Deploying to DeepStream for Deformable DETR

NVIDIA TAO Release 30.2205

The deep learning and computer vision models that you’ve trained can be deployed on edge devices, such as a Jetson Xavier or Jetson Nano, a discrete GPU, or in the cloud with NVIDIA GPUs. TAO Toolkit has been designed to integrate with DeepStream SDK, so models trained with TAO Toolkit will work out of the box with DeepStream SDK.

DeepStream SDK is a streaming analytic toolkit to accelerate building AI-based video analytic applications. This section will describe how to deploy your trained model to DeepStream SDK.

To deploy a model trained by TAO Toolkit to DeepStream we have two options:

  • Option 1: Integrate the .etlt model directly in the DeepStream app. The model file is generated by export.

  • Option 2: Generate a device specific optimized TensorRT engine using tao-deploy. The generated TensorRT engine file can also be ingested by DeepStream.

  • Option 3: (Deprecated) Generate a device specific optimized TensorRT engine using tao-converter.

Machine-specific optimizations are done as part of the engine creation process, so a distinct engine should be generated for each environment and hardware configuration. If the TensorRT or CUDA libraries of the inference environment are updated (including minor version updates), or if a new model is generated, new engines need to be generated. Running an engine that was generated with a different version of TensorRT and CUDA is not supported and will cause unknown behavior that affects inference speed, accuracy, and stability, or it may fail to run altogether.

Option 1 is very straightforward. The .etlt file and calibration cache are directly used by DeepStream. DeepStream will automatically generate the TensorRT engine file and then run inference. TensorRT engine generation can take some time depending on size of the model and type of hardware. Engine generation can be done ahead of time with Option 2. With option 2, the tao-deploy is used to convert the .etlt file to TensorRT; this file is then provided directly to DeepStream. The tao-converter follows the similar workflow as tao-deploy. This option is deprecated for 4.0.0 and will not be available in the future release.

See the Exporting the Model section for more details on how to export a TAO model.

The TensorRT OSS build is required for Deformable DETR models because several prerequisite TensorRT plugins are only available in the TensorRT open source repo and not in the general TensorRT release. Specifically, you need the MultiscaleDeformableAttnPlugin_TRT for Deformable DETR.

If your deployment platform is an x86 PC with an NVIDIA GPU, follow the TensorRT OSS on x86 instructions; if your deployment platform is NVIDIA Jetson, follow the TensorRT OSS on Jetson (ARM64) instructions.

TensorRT OSS on x86

Building TensorRT OSS on x86:

  1. Install Cmake (>=3.13).

    Note

    TensorRT OSS requires cmake >= v3.13, so install cmake 3.13 if your cmake version is lower than 3.13c

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    sudo apt remove --purge --auto-remove cmake wget https://github.com/Kitware/CMake/releases/download/v3.13.5/cmake-3.13.5.tar.gz tar xvf cmake-3.13.5.tar.gz cd cmake-3.13.5/ ./configure make -j$(nproc) sudo make install sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/cmake /usr/bin/cmake


  2. Get GPU architecture. The GPU_ARCHS value can be retrieved by the deviceQuery CUDA sample:

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    cd /usr/local/cuda/samples/1_Utilities/deviceQuery sudo make ./deviceQuery

    If the /usr/local/cuda/samples doesn’t exist in your system, you could download deviceQuery.cpp from this GitHub repo. Compile and run deviceQuery.

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    nvcc deviceQuery.cpp -o deviceQuery ./deviceQuery

    This command will output something like this, which indicates the GPU_ARCHS is 75 based on CUDA Capability major/minor version.

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    Detected 2 CUDA Capable device(s) Device 0: "Tesla T4" CUDA Driver Version / Runtime Version 10.2 / 10.2 CUDA Capability Major/Minor version number: 7.5

  3. Build TensorRT OSS:

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    git clone -b 21.08 https://github.com/nvidia/TensorRT cd TensorRT/ git submodule update --init --recursive export TRT_SOURCE=`pwd` cd $TRT_SOURCE mkdir -p build && cd build

    Note

    Make sure your GPU_ARCHS from step 2 is in TensorRT OSS CMakeLists.txt. If GPU_ARCHS is not in TensorRT OSS CMakeLists.txt, add -DGPU_ARCHS=<VER> as below, where <VER> represents GPU_ARCHS from step 2.

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    /usr/local/bin/cmake .. -DGPU_ARCHS=xy -DTRT_LIB_DIR=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=/usr/bin/gcc -DTRT_BIN_DIR=`pwd`/out make nvinfer_plugin -j$(nproc)

    After building ends successfully, libnvinfer_plugin.so* will be generated under \`pwd\`/out/.

  4. Replace the original libnvinfer_plugin.so*:

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    sudo mv /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.x.y ${HOME}/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.x.y.bak // backup original libnvinfer_plugin.so.x.y sudo cp $TRT_SOURCE/`pwd`/out/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.m.n /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.x.y sudo ldconfig

TensorRT OSS on Jetson (ARM64)

  1. Install Cmake (>=3.13)

    Note

    TensorRT OSS requires cmake >= v3.13, while the default cmake on Jetson/Ubuntu 18.04 is cmake 3.10.2.

    Upgrade TensorRT OSS using:

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    sudo apt remove --purge --auto-remove cmake wget https://github.com/Kitware/CMake/releases/download/v3.13.5/cmake-3.13.5.tar.gz tar xvf cmake-3.13.5.tar.gz cd cmake-3.13.5/ ./configure make -j$(nproc) sudo make install sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/cmake /usr/bin/cmake

  2. Get GPU architecture based on your platform. The GPU_ARCHS for different Jetson platform are given in the following table.

    Jetson Platform

    GPU_ARCHS

    Nano/Tx1

    53

    Tx2

    62

    AGX Xavier/Xavier NX

    72

  3. Build TensorRT OSS:

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    git clone -b 21.03 https://github.com/nvidia/TensorRT cd TensorRT/ git submodule update --init --recursive export TRT_SOURCE=`pwd` cd $TRT_SOURCE mkdir -p build && cd build

    Note

    The -DGPU_ARCHS=72 below is for Xavier or NX, for other Jetson platform, change 72 referring to GPU_ARCHS from step 2.

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    /usr/local/bin/cmake .. -DGPU_ARCHS=72 -DTRT_LIB_DIR=/usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/ -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=/usr/bin/gcc -DTRT_BIN_DIR=`pwd`/out make nvinfer_plugin -j$(nproc)

    After building ends successfully, libnvinfer_plugin.so* will be generated under ‘pwd’/out/.

  4. Replace “libnvinfer_plugin.so*" with the newly generated.

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    sudo mv /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.x.y ${HOME}/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.x.y.bak // backup original libnvinfer_plugin.so.x.y sudo cp `pwd`/out/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.m.n /usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu/libnvinfer_plugin.so.8.x.y sudo ldconfig

The tao-converter tool is provided with the TAO Toolkit to facilitate the deployment of TAO trained models on TensorRT and/or Deepstream. This section elaborates on how to generate a TensorRT engine using tao-converter.

For deployment platforms with an x86-based CPU and discrete GPUs, the tao-converter is distributed within the TAO docker. Therefore, we suggest using the docker to generate the engine. However, this requires that the user adhere to the same minor version of TensorRT as distributed with the docker. The TAO docker includes TensorRT version 8.0.

Instructions for x86

For an x86 platform with discrete GPUs, the default TAO package includes the tao-converter built for TensorRT 8.2.5.1 with CUDA 11.4 and CUDNN 8.2. However, for any other version of CUDA and TensorRT, please refer to the overview section for download. Once the tao-converter is downloaded, follow the instructions below to generate a TensorRT engine.

  1. Unzip the zip file on the target machine.

  2. Install the OpenSSL package using the command:

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    sudo apt-get install libssl-dev

  3. Export the following environment variables:

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$ export TRT_LIB_PATH=”/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu” $ export TRT_INC_PATH=”/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu”

  1. Run the tao-converter using the sample command below and generate the engine.

  2. Instructions to build TensorRT OSS on Jetson can be found in the TensorRT OSS on x86 section above or in this GitHub repo.

Note

Make sure to follow the output node names as mentioned in Exporting the Model section of the respective model.


Instructions for Jetson

For the Jetson platform, the tao-converter is available to download in the NVIDIA developer zone. You may choose the version you wish to download as listed in the overview section. Once the tao-converter is downloaded, please follow the instructions below to generate a TensorRT engine.

  1. Unzip the zip file on the target machine.

  2. Install the OpenSSL package using the command:

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    sudo apt-get install libssl-dev

  3. Export the following environment variables:

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$ export TRT_LIB_PATH=”/usr/lib/aarch64-linux-gnu” $ export TRT_INC_PATH=”/usr/include/aarch64-linux-gnu”

  1. For Jetson devices, TensorRT comes pre-installed with Jetpack. If you are using older JetPack, upgrade to JetPack-5.0DP.

  2. Instructions to build TensorRT OSS on Jetson can be found in the TensorRT OSS on Jetson (ARM64) section above or in this GitHub repo.

  3. Run the tao-converter using the sample command below and generate the engine.

Note

Make sure to follow the output node names as mentioned in Exporting the Model section of the respective model.


Using the tao-converter

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tao-converter [-h] -k <encryption_key> -d <input_dimensions> -o <comma separated output nodes> [-c <path to calibration cache file>] [-e <path to output engine>] [-b <calibration batch size>] [-m <maximum batch size of the TRT engine>] [-t <engine datatype>] [-w <maximum workspace size of the TRT Engine>] [-i <input dimension ordering>] [-p <optimization_profiles>] [-s] [-u <DLA_core>] input_file

Required Arguments

  • input_file: The path to the .etlt model exported using export.

  • -k: The key used to encode the .tlt model when training

  • -d: A comma-separated list of input dimensions that should match the dimensions used for tao deformable_detr export

  • -o: A comma-separated list of output blob names that should match the output configuration used for tao deformable_detr export. For Deformable DETR, set this argument to NMS.

Optional Arguments

  • -e: The path to save the engine to. The default path is ./saved.engine.

  • -t: The desired engine data type, which generates calibration cache if in INT8 mode. The default value is fp32. The options are fp32, fp16, and int8.

  • -w: The maximum workspace size for the TensorRT engine. The default value is 1073741824(1<<30).

  • -i: The input dimension ordering; all other TAO commands use NCHW. The options are nchw, nhwc, nc. For Deformable DETR, you can omit this argument since the default value is nchw.

  • -p: Optimization profiles for .etlt models with dynamic shape. The argument format is a comma-separated list of optimization profile shapes in the format <input_name>,<min_shape>,<opt_shape>,<max_shape>, where each shape has the format <n>x<c>x<h>x<w>. This argument can be specified multiple times if there are multiple input tensors for the model. This is only useful for new models introduced in TAO Toolkit v3.0.

  • -s: A Boolean to apply TensorRT strict type constraints when building the TensorRT engine.

  • -u: Specifies the DLA core index when building the TensorRT engine on Jetson devices.

INT8 Mode Arguments

  • -c: The path to the calibration cache file, which is only used in INT8 mode. The default value is ./cal.bin.

  • -b: The batch size used during the export step for INT8 calibration cache generation. The default value is 8.

  • -m: The maximum batch size for the TensorRT engine. The default value is 16. If you encounter out-of-memory issues, decrease the batch size accordingly. This parameter is only useful for .etlt models generated with dynamic shape.

Sample Output Log

Here is a sample log for exporting a Deformable DETR model.

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tao-converter -k $KEY \ -p inputx,1x3x544x960,4x3x544x960,8x3x544x960, \ -e /export/trt.fp16.engine \ -t fp16 \ /ws/tlt_266_0049.etlt

For Deformable DETR, you will need to build the TensorRT open source plugins and custom bounding box parser. The instructions are provided in the TensorRT Open Source Software (OSS)`_ section above, and the required code can be found in this GitHub repo.

In order to integrate the models with DeepStream, you need the following:

  • The DeepStream SDK. The installation instructions for DeepStream are provided in the DeepStream Development Guide.

  • An exported .etlt model file and optional calibration cache for INT8 precision.

  • TensorRT 8+ OSS Plugins .

  • A labels.txt file containing the labels for classes in the order in which the networks produces outputs.

  • A sample config_infer_*.txt file to configure the nvinfer element in DeepStream. The nvinfer element handles everything related to TensorRT optimization and engine creation in DeepStream.

The DeepStream SDK ships with an end-to-end reference application that is fully configurable. You can configure the input sources, inference model, and output sinks. The app requires a primary object detection model, followed by an optional secondary classification model. The reference application is installed as deepstream-app. The graphic below shows the architecture of the reference application.

arch_ref_appl.png


There are typically two or more configuration files that are used with this app. In the install directory, the config files are located in samples/configs/deepstream-app or sample/configs/tlt_pretrained_models. The main config file configures all the high level parameters in the pipeline above, setting the input source and resolution, number of inferences, tracker and output sinks. The supporting config files are for each individual inference engine. The inference-specific config files are used to specify models, inference resolution, batch size, number of classes and other customization. The main config file will call all the supporting config files. Here are some config files in samples/configs/deepstream-app for reference:

  • source4_1080p_dec_infer-resnet_tracker_sgie_tiled_display_int8.txt: The main config file

  • config_infer_primary.txt: The supporting config file for the primary detector in the pipeline above

  • config_infer_secondary_*.txt: The supporting config file for the secondary classifier in the pipeline above

The deepstream-app will only work with the main config file. This file will most likely remain the same for all models and can be used directly from the DeepStream SDK with little to no change. You will only need to modify or create config_infer_primary.txt and config_infer_secondary_*.txt.

Integrating an Deformable DETR Model

To run an Deformable DETR model in DeepStream, you need a label file and a DeepStream configuration file. In addition, you need to compile the TensorRT 8+ OSS and Deformable DETR bounding box parser for DeepStream.

A DeepStream sample with documentation on how to run inference using the trained Deformable DETR models from TAO Toolkit is provided on GitHub here.

Prerequisite for Deformable DETR Model

  1. Deformable DETR requires MultiscaleDeformableAttnPlugin_TRT. This plugin is available in the TensorRT open source repo. Detailed instructions to build TensorRT OSS can be found in TensorRT Open Source Software (OSS).

  2. Deformable DETR requires custom bounding-box parsers that are not built-in inside the DeepStream SDK. The source code to build custom bounding-box parsers for Deformable DETR is available here. The following instructions can be used to build the bounding-box parser:

    1. Install git-lfs (git >= 1.8.2)

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      curl -s https://packagecloud.io/install/repositories/github/git-lfs/ script.deb.sh | sudo bash sudo apt-get install git-lfs git lfs install

    2. Download the source code with SSH or HTTPS:

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      git clone -b release/tlt3.0 https://github.com/NVIDIA-AI-IOT/deepstream_tlt_apps

    3. Build the custom bounding-box parser:

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      // or Path for DS installation export CUDA_VER=10.2 // CUDA version, e.g. 10.2 make

This generates libnvds_infercustomparser_tlt.so in the directory post_processor.

If the COCO annotation file has the following in categories:

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[{'supercategory': 'Person', 'id': 1, 'name': 'Person'}, {'supercategory': 'Face', 'id': 1, 'name': 'Face'}, {'supercategory': 'Bag', 'id': 2, 'name': 'Bag'}]

Then the corresponding ddetr_labels.txt file will be as follows:

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BG Person Face Bag

The detection model is typically used as a primary inference engine. It can also be used as a secondary inference engine. To run this model in the sample deepstream-app, you must modify the existing config_infer_primary.txt file to point to this model.

dstream_deploy_options2.png


Option 1: Integrate the model (.etlt) directly in the DeepStream app.

For this option, users will need to add the following parameters in the configuration file.

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tlt-encoded-model=<TLT exported .etlt> tlt-model-key=<Model export key>

The tlt-encoded-model parameter points to the exported model (.etlt) from TLT. The tlt-model-key is the encryption key used during model export.

Option 2: Integrate the TensorRT engine file with DeepStream app.

Step 1: Generate TensorRT engine using tao-converter. Detailed instructions are provided in the Generating an engine using tao-converter section above.

Step 2: Once the engine file is generated successfully, modify the following parameters to use this engine with DeepStream.

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model-engine-file=<PATH to generated TensorRT engine>

All other parameters are common between the two approaches. To use the custom bounding box parser instead of the default parsers in DeepStream, modify the following parameters in [property] section of config_infer_primary.txt file:

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parse-bbox-func-name=NvDsInferParseCustomDDETRTAO custom-lib-path=<PATH to libnvds_infercustomparser_tlt.so>

Add the label file generated above using:

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labelfile-path=<deformable_detr labels>

For all the options, see the sample configuration file below. To learn about what all the parameters are used for, refer to the DeepStream Development Guide.

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[property] gpu-id=0 offsets=123.675;116.28;103.53 net-scale-factor=0.0173520735728 labelfile-path=<Path to ddetr_labels.txt> tlt-encoded-model=<Path to Deformable DETR etlt model> tlt-model-key=<Key to decrypt model> model-engine-file=<Path to Deformable DETR engine file> batch-size=1 ## 0=FP32, 1=INT8, 2=FP16 mode network-mode=2 num-detected-classes=4 interval=0 gie-unique-id=1 output-blob-names=pred_boxes;pred_logits infer-dims=3;544;960 cluster-mode=2 parse-bbox-func-name=NvDsInferParseCustomDDETRTAO custom-lib-path=libnvds_infercustomparser_tao.so [class-attrs-all] pre-cluster-threshold=0.5 topk=20 nms-iou-threshold=0.5

© Copyright 2022, NVIDIA.. Last updated on Dec 2, 2022.