFlow) so the plugin can be built during the installation of DALI TensorFlow plugin package. If is BUILD_TF_PLUGIN is set to
NOPREBUILD_TF_PLUGINS value is disregarded. The default is
- CREATE_RUNNER - Create Docker image with cuDNN, CUDA and DALI installed inside.It will create the
Docker_run_cudaimage, which needs to be run using NVIDIA Container Toolkit and place the DALI wheel (and optionally the TensorFlow plugin if compiled) in the
/opt/dalidirectory.The default is
- PYVER - Python version used to create the runner image with DALI installed inside mentioned above.The default is
DALI_BUILD_FLAVOR - adds a suffix to DALI package name and put a note about it in the whl package description, i.e. nightly will result in the nvidia-dali-nightly
- CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE - build type, available options: Debug, DevDebug, Release, RelWithDebInfo.The default is
- STRIP_BINARY - when used with CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE equal to Debug, DevDebug, or RelWithDebInfo it produces bare wheel binary without any debug information and the second one with *_debug.whl name with this information included.In the case of the other build configurations, these two wheels will be identical.
- BUILD_INHOST - ask docker to mount source code instead of copying it.Thank to that consecutive builds are resuing existing object files and are faster for the development. Uses $DALI_BUILD_DIR as a directory for build objects. The default is
- REBUILD_BUILDERS - if builder docker images need to be rebuild or can be reused from the previous build.The default is
- DALI_BUILD_DIR - where DALI build should happen.It matters only bit the in-tree build where user may provide different path for every python/CUDA version. The default is
- ARCH - architecture that DALI is build for, x86_64 and aarch64 (SBSA - Server Base System Architecture) are supported.The default is
- WHL_PLATFORM_NAME - the name of the Python wheel platform tag.The default is
It is worth to mention that build.sh should accept the same set of environment variables as the project CMake.
The recommended command line is:
Will build CUDA 11.1 based DALI for Python 3 and place relevant Python wheel inside DALI_root/wheelhouse The produced DALI wheel and TensorFlow Plugin are compatible with all Python versions supported by DALI.
Bare Metal build¶
For the recommended dependency versions please check https://github.com/NVIDIA/DALI_deps.
GCC or later
clang and python-clang bindings are needed for compile time code generation. The easiest way to obtain them is ‘pip install clang libclang’
Boost or later
This can be unofficially disabled. See below.
Supported version: 3.11.1
CMake or later
libjpeg-turbo or later
This can be unofficially disabled. See below.
libtiff or later
This can be unofficially disabled. See below. Note: libtiff should be built with zlib support
FFmpeg or later
We recommend using version 4.2.2 compiled following the instructions below.
libsnd or later
We recommend using version 1.0.28 compiled following the instructions below.
OpenCV or later
Supported version: 4.3.0
(Optional) liblmdb or later
(Optional) GPU Direct Storage
Only libcufile is required for the build process, and the installed header needs to land in /usr/local/cuda/include directory.
TensorFlow installation is required to build the TensorFlow plugin for DALI.
Items marked “unofficial” are community contributions that are believed to work but not officially tested or maintained by NVIDIA.
This software uses the FFmpeg licensed code under the LGPLv2.1. Its source can be downloaded from here.
FFmpeg was compiled using the following command line:
./configure \ --prefix=/usr/local \ --disable-static \ --disable-programs \ --disable-doc \ --disable-avdevice \ --disable-swresample \ --disable-swscale \ --disable-postproc \ --disable-w32threads \ --disable-os2threads \ --disable-dct \ --disable-dwt \ --disable-error-resilience \ --disable-lsp \ --disable-lzo \ --disable-mdct \ --disable-rdft \ --disable-fft \ --disable-faan \ --disable-pixelutils \ --disable-autodetect \ --disable-iconv \ --enable-shared \ --enable-avformat \ --enable-avcodec \ --enable-avfilter \ --disable-encoders \ --disable-hwaccels \ --disable-muxers \ --disable-protocols \ --enable-protocol=file \ --disable-indevs \ --disable-outdevs \ --disable-devices \ --disable-filters \ --disable-bsfs \ --enable-bsf=h264_mp4toannexb,hevc_mp4toannexb,mpeg4_unpack_bframes && \ make
This software uses the libsnd licensed under the LGPLv2.1. Its source can be downloaded from here.
libsnd was compiled using the following command line:
./configure && make
Get DALI source code:
git clone --recursive https://github.com/NVIDIA/DALI cd DALI
Create a directory for CMake-generated Makefiles. This will be the directory, that DALI’s built in.
mkdir build cd build
Run CMake. For additional options you can pass to CMake, refer to Optional CMake Build Parameters.
cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release ..
Build. You can use
-joption to execute it in several threads
Install Python Bindings¶
In order to run DALI using Python API, you need to install Python bindings
cd build pip install dali/python
Although you can create a wheel here by calling
pip wheel dali/python, we don’t really recommend doing so. Such whl is not self-contained (doesn’t have all the dependencies) and it will work only on the system where you built DALI bare-metal. To build a wheel that contains the dependencies and might be therefore used on other systems, follow Using Docker builder - recommended.
Verify the Build (Optional)¶
Obtain Test Data¶
You can verify the build by running GTest and Nose tests. To do so, you’ll need DALI_extra repository, which contains test data. To download it follow DALI_extra README. Keep in mind, that you need git-lfs to properly clone DALI_extra repo. To install git-lfs, follow this tutorial.
Set Test Data Path¶
DALI_EXTRA_PATH environment variable to localize the test data. You can set it by invoking:
$ export DALI_EXTRA_PATH=<path_to_DALI_extra> e.g. export DALI_EXTRA_PATH=/home/yourname/workspace/DALI_extra
DALI tests consist of 2 parts: C++ (GTest) and Python (usually Nose, but that’s not always true). To run the tests there are convenient targets for Make, that you can run after building finished
cd <path_to_DALI>/build make check-gtest check-python
Building DALI with Clang (Experimental)¶
This build is experimental. It is neither maintained nor tested. It is not guaranteed to work. We recommend using GCC for production builds.
cmake -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=clang++ -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=clang .. make -j"$(nproc)"
Optional CMake Build Parameters¶
BUILD_PYTHON- build Python bindings (default: ON)
BUILD_TEST- include building test suite (default: ON)
BUILD_BENCHMARK- include building benchmarks (default: ON)
BUILD_LMDB- build with support for LMDB (default: OFF)
BUILD_NVTX- build with NVTX profiling enabled (default: OFF)
BUILD_NVJPEG- build with
nvJPEGsupport (default: ON)
BUILD_NVJPEG2K- build with
nvJPEG2ksupport (default: OFF)
BUILD_LIBTIFF- build with
libtiffsupport (default: ON)
BUILD_FFTS- build with
fftssupport (default: ON)
BUILD_LIBSND- build with libsnd support (default: ON)
BUILD_NVOF- build with
NVIDIA OPTICAL FLOW SDKsupport (default: ON)
BUILD_NVDEC- build with
NVIDIA NVDECsupport (default: ON)
BUILD_NVML- build with
NVIDIA Management Library(
NVML) support (default: ON)
BUILD_CUFILE- build with
GPU Direct Storage supportsupport (default: ON)
VERBOSE_LOGS- enables verbose loging in DALI. (default: OFF)
WERROR- treat all build warnings as errors (default: OFF)
BUILD_WITH_ASAN- build with ASAN support (default: OFF). To run issue:
BUILD_DALI_NODEPS- disables support for third party libraries that are normally expected to be available in the system
LINK_DRIVER- enables direct linking with driver libraries or an appropriate stub instead of dlopen it in the runtime (removes the requirement to have clang-python bindings available to generate the stubs)
Enabling this option effectively results in only the most basic parts of DALI to compile (C++ core and kernels libraries). It is useful when wanting to use DALI processing primitives (kernels) directly without the need to use DALI’s executor infrastructure.
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=. ASAN_OPTIONS=symbolize=1:protect_shadow_gap=0 ASAN_SYMBOLIZER_PATH=$(shell which llvm-symbolizer) LD_PRELOAD= *PATH_TO_LIB_ASAN* /libasan.so. *X* *PATH_TO_BINARY* Where *X* depends on used compiler version, for example GCC 7.x uses 4. Tested with GCC 7.4, CUDA 10.0 and libasan.4. Any earlier version may not work.
DALI_BUILD_FLAVOR- Allow to specify custom name sufix (i.e. ‘nightly’) for nvidia-dali whl package
BUILD_JPEG_TURBO- build with
BUILD_LIBTIFF- build with
DALI release packages are built with the options listed above set to ON and NVTX turned OFF. Testing is done with the same configuration. We ensure that DALI compiles with all of those options turned OFF, but there may exist cross-dependencies between some of those features.
Following CMake parameters could be helpful in setting the right paths:
FFMPEG_ROOT_DIR - path to installed FFmpeg
NVJPEG_ROOT_DIR - where nvJPEG can be found (from CUDA 10.0 it is shipped with the CUDA toolkit so this option is not needed there)
libjpeg-turbo options can be obtained from libjpeg CMake docs page
protobuf options can be obtained from protobuf CMake docs page
Cross-compiling for aarch64 Jetson Linux (Docker)¶
Support for aarch64 Jetson Linux platform is experimental. Some of the features are available only for x86-64 target and they are turned off in this build.
Download the JetPack 4.4 SDK for NVIDIA Jetson using the SDK Manager, following the instruction
provided here: https://developer.nvidia.com/embedded/jetpack.
Then select CUDA for the host. After download process has been completed move
cuda-repo-cross-aarch64-10-2-local-10.2.89_1.0-1_all.deb from the download folder
to main DALI folder (they are required for cross build).
Build the aarch64 Jetson Linux Build Container¶
docker build -t nvidia/dali:tools_aarch64-linux -f docker/Dockerfile.cuda_aarch64.deps . docker build -t nvidia/dali:builder_aarch64-linux --build-arg "AARCH64_CUDA_TOOL_IMAGE_NAME=nvidia/dali:tools_aarch64-linux" -f docker/Dockerfile.build.aarch64-linux .
From the root of the DALI source tree
docker run -v $(pwd):/dali nvidia/dali:builder_aarch64-linux
The relevant python wheel will be in