Virtual GPU Software Quick Start Guide

Minimal instructions for installing and configuring NVIDIA virtual GPU software.

About this Guide

Virtual GPU Software Quick Start Guide provides minimal instructions for installing and configuring NVIDIA® virtual GPU software on the Citrix Hypervisor or VMware vSphere hypervisor and for installing and configuring a Cloud License Service (CLS) instance or a standalone Delegated License Service (DLS) instance. The instructions for configuring a DLS instance assume that the VM that hosts the DLS instance has been assigned an IP address automatically. If you need complete instructions, are using other platforms, are hosting a DLS instance on a VM that has not been assigned an IP address automatically, or require high availability for a DLS instance, refer to Virtual GPU Software User Guide and NVIDIA License System User Guide. If you want to use the legacy NVIDIA vGPU software license server, refer to Virtual GPU License Server Release Notes and Virtual GPU License Server User Guide.

1. Getting NVIDIA vGPU Software

After your order for NVIDIA vGPU software is processed, you will receive an order confirmation message from NVIDIA. This message contains information that you need for getting NVIDIA vGPU software from the NVIDIA Licensing Portal. To log in to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, you must have an NVIDIA Enterprise Account.

1.1. Before You Begin

Before following the procedures in this guide, ensure that the following prerequisites are met:

  • You have a server platform that is capable of hosting your chosen hypervisor and NVIDIA GPUs that support NVIDIA vGPU software. For a list of validated server platforms, refer to NVIDIA GRID Certified Servers.
  • One or more NVIDIA GPUs that support NVIDIA vGPU software is installed in your server platform.
  • A supported virtualization software stack is installed according to the instructions in the software vendor's documentation.
  • A virtual machine (VM) running a supported Windows guest operating system (OS) is configured in your chosen hypervisor.
For information about supported hardware and software, and any known issues for this release of NVIDIA vGPU software, refer to the Release Notes for your chosen hypervisor:

1.2. Your Order Confirmation Message

After your order for NVIDIA vGPU software is processed, you will receive an order confirmation message to which your NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate is attached.



Screen capture showing an order confirmation message for NVIDIA vGPU software

Your NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate contains your product activation keys.



Screen capture showing an NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate

Your NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate also provides instructions for using the certificate.



Screen capture showing instructions for using an NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate

1.3. NVIDIA Enterprise Account Requirements

To get NVIDIA vGPU software, you must have a suitable NVIDIA Enterprise Account for accessing your licenses.

Note: For a Support, Upgrade, and Maintenance Subscription (SUMS) renewal, you should already have a suitable NVIDIA Enterprise Account and this requirement should already be met. However, if you have an account that was created for an evaluation license and you want to access licenses that you purchased, you must repeat the registration process.
  • If you do not have an account, follow the Register link in the instructions for using the certificate to create your account. For details, refer to Creating your NVIDIA Enterprise Account.
  • If you have an account that was created for an evaluation license and you want to access licenses that you purchased, follow the Register link in the instructions for using the certificate to create an account for your purchased licenses. You can choose to create a separate account for your purchased licenses or link your existing account for an evaluation license to the account for your purchased licenses.
  • If you already have a suitable NVIDIA Enterprise Account for accessing your licenses, follow the Login link in the instructions for using the certificate to log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub, go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, and download your NVIDIA vGPU software. For details, refer to Downloading NVIDIA vGPU Software.

1.4. Creating your NVIDIA Enterprise Account

If you do not have an NVIDIA Enterprise Account, you must create an account to be able to log in to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.

If you already have an account, skip this task and go to Downloading NVIDIA vGPU Software.

However, if you have an account that was created for an evaluation license and you want to access licenses that you purchased, you must repeat the registration process when you receive your purchased licenses. You can choose to create a separate account for your purchased licenses or link your existing account for an evaluation license to the account for your purchased licenses.

  • To create a separate account for your purchased licenses, perform this task, specifying a different e-mail address than the address with which you created your existing account.
  • To link your existing account for an evaluation license to the account for your purchased licenses, follow the instructions in Linking an Evaluation Account to an NVIDIA Enterprise Account for Purchased Licenses, specifying the e-mail address with which you created your existing account.
Before you begin, ensure that you have your order confirmation message.
  1. In the instructions for using your NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate, follow the Register link.
  2. Fill out the form on the NVIDIA Enterprise Account Registration page and click Register.

    Screen capture showing the NVIDIA Enterprise Account Registration page.

    A message confirming that an account has been created appears, and an e-mail instructing you to set your NVIDIA password is sent to the e-mail address you provided.
  3. Open the e-mail instructing you to set your password and click SET PASSWORD.

    Screen capture showing the e-mail instructing you to set your NVIDIA Enterprise Account password.

    Note: After you have set your password during the initial registration process, you will be able to log in to your account within 15 minutes. However, it may take up to 24 business hours for your entitlement to appear in your account.

    For your account security, the SET PASSWORD link in this e-mail is set to expire in 24 hours.

  4. Enter and re-enter your new password, and click SUBMIT.

    Screen capture showing the dialog box for creating an NVIDIA Enterprise Account password.

    A message confirming that your password has been set successfully appears.



    Screen capture showing the message confirming that the NVIDIA Enterprise Account password has been set successfully.

    You are then automatically directed to log in to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal with your new password.

1.5. Linking an Evaluation Account to an NVIDIA Enterprise Account for Purchased Licenses

If you have an account that was created for an evaluation license, you must repeat the registration process when you receive your purchased licenses. To link your existing account for an evaluation license to the account for your purchased licenses, register for an NVIDIA Enterprise Account with the e-mail address with which you created your existing account.

If you want to create a separate account for your purchased licenses, follow the instructions in Creating your NVIDIA Enterprise Account, specifying a different e-mail address than the address with which you created your existing account.

  1. In the instructions for using the NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate for your purchased licenses, follow the Register link.
  2. Fill out the form on the NVIDIA Enterprise Account Registration page, specifying the e-mail address with which you created your existing account, and click Register.

    Screen capture showing the NVIDIA Enterprise Account Registration page.

  3. When a message stating that your e-mail address is already linked to an evaluation account is displayed, click LINK TO NEW ACCOUNT.

    Screen capture showing the option for linking an evaluation account to a new NVIDIA Enterprise Account for purchased licenses.

Log in to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal with the credentials for your existing account.

1.6. Downloading NVIDIA vGPU Software

Before you begin, ensure that you have your order confirmation message and have created an NVIDIA Enterprise Account.
  1. Visit the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub by following the Login link in the instructions for using your NVIDIA Entitlement Certificate or when prompted after setting the password for your NVIDIA Enterprise Account.
  2. When prompted, provide your e-mail address and password, and click LOGIN.

    Screen capture showing the NVIDIA Enterprise Account page.

  3. On the NVIDIA APPLICATION HUB page that opens, click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL.

    The NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard page opens.



    Screen capture showing the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard with no license servers.

    Note: Your entitlement might not appear on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard page until 24 business hours after you set your password during the initial registration process.
  4. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard page opens, click the down arrow next to each entitlement listed to view details of the NVIDIA vGPU software that you purchased.

    Screen capture showing the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard with all entitlements expanded.

  5. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, click SOFTWARE DOWNLOADS.
  6. On the Product Download page that opens, set the Product Family option to vGPU and follow the Download link for the brand and version of your chosen hypervisor for the release of NVIDIA vGPU software that you are using, for example, NVIDIA vGPU for vSphere 6.7 for NVIDIA vGPU software release 14.1.
    Note: To be able to download any additional software that you need for your NVIDIA vGPU software deployment, for example, the license server software, you must set the Product Family option to vGPU. Otherwise, the ADDITIONAL SOFTWARE button does not appear on the Product Download page and the pop-up window for downloading additional software is not opened.


    Screen capture showing the Product Download page.

    If the brand and version of your chosen hypervisor for the release of NVIDIA vGPU software that you are using aren't displayed, click ALL AVAILABLE to display a list of all NVIDIA vGPU software available for download. Use the drop-down lists or the search box to filter the software listed.

  7. When prompted to accept the license for the software that you are downloading, click AGREE & DOWNLOAD.
  8. When the browser asks what it should do with the file, select the option to save the file.

    After the download starts, a pop-up window opens for you to download any additional software that you might need for your NVIDIA vGPU software deployment.



    Screen capture showing the Download Complete pop-up window.

  9. In the pop-up window, follow the links to download any additional software that you need for your NVIDIA vGPU software deployment.
    1. If you are using Delegated License Service (DLS) instances to serve licenses, follow the link to DLS 1.0 for your chosen hypervisor, for example, DLS 1.0 for VMware vSphere. For information about installing and configuring DLS instances, refer to NVIDIA License System User Guide.
    2. If you are using NVIDIA GPU Operator, follow the GPU Operator vGPU Driver Catalogs link.
    3. Follow the link to the NVIDIA vGPU software license server software for your license server host machine’s operating system, for example, License Manager for Windows.
    4. If you are using an NVIDIA Tesla™ M60 or M6 GPU and think you might need to change its mode, follow the Mode Change Utility link. For details about when you need to change the mode, see Switching the Mode of a Tesla M60 or M6 GPU.

2. Installing Your NVIDIA vGPU Software License Server and License Files

The NVIDIA License System is used to serve a pool of floating licenses to licensed NVIDIA software products. The NVIDIA License System is configured with licenses obtained from the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.

Note: These instructions cover only the configuration of a Cloud License Service (CLS) instance or a standalone Delegated License Service (DLS) instance. The instructions for configuring a DLS instance assume that the VM that hosts the DLS instance has been assigned an IP address automatically. If you need complete instructions, are hosting a DLS instance on a VM that has not been assigned an IP address automatically, or require high availability for a DLS instance, refer to NVIDIA License System User Guide.

2.1. Introduction to NVIDIA Software Licensing

To activate licensed functionalities, a licensed client leases a software license served over the network from an NVIDIA License System service instance when the client is booted. The license is returned to the service instance when the licensed client is shut down.

2.2. Configuring a CLS Instance

A Cloud License Service (CLS) instance is hosted on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.

2.2.1. Creating a License Server on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal

To be able to allot licenses to an NVIDIA License System instance, you must create at least one license server on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal. Creating a license server defines the set of licenses to be allotted.

  1. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group for which you want to create the license server.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
    If no license servers have been created for your organization or virtual group, the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard displays a message asking if you want to create a license server.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, expand LICENSE SERVER and click CREATE SERVER. The Create License Server wizard is started.

    Screen capture showing the Create Server tab of the NLS navigation pane

    The Create License Server wizard opens.



    Screen capture showing the Create License Server wizard

  3. On the Basic details page of the wizard, provide the details of your license server.
    1. Ensure that the Create legacy server option is not set. Setting this option creates a legacy NVIDIA vGPU software license server, not a license server for NVIDIA License System.
    2. In the Server Name field, enter your choice of name for the license server.
    3. In the Description field, enter a text description of the license server. This description is required and will be displayed on the details page for the license server that you are creating.
    4. Optional: If you want NVIDIA License System to automatically bind the license server to and install it on the default CLS instance, select the Express CLS Installation? option.
    5. Click Next: Select features.
  4. On the Select features page of the wizard, add the licenses for the products that you want to allot to this license server. For each product, add the licenses as follows:
    1. In the list of products, select the product for which you want to add licenses.
    2. In the text-entry field in the ADDED column, enter the number of licenses for the product that you want to add.

      Screen capture showing the Added column of the Create License Server wizard

    3. Click Next: Preview server creation.
  5. On the Preview server creation page, click CREATE SERVER.

    Screen capture showing the final step in the Create Server wizard

2.2.2. Creating a CLS Instance on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal

When you create a CLS instance, the instance is automatically registered with the NVIDIA Licensing Portal. This task is only necessary if you are not using the default CLS instance.

  1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, click SERVICE INSTANCES.

    Screen capture showing the Service Instances tab on the NLS navigation pane

  3. On the Service Instances page, from the Actions menu, choose Create cloud (CLS) instance.

    The Create cloud (CLS) instance pop-up window opens.

  4. Provide the details of your cloud service instance.
    1. In the Name field, enter your choice of name for the service instance.
    2. In the Description field, enter a text description of the service instance. This description is required and will be displayed on the Service Instances page when the entry for service instance that you are creating is expanding.
  5. Click CREATE CLS INSTANCE.

2.2.3. Binding a License Server to a Service Instance

Binding a license server to a service instance ensures that licenses on the server are available only from that service instance. As a result, the licenses are available only to the licensed clients that are served by the service instance to which the license server is bound.

  1. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group to which the license server belongs.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, expand LICENSE SERVER and click LIST SERVERS.
  3. In the list of license servers on the License Servers page that opens, from the Actions menu for the service instance, choose Bind.
  4. In the Bind Service Instance pop-up window that opens, select the service instance to which you want to bind the license server and click BIND. The Bind Service Instance pop-up window confirms that the license server has been bound to the service instance.

2.2.4. Installing a License Server on a CLS Instance

This task is necessary only if you are not using the default CLS instance.
  1. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group for which you want to install the license server.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, expand LICENSE SERVER and click LIST SERVERS.
  3. In the list of license servers on the License Servers page that opens, click the name of the license server that you want to install.
  4. In the License Server Details page that opens, from the Actions menu, choose Install.
  5. In the Install License Server pop-up window that opens, click INSTALL SERVER.

2.2.5. Generating a Client Configuration Token for a CLS Instance

  1. Log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
  2. If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, select the virtual group for which you are managing licenses from the list of virtual groups at the top right of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard.
  3. In the left navigation pane, click SERVICE INSTANCES.

    Screen capture showing the Service Instances topic in the navigation pane.

  4. On the Service Instances page that opens, from the Actions menu for the CLS instance for which you want to generate a client configuration token, choose Generate client configuration token.
  5. In the Generate Client Configuration Token pop-up window that opens, select the references that you want to include in the client configuration token.
    1. From the list of scope references, select the scope references that you want to include.

      You must select at least one scope reference.

      Each scope reference specifies the license server that will fulfil a license request.

    2. Optional: Click the Fulfillment class references tab, and from the list of fulfillment class references, select the fulfillment class references that you want to include.

      Screen capture showing the selection of scope references and fulfillment class references for inclusion in a client configuration token

      Including fulfillment class references is optional.
    3. Click DOWNLOAD CLIENT CONFIGURATION TOKEN.


    Screen capture showing the selection of scope references and fulfillment class references for inclusion in a client configuration token

    A file named client_configuration_token_mm-dd-yyyy-hh-mm-ss.tok is saved to your default downloads folder.
After creating a client configuration token from a service instance, copy the client configuration token to each licensed client that you want to use the combination of license servers and fulfillment conditions specified in the token. For more information, see Configuring a Licensed Client.

2.3. Configuring a DLS Instance

A Delegated License Service (DLS) instance is hosted on-premises at a location that is accessible from your private network, such as inside your data center.

Before configuring a DLS instance, ensure that the DLS virtual appliance is installed in a suitable VM as explained in NVIDIA License System User Guide.

2.3.1. Registering the DLS Administrator User

Each DLS virtual appliance is configured with a user account specifically for administering the DLS. This account provides access through a web-based management interface to the NVIDIA Licensing application on the appliance. Before administering a DLS virtual appliance, you must register this user to be able to access this management interface.

  1. Open a web browser and connect to the URL https://dls-vm-ip-address.
    dls-vm-ip-address
    The IP address or, if defined, the fully qualified domain name of the VM on which the DLS virtual appliance is installed.

    You can get the IP address from the management console of your hypervisor.

  2. On the Set Up page that opens, click NEW INSTALLATION.
  3. On the Register User page that opens, provide a password for the user dls_admin, and confirm the password.

    The password must be at least eight characters long and is case sensitive.

    Note: If the DLS administrator user has already been registered, the login page opens instead of the Register User page.
  4. Determine whether you want to enable an additional user that will be able to access the log files for the DLS virtual appliance. This additional user will have the user name dls_diagnostics and the password that you provide for the dls_admin user. The dls_diagnostics user will be able to access the log files for the DLS virtual appliance by logging in to the DLS virtual appliance from the hypervisor console.
    • If you want to enable this additional user, ensure that the Create a diagnostic user option remains selected.
    • Otherwise, deselect the Create a diagnostic user option.
    Note: You can enable or disable the dls_diagnostics user at any time after the DLS administrator user is registered. Click View settings at the top right of any page in the NVIDIA Licensing application on the DLS virtual appliance. Then, in the My Info window that opens, change the setting of the Diagnotics user option.
  5. Click REGISTER. The Register User page is refreshed to confirm that the user has been registered and displays a local reset secret to enable you to reset the user's password.
  6. Copy the local reset secret and store it securely, for example, by clicking the clipboard icon and pasting the local reset secret into a plain text file that is readable only by you. You will need this key to reset the DLS administrator user's password.
  7. Click CONTINUE TO LOGIN.
  8. On the login page that opens, type the user name of the DLS administrator user, provide the password that you set for this user, and click LOGIN.

2.3.2. Configuring a Standalone DLS Instance

A standalone DLS instance must be registered before it can be used.

Ensure that the following prerequisites are met:

  • The DLS virtual appliance that will host the instance has been installed and started.
  • The DLS administrator user has been registered on the virtual appliance that will host the DLS instance.
  • The DLS instance has not been configured as a member of a highly available (HA) cluster of DLS instances.
  1. Log in to the DLS virtual appliance that will host the DLS instance.
  2. In the left navigation pane, click SERVICE INSTANCE.
  3. On the Service Instance page that opens, under Node Configuration, ensure that the Enable High Availability option is not set.
  4. Click CREATE STANDALONE to start the configuration and wait for it to complete. The Service Instance page displays the progress of the standalone DLS instance configuration.
When the configuration is complete, the Service Instance page is updated to show the node health of the standalone DLS instance.

2.3.3. Changing the Name and Description of a DLS Instance

By default, a DLS instance is created with the name DEFAULT_timestamp and the description ON_PREM_SERVICE_INSTANCE. To distinguish a DLS instance on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal when multiple DLS instances are configured, change these defaults to a meaningful name and the description.

Perform this task from the DLS virtual appliance.
  1. Log in to the DLS virtual appliance that is hosting the instance whose name and description you want to change.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing dashboard, click SERVICE INSTANCE.
  3. On the Service Instance page that opens, click EDIT.
  4. In the Edit Service Instance dialog box that opens, type your choice of name and description for the instance and click UPDATE.
    Note: The instance name cannot contain special characters.
    The name and description of the instance are updated on the Service Instance page.

2.3.4. Creating a License Server on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal

To be able to allot licenses to an NVIDIA License System instance, you must create at least one license server on the NVIDIA Licensing Portal. Creating a license server defines the set of licenses to be allotted.

  1. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group for which you want to create the license server.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
    If no license servers have been created for your organization or virtual group, the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard displays a message asking if you want to create a license server.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, expand LICENSE SERVER and click CREATE SERVER. The Create License Server wizard is started.

    Screen capture showing the Create Server tab of the NLS navigation pane

    The Create License Server wizard opens.



    Screen capture showing the Create License Server wizard

  3. On the Basic details page of the wizard, provide the details of your license server.
    1. Ensure that the Create legacy server option is not set. Setting this option creates a legacy NVIDIA vGPU software license server, not a license server for NVIDIA License System.
    2. In the Server Name field, enter your choice of name for the license server.
    3. In the Description field, enter a text description of the license server. This description is required and will be displayed on the details page for the license server that you are creating.
    4. Optional: If you want NVIDIA License System to automatically bind the license server to and install it on the default CLS instance, select the Express CLS Installation? option.
    5. Click Next: Select features.
  4. On the Select features page of the wizard, add the licenses for the products that you want to allot to this license server. For each product, add the licenses as follows:
    1. In the list of products, select the product for which you want to add licenses.
    2. In the text-entry field in the ADDED column, enter the number of licenses for the product that you want to add.

      Screen capture showing the Added column of the Create License Server wizard

    3. Click Next: Preview server creation.
  5. On the Preview server creation page, click CREATE SERVER.

    Screen capture showing the final step in the Create Server wizard

2.3.5. Registering an on-Premises DLS Instance with the NVIDIA Licensing Portal

A DLS instance is created automatically when the virtual appliance on which the instance resides is installed. However, to enable the instance to be bound to a license server, you must register the instance with the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.

Registering an on-premises DLS instance with the NVIDIA Licensing Portal involves the exchange of a DLS instance token between the instance and the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.

A DLS instance token is created by a DLS instance. It identifies the DLS instance to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal and enables it to locate the NVIDIA Licensing Portal. After downloading the token from the DLS instance, you must upload it to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal to complete the registration of the service instance.

  1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Licensing application at the IP address of the VM on which the DLS virtual appliance is installed.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing dashboard, click SERVICE INSTANCES.
  3. On the Service Instance page that opens, click DOWNLOAD DLS INSTANCE TOKEN. A DLS instance token file that is named dls_instance_token_mm-dd-yyyy-hh-mm-ss.tok is downloaded.
  4. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group for which you are registering the service instance.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
  5. On the Service Instances page, from the Actions menu, choose Upload on-premises (DLS) instance token.

    Screen capture showing the Actions menu to register a DLS Instance Token.

  6. On Service Instances page that opens, click UPLOAD DLS INSTANCE TOKEN.
  7. In the Upload DLS Instance Token window that opens, click SELECT INSTANCE TOKEN.

    Screen capture showing the SELECT INSTANCE TOKEN button to upload a DLS instance token.

  8. In the file browser that opens, navigate to the folder that contains the DLS instance token file that is named dls_instance_token_mm-dd-yyyy-hh-mm-ss.tok that you downloaded and select the file.
  9. Back in the Upload DLS Instance Token window, select the For New Installation option and click UPLOAD INSTANCE TOKEN. The list of pending registrations is opened and the service instance identified by the DLS instance token that you uploaded is listed.
  10. In the list of pending registrations, follow the Register link for the service instance identified by the DLS instance token that you uploaded. The service instance is added to the list of registered service instances.

2.3.6. Binding a License Server to a Service Instance

Binding a license server to a service instance ensures that licenses on the server are available only from that service instance. As a result, the licenses are available only to the licensed clients that are served by the service instance to which the license server is bound.

  1. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group to which the license server belongs.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, expand LICENSE SERVER and click LIST SERVERS.
  3. In the list of license servers on the License Servers page that opens, from the Actions menu for the service instance, choose Bind.
  4. In the Bind Service Instance pop-up window that opens, select the service instance to which you want to bind the license server and click BIND. The Bind Service Instance pop-up window confirms that the license server has been bound to the service instance.

2.3.7. Installing a License Server on a DLS Instance

  1. In the NVIDIA Licensing Portal, navigate to the organization or virtual group for which the license server was created.
    1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Enterprise Application Hub and click NVIDIA LICENSING PORTAL to go to the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
    2. Optional: If your assigned roles give you access to multiple virtual groups, click View settings at the top right of the page and in the My Info window that opens, select the virtual group from the Virtual Group drop-down list, and close the My Info window.
  2. In the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing Portal dashboard, expand LICENSE SERVER and click LIST SERVERS.
  3. In the list of license servers on the License Servers page that opens, click the name of the license server that you want to install.
  4. In the License Server Details page that opens, from the Actions menu, choose Download.
  5. In the Download License File window that opens, click Download. A license server file that is named license_mm-dd-yyyy-hh-mm-ss.bin is downloaded.
  6. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Licensing application at the IP address of the VM on which the DLS virtual appliance is installed. If a license server has not been installed on the DLS virtual appliance, the NVIDIA Licensing dashboard displays a message asking if you want to install a license server.
  7. If you are updating the license server on the DLS virtual appliance, in the left navigation pane of the NVIDIA Licensing dashboard, click UPLOAD SERVER. If a license server has not been installed on the DLS virtual appliance, omit this step. The Server Upload page opens.
  8. On the NVIDIA Licensing dashboard or the Server Upload page, click SELECT LICENSE SERVER FILE.

    Screen capture showing the SELECT LICENSE SERVER FILE window

  9. In the file browser that opens, navigate to the folder that contains the license server file named license_mm-dd-yyyy-hh-mm-ss.bin that you downloaded and select the file.
  10. When asked if you want to install the selected file, click INSTALL.
NVIDIA Licensing dashboard is updated with the details of the license server that you installed.

2.3.8. Generating a Client Configuration Token for a DLS Instance

  1. If you are not already logged in, log in to the NVIDIA Licensing application at the IP address of the VM on which the DLS instance resides.
  2. In the left navigation pane, click SERVICE INSTANCE.
  3. On the Service Instance page that opens, from the Actions menu for the DLS instance for which you want to generate a client configuration token, choose Generate client configuration token.

    Screen capture showing the selection of scope references and fulfillment class references for inclusion in a client configuration token

    The Generate Client Configuration Token window opens.
  4. In the Generate Client Configuration Token pop-up window that opens, select the references that you want to include in the client configuration token.
    1. From the list of scope references, select the scope references that you want to include.

      You must select at least one scope reference.

      Each scope reference specifies the license server that will fulfil a license request.

    2. Optional: Click the Fulfillment class references tab, and from the list of fulfillment class references, select the fulfillment class references that you want to include.

      Screen capture showing the selection of scope references and fulfillment class references for inclusion in a client configuration token

      Including fulfillment class references is optional.
    3. Click DOWNLOAD CLIENT CONFIGURATION TOKEN.


    Screen capture showing the selection of scope references and fulfillment class references for inclusion in a client configuration token

    A file named client_configuration_token_mm-dd-yyyy-hh-mm-ss.tok is saved to your default downloads folder.
After creating a client configuration token from a service instance, copy the client configuration token to each licensed client that you want to use the combination of license servers and fulfillment conditions specified in the token. For more information, see Configuring a Licensed Client.

3. Installing and Configuring NVIDIA vGPU Manager and the Guest Driver

Before installing and configuring NVIDIA vGPU Manager and the guest driver, ensure that a VM running a supported Windows guest OS is configured in your chosen hypervisor.

The factory settings of some supported GPU boards are incompatible with NVIDIA vGPU software. Before configuring NVIDIA vGPU software on these GPU boards, you must configure the boards to change these settings.

3.1. Switching the Mode of a GPU that Supports Multiple Display Modes

Some GPUs support displayless and display-enabled modes but must be used in NVIDIA vGPU software deployments in displayless mode.

The GPUs listed in the following table support multiple display modes. As shown in the table, some GPUs are supplied from the factory in displayless mode, but other GPUs are supplied in a display-enabled mode.

GPU Mode as Supplied from the Factory
NVIDIA A40 Displayless
NVIDIA RTX A5000 Display enabled
NVIDIA RTX A5500 Display enabled
NVIDIA RTX A6000 Display enabled

A GPU that is supplied from the factory in displayless mode, such as the NVIDIA A40 GPU, might be in a display-enabled mode if its mode has previously been changed.

To change the mode of a GPU that supports multiple display modes, use the displaymodeselector tool, which you can request from the NVIDIA Display Mode Selector Tool page on the NVIDIA Developer website.

Note:

Only the following GPUs support the displaymodeselector tool:

  • NVIDIA A40
  • NVIDIA RTX A5000
  • NVIDIA RTX A5500
  • NVIDIA RTX A6000

Other GPUs that support NVIDIA vGPU software do not support the displaymodeselector tool and, unless otherwise stated, do not require display mode switching.

3.2. Switching the Mode of a Tesla M60 or M6 GPU

Tesla M60 and M6 GPUs support compute mode and graphics mode. NVIDIA vGPU requires GPUs that support both modes to operate in graphics mode.

Recent Tesla M60 GPUs and M6 GPUs are supplied in graphics mode. However, your GPU might be in compute mode if it is an older Tesla M60 GPU or M6 GPU or if its mode has previously been changed.

To configure the mode of Tesla M60 and M6 GPUs, use the gpumodeswitch tool provided with NVIDIA vGPU software releases. If you are unsure which mode your GPU is in, use the gpumodeswitch tool to find out the mode.

Note:

Only Tesla M60 and M6 GPUs support the gpumodeswitch tool. Other GPUs that support NVIDIA vGPU do not support the gpumodeswitch tool and, except as stated in Switching the Mode of a GPU that Supports Multiple Display Modes, do not require mode switching.

Even in compute mode, Tesla M60 and M6 GPUs do not support NVIDIA Virtual Compute Server vGPU types. Furthermore, vCS is not supported on any GPU on Citrix Hypervisor.

For more information, refer to gpumodeswitch User Guide.

3.3. Installing the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager

Before guests enabled for NVIDIA vGPU can be configured, the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager must be installed in your chosen hypervisor. The process for installing the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager depends on the hypervisor that you are using.

If you need more detailed instructions, refer to the appropriate NVIDIA vGPU installation guide.

3.3.1. Installing the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager on VMware vSphere

For all supported VMware vSphere releases, the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager package is distributed as a software component in a ZIP archive. For supported releases before VMware vSphere 7.0, the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager package is also distributed as a vSphere Installation Bundle (VIB) file.
Before you begin, ensure that the following prerequisites are met:
  • The ZIP archive that contains NVIDIA vGPU software has been downloaded from the NVIDIA Licensing Portal.
  • The NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager package has been extracted from the downloaded ZIP archive.
  1. Copy the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager package file to the ESXi host.
  2. Put the ESXi host into maintenance mode.
    $ esxcli system maintenanceMode set –-enable true
  3. Run the esxcli command to install the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager from the package file.
    • For a software component, run the following command:

      $ esxcli software vib install -d /vmfs/volumes/datastore/software-component.zip
      datastore
      The name of the VMFS datastore to which you copied the software component.
      software-component
      The name of the file that contains the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager package in the form of a software component. Ensure that you specify the file that was extracted from the downloaded ZIP archive. For example, for VMware vSphere 6.7, software-component is NVD.NVIDIA_bootbank_NVIDIA-VMware_510.73.06-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922-offline_bundle-build-number.
    • For a VIB file, run the following command:

      $ esxcli software vib install –v directory/NVIDIA**.vib
      directory
      The absolute path to the directory to which you copied the VIB file. You must specify the absolute path even if the VIB file is in the current working directory.
  4. Exit maintenance mode.
    $ esxcli system maintenanceMode set –-enable false
  5. Reboot the ESXi host.
    $ reboot
  6. Verify that the NVIDIA kernel driver can successfully communicate with the physical GPUs in your system by running the nvidia-smi command without any options.
    $ nvidia-smi
    If successful, the nvidia-smi command lists all the GPUs in your system.

3.3.2. Installing the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager on Citrix Hypervisor

The NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager for Citrix Hypervisor is distributed as an RPM Package Manager (RPM) file. It runs in the Citrix Hypervisor Control Domain (dom0) shell.
  1. Copy the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager RPM file to the Citrix Hypervisor dom0 shell.
  2. Run the rpm command to install the package.
    [root@xenserver ~]# rpm -iv NVIDIA-**.rpm
  3. Reboot the Citrix Hypervisor platform.
    [root@xenserver ~]# shutdown -r now
  4. After the Citrix Hypervisor host has rebooted, verify the installation of the NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager package for Citrix Hypervisor by checking for the NVIDIA kernel driver in the list of kernel-loaded modules.
    [root@xenserver ~]# lsmod |grep nvidia
    nvidia 8152994 0
    i2c_core 20294 2 nvidia,i2c_

3.4. Disabling and Enabling ECC Memory

Some GPUs that support NVIDIA vGPU software support error correcting code (ECC) memory with NVIDIA vGPU. ECC memory improves data integrity by detecting and handling double-bit errors. However, not all GPUs, vGPU types, and hypervisor software versions support ECC memory with NVIDIA vGPU.

On GPUs that support ECC memory with NVIDIA vGPU, ECC memory is supported with C-series and Q-series vGPUs, but not with A-series and B-series vGPUs. Although A-series and B-series vGPUs start on physical GPUs on which ECC memory is enabled, enabling ECC with vGPUs that do not support it might incur some costs.

On physical GPUs that do not have HBM2 memory, the amount of frame buffer that is usable by vGPUs is reduced. All types of vGPU are affected, not just vGPUs that support ECC memory.

The effects of enabling ECC memory on a physical GPU are as follows:

  • ECC memory is exposed as a feature on all supported vGPUs on the physical GPU.
  • In VMs that support ECC memory, ECC memory is enabled, with the option to disable ECC in the VM.
  • ECC memory can be enabled or disabled for individual VMs. Enabling or disabling ECC memory in a VM does not affect the amount of frame buffer that is usable by vGPUs.

GPUs based on the Pascal GPU architecture and later GPU architectures support ECC memory with NVIDIA vGPU. To determine whether ECC memory is enabled for a GPU, run nvidia-smi -q for the GPU.

Tesla M60 and M6 GPUs support ECC memory when used without GPU virtualization, but NVIDIA vGPU does not support ECC memory with these GPUs. In graphics mode, these GPUs are supplied with ECC memory disabled by default.

Some hypervisor software versions do not support ECC memory with NVIDIA vGPU.

If you are using a hypervisor software version or GPU that does not support ECC memory with NVIDIA vGPU and ECC memory is enabled, NVIDIA vGPU fails to start. In this situation, you must ensure that ECC memory is disabled on all GPUs if you are using NVIDIA vGPU.

3.4.1. Disabling ECC Memory

If ECC memory is unsuitable for your workloads but is enabled on your GPUs, disable it. You must also ensure that ECC memory is disabled on all GPUs if you are using NVIDIA vGPU with a hypervisor software version or a GPU that does not support ECC memory with NVIDIA vGPU. If your hypervisor software version or GPU does not support ECC memory and ECC memory is enabled, NVIDIA vGPU fails to start.

Where to perform this task depends on whether you are changing ECC memory settings for a physical GPU or a vGPU.

  • For a physical GPU, perform this task from the hypervisor host.
  • For a vGPU, perform this task from the VM to which the vGPU is assigned.
    Note: ECC memory must be enabled on the physical GPU on which the vGPUs reside.
Before you begin, ensure that NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager is installed on your hypervisor. If you are changing ECC memory settings for a vGPU, also ensure that the NVIDIA vGPU software graphics driver is installed in the VM to which the vGPU is assigned.
  1. Use nvidia-smi to list the status of all physical GPUs or vGPUs, and check for ECC noted as enabled.
    # nvidia-smi -q
    
    ==============NVSMI LOG==============
    
    Timestamp                           : Mon May 23 18:36:45 2022
    Driver Version                      : 510.73.06 
    
    Attached GPUs                       : 1
    GPU 0000:02:00.0
    
    [...]
    
        Ecc Mode
            Current                     : Enabled
            Pending                     : Enabled
    
    [...]
  2. Change the ECC status to off for each GPU for which ECC is enabled.
    • If you want to change the ECC status to off for all GPUs on your host machine or vGPUs assigned to the VM, run this command:
      # nvidia-smi -e 0
    • If you want to change the ECC status to off for a specific GPU or vGPU, run this command:
      # nvidia-smi -i id -e 0

      id is the index of the GPU or vGPU as reported by nvidia-smi.

      This example disables ECC for the GPU with index 0000:02:00.0.

      # nvidia-smi -i 0000:02:00.0 -e 0
  3. Reboot the host or restart the VM.
  4. Confirm that ECC is now disabled for the GPU or vGPU.
    # nvidia—smi —q
    
    ==============NVSMI LOG==============
    
    Timestamp                           : Mon May 23 18:37:53 2022
    Driver Version                      : 510.73.06 
    
    Attached GPUs                       : 1
    GPU 0000:02:00.0
    [...]
    
        Ecc Mode
            Current                     : Disabled
            Pending                     : Disabled
    
    [...]

3.4.2. Enabling ECC Memory

If ECC memory is suitable for your workloads and is supported by your hypervisor software and GPUs, but is disabled on your GPUs or vGPUs, enable it.

Where to perform this task depends on whether you are changing ECC memory settings for a physical GPU or a vGPU.

  • For a physical GPU, perform this task from the hypervisor host.
  • For a vGPU, perform this task from the VM to which the vGPU is assigned.
    Note: ECC memory must be enabled on the physical GPU on which the vGPUs reside.
Before you begin, ensure that NVIDIA Virtual GPU Manager is installed on your hypervisor. If you are changing ECC memory settings for a vGPU, also ensure that the NVIDIA vGPU software graphics driver is installed in the VM to which the vGPU is assigned.
  1. Use nvidia-smi to list the status of all physical GPUs or vGPUs, and check for ECC noted as disabled.
    # nvidia-smi -q
    
    ==============NVSMI LOG==============
    
    Timestamp                           : Mon May 23 18:36:45 2022
    Driver Version                      : 510.73.06 
    
    Attached GPUs                       : 1
    GPU 0000:02:00.0
    
    [...]
    
        Ecc Mode
            Current                     : Disabled
            Pending                     : Disabled
    
    [...]
  2. Change the ECC status to on for each GPU or vGPU for which ECC is enabled.
    • If you want to change the ECC status to on for all GPUs on your host machine or vGPUs assigned to the VM, run this command:
      # nvidia-smi -e 1
    • If you want to change the ECC status to on for a specific GPU or vGPU, run this command:
      # nvidia-smi -i id -e 1

      id is the index of the GPU or vGPU as reported by nvidia-smi.

      This example enables ECC for the GPU with index 0000:02:00.0.

      # nvidia-smi -i 0000:02:00.0 -e 1
  3. Reboot the host or restart the VM.
  4. Confirm that ECC is now enabled for the GPU or vGPU.
    # nvidia—smi —q
    
    ==============NVSMI LOG==============
    
    Timestamp                           : Mon May 23 18:37:53 2022
    Driver Version                      : 510.73.06 
    
    Attached GPUs                       : 1
    GPU 0000:02:00.0
    [...]
    
        Ecc Mode
            Current                     : Enabled
            Pending                     : Enabled
    
    [...]

3.5. Attaching an NVIDIA vGPU Profile to a VM

To attach an NVIDIA vGPU profile to a virtual machine (VM), you must configure the VM hardware. The process for attaching an NVIDIA vGPU profile to a VM depends on the hypervisor that you are using.

3.5.1. Changing the Default Graphics Type in VMware vSphere 6.5 and Later

Before changing the default graphics type, ensure that the ESXi host is running and that all VMs on the host are powered off.

  1. Log in to vCenter Server by using the vSphere Web Client.
  2. In the navigation tree, select your ESXi host and click the Configure tab.
  3. From the menu, choose Graphics and then click the Host Graphics tab.
  4. On the Host Graphics tab, click Edit.

    Screen capture of the Host Graphics tab in the VMware vCenter Web UI, showing the default graphics type as Shared

  5. In the Edit Host Graphics Settings dialog box that opens, select Shared Direct and click OK.

    Screen capture showing the Edit Host Graphics Settings dialog box in the VMware vCenter Web UI for changing the default graphics type

    After you click OK, the default graphics type changes to Shared Direct.

  6. Click the Graphics Devices tab to verify the configured type of each physical GPU on which you want to configure vGPU. The configured type of each physical GPU must be Shared Direct. For any physical GPU for which the configured type is Shared, change the configured type as follows:
    1. On the Graphics Devices tab, select the physical GPU and click the Edit icon.

      Screen capture of the Graphics Devices tab in the VMware vCenter Web UI, showing the active type and configured type of two NVIDIA GPUs as Shared

    2. In the Edit Graphics Device Settings dialog box that opens, select Shared Direct and click OK.

      Screen capture showing the Edit Graphics Device Settings dialog box in the VMware vCenter Web UI for changing the graphics type of a physical GPU

  7. Restart the ESXi host or stop and restart the Xorg service if necessary and nv-hostengine on the ESXi host.

    To stop and restart the Xorg service and nv-hostengine, perform these steps:

    1. VMware vSphere releases before 7.0 Update 1 only: Stop the Xorg service.

      As of VMware vSphere 7.0 Update 1, the Xorg service is no longer required for graphics devices in NVIDIA vGPU mode.

    2. Stop nv-hostengine.
      [root@esxi:~] nv-hostengine -t
    3. Wait for 1 second to allow nv-hostengine to stop.
    4. Start nv-hostengine.
      [root@esxi:~] nv-hostengine -d
    5. VMware vSphere releases before 7.0 Update 1 only: Start the Xorg service.

      As of VMware vSphere 7.0 Update 1, the Xorg service is no longer required for graphics devices in NVIDIA vGPU mode.

      [root@esxi:~] /etc/init.d/xorg start
  8. In the Graphics Devices tab of the VMware vCenter Web UI, confirm that the active type and the configured type of each physical GPU are Shared Direct.

    Screen capture of the Graphics Devices tab in the VMware vCenter Web UI, showing the active type and configured type of two NVIDIA GPUs as Shared Direct

3.5.2. Configuring a vSphere VM with NVIDIA vGPU

CAUTION:
Output from the VM console in the VMware vSphere Web Client is not available for VMs that are running vGPU. Make sure that you have installed an alternate means of accessing the VM (such as VMware Horizon or a VNC server) before you configure vGPU.

VM console in vSphere Web Client will become active again once the vGPU parameters are removed from the VM’s configuration.

  1. Open the vCenter Web UI.
  2. In the vCenter Web UI, right-click the VM and choose Edit Settings.
  3. Click the Virtual Hardware tab.
  4. In the New device list, select Shared PCI Device and click Add. The PCI device field should be auto-populated with NVIDIA GRID vGPU.

    Screen capture showing VM settings for vGPU in the Edit Settings window in the VMware vCenter Web UI

  5. From the GPU Profile drop-down menu, choose the type of vGPU you want to configure and click OK.
    Note: VMware vSphere does not support vCS. Therefore, C-series vGPU types are not available for selection from the GPU Profile drop-down menu.
  6. Ensure that VMs running vGPU have all their memory reserved:
    1. Select Edit virtual machine settings from the vCenter Web UI.
    2. Expand the Memory section and click Reserve all guest memory (All locked).

After you have configured a vSphere VM with a vGPU, start the VM. VM console in vSphere Web Client is not supported in this vGPU release. Therefore, use VMware Horizon or VNC to access the VM’s desktop.

3.5.3. Configuring a Citrix Hypervisor VM with Virtual GPU

  1. Ensure the VM is powered off.
  2. Right-click the VM in XenCenter, select Properties to open the VM’s properties, and select the GPU property. The available GPU types are listed in the GPU type drop-down list:

    Screen capture showing the use of XenCenter to configure a VM with a vGPU

After you have configured a Citrix Hypervisor VM with a vGPU, start the VM, either from XenCenter or by using xe vm-start in a dom0 shell. You can view the VM’s console in XenCenter.

3.6. Installing the NVIDIA vGPU Software Graphics Driver

After you create a Windows VM on the hypervisor and boot the VM, the VM should boot to a standard Windows desktop in VGA mode at 800×600 resolution. You can use the Windows screen resolution control panel to increase the resolution to other standard resolutions, but to fully enable GPU operation, the NVIDIA vGPU software graphics driver must be installed.

  1. Copy the NVIDIA Windows driver package to the guest VM where you are installing the driver.
  2. Execute the package to unpack and run the driver installer.

    Screen capture showing NVIDIA driver installation

  3. Click through the license agreement.
  4. Select Express Installation and click NEXT. After the driver installation is complete, the installer may prompt you to restart the platform.
  5. If prompted to restart the platform, do one of the following:
    • Select Restart Now to reboot the VM.
    • Exit the installer and reboot the VM when you are ready.
    After the VM restarts, it boots to a Windows desktop.
  6. Verify that the NVIDIA driver is running.
    1. Right-click on the desktop.
    2. From the menu that opens, choose NVIDIA Control Panel.
    3. In the NVIDIA Control Panel, from the Help menu, choose System Information.

      NVIDIA Control Panel reports the vGPU that is being used, its capabilities, and the NVIDIA driver version that is loaded.



      Screen capture showing the verification of NVIDIA driver operation using NVIDIA Control Panel

3.7. Configuring a Licensed Client

To use an NVIDIA vGPU software licensed product, each client system to which a physical or virtual GPU is assigned must be able to obtain a license from the NVIDIA License System. A client system can be a VM that is configured with NVIDIA vGPU, a VM that is configured for GPU pass through, or a physical host to which a physical GPU is assigned in a bare-metal deployment.

Before configuring a licensed client, ensure that the following prerequisites are met:

  • The NVIDIA vGPU software graphics driver is installed on the client.
  • The client configuration token that you want to deploy on the client has been created from the NVIDIA Licensing Portal or the DLS.
  • The client configuration token that you want to deploy on the client has been created from the NVIDIA Licensing Portal as explained in Generating a Client Configuration Token for a CLS Instance.
  • The ports in your firewall or proxy to allow HTTPS traffic between the service instance and the licensed client must be open. The ports that must be open in your firewall or proxy depend on whether the service instance is a CLS instance or a DLS instance:
    • For a CLS instance, ports 443 and 80 must be open.
    • For a DLS instance, ports 443, 80, 8081, and 8082 must be open.

The graphics driver creates a default location in which to store the client configuration token on the client.

The process for configuring a licensed client is the same for CLS and DLS instances but depends on the OS that is running on the client.

3.7.1. Configuring a Licensed Client on Windows

Perform this task from the client.

  1. Add the FeatureType DWord (REG_DWORD) registry value to the Windows registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\NVIDIA Corporation\Global\GridLicensing.
    Note: If you are upgrading an existing driver, this value is already set.

    The value to set depends on the type of the GPU assigned to the licensed client that you are configuring.

    GPU Type Setting
    NVIDIA vGPU Do not change the value of this registry key. NVIDIA vGPU software automatically selects the correct type of license based on the vGPU type.
    Physical GPU The feature type of a GPU in pass-through mode or a bare-metal deployment:
    • 0: NVIDIA Virtual Applications
    • 2: NVIDIA RTX Virtual Workstation
  2. Copy the client configuration token to the %SystemDrive%:\Program Files\NVIDIA Corporation\vGPU Licensing\ClientConfigToken folder.
  3. Restart the NvDisplayContainer service.

The NVIDIA service on the client should now automatically obtain a license from the CLS or DLS instance.

After a Windows licensed client has been configured, options for configuring licensing for a network-based license server are no longer available in NVIDIA Control Panel.

3.7.2. Verifying the NVIDIA vGPU Software License Status of a Licensed Client

After configuring a client with an NVIDIA vGPU software license, verify the license status by displaying the licensed product name and status.

To verify the license status of a licensed client, run nvidia-smi with the –q or --query option. If the product is licensed, the expiration date is shown in the license status.

nvidia-smi -q
==============NVSMI LOG==============

Timestamp                           : Wed Mar 31 01:49:28 2020
Driver Version                      : 440.88
CUDA Version                        : 10.0

Attached GPUs                       : 1
GPU 00000000:00:08.0
    Product Name                    : Tesla T4
    Product Brand                   : Grid
    Display Mode                    : Enabled
    Display Active                  : Disabled
    Persistence Mode                : N/A
    Accounting Mode                 : Disabled
    Accounting Mode Buffer Size     : 4000
    Driver Model
        Current                     : WDDM
        Pending                     : WDDM
    Serial Number                   : 0334018000638
    GPU UUID                        : GPU-ba2310b6-95d1-802b-f96f-5865410fe517
    Minor Number                    : N/A
    VBIOS Version                   : 90.04.21.00.01
    MultiGPU Board                  : No
    Board ID                        : 0x8
    GPU Part Number                 : 699-2G183-0200-100
    Inforom Version
        Image Version               : G183.0200.00.02
        OEM Object                  : 1.1
        ECC Object                  : 5.0
        Power Management Object     : N/A
    GPU Operation Mode
        Current                     : N/A
        Pending                     : N/A
    GPU Virtualization Mode
        Virtualization mode         : Pass-Through
    vGPU Software Licensed Product
        Product Name                : NVIDIA Virtual Compute Server
        License Status              : Licensed (Expiry: 2021-11-13 18:29:59 GMT)
    …
    …

Notices

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