nvidia.dali.fn.readers.file(*, bytes_per_sample_hint=[0], case_sensitive_filter=False, dont_use_mmap=False, file_filters=['*.jpg', '*.jpeg', '*.png', '*.bmp', '*.tif', '*.tiff', '*.pnm', '*.ppm', '*.pgm', '*.pbm', '*.jp2', '*.webp', '*.flac', '*.ogg', '*.wav'], file_list=None, file_root=None, files=None, initial_fill=1024, labels=None, lazy_init=False, num_shards=1, pad_last_batch=False, prefetch_queue_depth=1, preserve=False, random_shuffle=False, read_ahead=False, seed=-1, shard_id=0, shuffle_after_epoch=False, skip_cached_images=False, stick_to_shard=False, tensor_init_bytes=1048576, device=None, name=None)

Reads file contents and returns file-label pairs.

This operator can be used in the following modes:

  1. Listing files from a directory, assigning labels based on subdirectory structure.

In this mode, the directory indicated in file_root argument should contain one or more subdirectories. The files in these subdirectories are listed and assigned labels based on lexicographical order of the subdirectory. If you provide file_filters argument with a list of glob strings, the operator will list files matching at least one of the patterns. Otherwise, a default set of filters is used (see the default value of file_filters for details).

For example, this directory structure:


by default will yield the following outputs:

<contents of 0/image0.jpg>        0
<contents of 0/world_map.jpg>     0
<contents of 0/antarctic.png>     0
<contents of 1/cat.jpeg>          1
<contents of 1/dog.tif>           1
<contents of 2/car.jpeg>          2
<contents of 2/truck.jp2>         2

and with file_filters = ["*.jpg", "*.jpeg"] will yield the following outputs:

<contents of 0/image0.jpg>        0
<contents of 0/world_map.jpg>     0
<contents of 1/cat.jpeg>          1
<contents of 2/car.jpeg>          2
  1. Use file names and labels stored in a text file.

file_list argument points to a file which contains one file name and label per line. Example:

dog.jpg 0
cute kitten.jpg 1
doge.png 0

The file names can contain spaces in the middle, but cannot contain trailing whitespace.

  1. Use file names and labels provided as a list of strings and integers, respectively.

As with other readers, the (file, label) pairs returned by this operator can be randomly shuffled and various sharding strategies can be applied. See documentation of this operator’s arguments for details.

Supported backends
  • ‘cpu’

Keyword Arguments:
  • bytes_per_sample_hint (int or list of int, optional, default = [0]) –

    Output size hint, in bytes per sample.

    If specified, the operator’s outputs residing in GPU or page-locked host memory will be preallocated to accommodate a batch of samples of this size.

  • case_sensitive_filter (bool, optional, default = False) – If set to True, the filter will be matched case-sensitively, otherwise case-insensitively.

  • dont_use_mmap (bool, optional, default = False) –

    If set to True, the Loader will use plain file I/O instead of trying to map the file in memory.

    Mapping provides a small performance benefit when accessing a local file system, but most network file systems, do not provide optimum performance.

  • file_filters (str or list of str, optional, default = [‘*.jpg’, ‘*.jpeg’, ‘*.png’, ‘*.bmp’, ‘*.tif’, ‘*.tiff’, ‘*.pnm’, ‘*.ppm’, ‘*.pgm’, ‘*.pbm’, ‘*.jp2’, ‘*.webp’, ‘*.flac’, ‘*.ogg’, ‘*.wav’]) –

    A list of glob strings to filter the list of files in the sub-directories of the file_root.

    This argument is ignored when file paths are taken from file_list or files.

  • file_list (str, optional) –

    Path to a text file that contains one whitespace-separated filename label pair per line. The filenames are relative to the location of that file or to file_root, if specified.

    This argument is mutually exclusive with files.

  • file_root (str, optional) –

    Path to a directory that contains the data files.

    If not using file_list or files, this directory is traversed to discover the files. file_root is required in this mode of operation.

  • files (str or list of str, optional) –

    A list of file paths to read the data from.

    If file_root is provided, the paths are treated as being relative to it. When using files, the labels are taken from labels argument or, if it was not supplied, contain indices at which given file appeared in the files list.

    This argument is mutually exclusive with file_list.

  • initial_fill (int, optional, default = 1024) –

    Size of the buffer that is used for shuffling.

    If random_shuffle is False, this parameter is ignored.

  • labels (int or list of int, optional) –

    Labels accompanying contents of files listed in files argument.

    If not used, sequential 0-based indices are used as labels

  • lazy_init (bool, optional, default = False) – Parse and prepare the dataset metadata only during the first run instead of in the constructor.

  • num_shards (int, optional, default = 1) –

    Partitions the data into the specified number of parts (shards).

    This is typically used for multi-GPU or multi-node training.

  • pad_last_batch (bool, optional, default = False) –

    If set to True, pads the shard by repeating the last sample.


    If the number of batches differs across shards, this option can cause an entire batch of repeated samples to be added to the dataset.

  • prefetch_queue_depth (int, optional, default = 1) –

    Specifies the number of batches to be prefetched by the internal Loader.

    This value should be increased when the pipeline is CPU-stage bound, trading memory consumption for better interleaving with the Loader thread.

  • preserve (bool, optional, default = False) – Prevents the operator from being removed from the graph even if its outputs are not used.

  • random_shuffle (bool, optional, default = False) –

    Determines whether to randomly shuffle data.

    A prefetch buffer with a size equal to initial_fill is used to read data sequentially, and then samples are selected randomly to form a batch.

  • read_ahead (bool, optional, default = False) –

    Determines whether the accessed data should be read ahead.

    For large files such as LMDB, RecordIO, or TFRecord, this argument slows down the first access but decreases the time of all of the following accesses.

  • seed (int, optional, default = -1) –

    Random seed.

    If not provided, it will be populated based on the global seed of the pipeline.

  • shard_id (int, optional, default = 0) – Index of the shard to read.

  • shuffle_after_epoch (bool, optional, default = False) –

    If set to True, the reader shuffles the entire dataset after each epoch.

    stick_to_shard and random_shuffle cannot be used when this argument is set to True.

  • skip_cached_images (bool, optional, default = False) –

    If set to True, the loading data will be skipped when the sample is in the decoder cache.

    In this case, the output of the loader will be empty.

  • stick_to_shard (bool, optional, default = False) –

    Determines whether the reader should stick to a data shard instead of going through the entire dataset.

    If decoder caching is used, it significantly reduces the amount of data to be cached, but might affect accuracy of the training.

  • tensor_init_bytes (int, optional, default = 1048576) – Hint for how much memory to allocate per image.